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Prevention of Communication Disorders. ASHA’s Prevention Curriculum Guide for Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists. Why is Prevention Important to the Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathologist?. Foundations of Prevention. Prevention

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Presentation Transcript
foundations of prevention
Foundations of Prevention
  • Prevention
    • Inhibiting or interrupting the progression of disease, disorder, or disability
  • Health Promotion/Wellness
    • The combination of educational and environmental supports for actions and conditions of living conducive to health
the professional role of the speech language pathologist and audiologist
The Professional Role of the Speech-Language Pathologist and Audiologist
  • Competencies and Responsibilities
  • Prevention Activities
  • Assisting with National Initiatives
    • Healthy People 2000 & 2010 Objectives
levels of prevention
Levels of Prevention
  • Primary Prevention
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Tertiary Prevention
primary prevention
Health Education

Genetic Counselling

Environmental Change

Hearing Conservation

Immunization

Prenatal Care

Vocal Hygiene

Prevention of Secondary Communication Disorders

Primary Prevention
secondary prevention
Secondary Prevention
  • Screenings
    • Speech-Language Disorders
    • Hearing/Balance Disorders
  • Early Intervention
    • Hearing/Balance Disorders
    • Speech-Language-Swallowing Disorders
tertiary prevention
Tertiary Prevention
  • Treatment of identified disabilities
  • Family/caregiver education programs
  • Patient counseling
  • Cross-disciplinary consultation
prevention science
Prevention Science
  • Epidemiology
    • Data
  • Risk
    • Incidence and prevalence
    • Relative risk and odds ratio
    • Population attributable risk ratio
models of health behavior and health education
Models of Health Behavior and Health Education
  • Individual Health Behavior Models
  • Group Intervention Models
  • Applying Health Education Models to Communication Disorders
genetic influences
Genetic Influences
  • Genetics Disorders
  • Preventive Approaches
environmental influences
Physical

Toxins

Nutrition

Sick buildings

Noise pollution

Second-hand smoke

Lead

Social

Violence

Substance abuse

Child rearing practices

Poverty

Environmental Influences
multicultural influences
Multicultural Influences
  • Culture
  • Influences on health, social, and educational behaviors and practices
  • Planning Prevention Targets
prevention across the life span specific disorders
Dysphagia

Literacy and Learning Problems

Oral Problems/Cancer

Ototoxicity/Noice-Induced Hearing Loss

Stroke

Stuttering

Traumatic Brain Injury

Voice Disorders

Prevention Across the Life Span (Specific Disorders)
models of prevention program design
Public Health PRECEDE-PROCEED

Comprehensive Health Education Model (CHEM)

Models of Prevention Program Design
prevention program objectives and initiatives
Prevention Program Objectives and Initiatives
  • Program Objectives
  • Stating Prevention Outcomes
  • Implementing the Prevention Program
public policy and public health
Public Policy and Public Health
  • ASHA Public Policy Agenda for Prevention
  • Public Health and Professions of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

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