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Gross Domestic Product (GDP) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The sum of the flow of all final economic goods and services produced by the domestic economy during a relevant period of time. National Income Accounting.

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gross domestic product gdp

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

The sum of the flow of all final economic goods and services produced by the domestic economy during a relevant period of time.

national income accounting

National Income Accounting

The set of rules and techniques used for measuring the total flow of output (goods and services) produced and the total flow of incomes generated by this production.


Market Transactions: (wages, interest, rent, profits, ….);

Non-market Transactions: (income-in-kind, ….);

Imputations: (home consumption, rental value of owner occupied housing


Market Transactions: (illegal activities, used goods, stocks and bonds, underground economy, capital gains and losses, …);

Non-market Transactions: (value of house persons)

national product y
National Product (Y)
  • Consumption Expenditures (C)
  • Investment Expenditures (I)
  • Government Purchases of Goods and Services (G)
  • Net Exports (NX)

Y = C + I + G + (X – M)

national income ni
National Income (NI)
  • Wages, Salaries and other Compensations of Employees;
  • Rental Income;
  • Net Interest; and
  • Profits
    • Unincorporated Income
    • Corporate Profits
from ni to gdp
From NI to GDP

GDP = National Income

+ Indirect Business Taxes

+ Capital Consumption Allowances

+ Miscellaneous Adjustments

Business Transfer Payments

Inventory Valuation Adjustments

Statistical Discrepancies

from ni to disposable personal income dpi or y d
From NI to Disposable Personal Income (DPI) or (YD)

DPI = National Income

- Social Insurance: Employers’ Share

- Corporate Retained Earnings

- Corporate Taxes

+ Government Transfer Payments

+ Business Transfer Payments

+ Miscellaneous Payments to Individual

- Personal Taxes

other measures of income
Other Measures of Income

Gross National Product (GNP):


+ Factor Payments From Abroad

- Factor Payments to Abroad

Net National Product (NNP):


- Capital Consumption Allowances

real gdp vs nominal gdp
Real GDP Vs. Nominal GDP

Real GDP = Nominal GDP / GDP Deflator

Nominal GDP a.k.a. Current Dollar GDP

Real DGP a.k.a. Constant Dollar GDP

GDP Deflator is A Price Index

index of prices

Index of Prices

An index or prices shows the average percentage change that has occurred in some group of prices over some period of time.

price indices
Price Indices
  • Consumer Price Index (CPI)
    • measures changes in the prices of commodities commonly bought by households since some base period
  • Producer Price Index (PPI)
    • formerly known as the Wholesale Price Index, measures changes in the prices of commodities traded at the wholesale level
price indices12
Price Indices
  • Implicit Price Deflator for GDP
    • measures changes in the prices of the commodities produced by the domestic economy since some base period