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Pecans. A Georgia Commodity. The only major tree nut that grows naturally in North America. Dr. Frank Flanders and Asha Wise August 2006. Objectives. Rank the nut industry compared to other Georgia agricultural commodities. Explain how pecan trees are produced. Students will be able to:

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pecans

Pecans

A Georgia Commodity

The only major tree nut that grows naturally in North America.

Dr. Frank Flanders and Asha Wise

August 2006

objectives
Objectives
  • Rank the nut industry compared to other Georgia agricultural commodities.
  • Explain how pecan trees are produced.

Students will be able to:

  • Explain the importance of pecans to Georgia.
  • State the nutritional facts of pecans.
slide3

Why are pecans important?

  • Georgia is the nation's largest supplier of pecans and has been since the late 1800s.
  • An average pecan harvest is about 100 million pounds. That is enough pecans to make 176 million pecan pies!
  • The state's major pecan producing region is near Albany, in southwest Georgia. There are large and small orchards from Atlanta southward.
  • The peak harvesting months for Georgia pecans are October – December.
production of pecan trees
Production of Pecan Trees
  • Commercial pecan trees are grafted.

~ A twig from a high producing tree is made to grow on the root stock of another tree.

~The first successfully grafted and cultivated pecan was done by a Louisiana slave named Antoine in 1846.

  • Pecan trees that are grown from seed and not grafted are called seedlings.

~ Seedling trees generally are low producing and have smaller nuts with a higher oil content.

uses and nutrition of the pecan
Uses and Nutrition of the Pecan
  • Often associated with pie and pralines, they can be found in a variety of recipes, from cookies and desserts to salads and main dishes.
  • Pecans can be stored in the freezer for up to two years.
  • Nutrition Facts:
  • A high fat content but a good source of: potassium, thiamine, zinc, copper, magnesium, phosphorous, niacin, folic acid, iron, vitamin B6 and fiber.
  • Also contain oleic acid, a monounsaturated fat believed to help in the prevention of heart disease.
interesting facts
Interesting Facts
  • The name "pecan" is a Native American word of Algonquin origin that was used to describe "all nuts requiring a stone to crack."
  • There are over 500 varieties of pecans, of which only three are common: Georgia produces all three varieties.

~ One variety found in Georgia is the Sumner Pecan. Which was discovered in 1932 in Tift County by Walter E. Sumner and is primarily found in southeast Georgia.

  • One irrigated and managed acre of pecan trees will produce 1,000 pounds of pecans.
interesting facts8
Interesting Facts
  • There are about 78 pecans used in every pecan pie.
  • Pecan trees, are a member of the hickory family and are prized for their lumber.
  • Georgia pecan wood was selected to make the handles of the torches for the 1996 Olympic Games.
  • Today, the pecan industry contributes $80 million annually to Georgia’s economy.
assessment
Assessment
  • What state has been the largest producer of pecans since the late 1800s?
  • What city is the major site of pecan production?
  • When is the peak harvesting season for pecans?
  • How many pecans can an acre yield?
  • Where did the name “pecan” originate?
  • What pecan variety was discovered in Tift County?
  • What is a seedling?
  • Name one nutrient that pecans are a good source of.
  • Fruits, tree nuts and berries rank ____ in value of GA commodities.
  • What is the amount of the average pecan harvest?
assessment key
Assessment Key
  • Georgia
  • Albany, Georgia
  • The peak harvesting season for pecans is October – December.
  • 1,000 pounds of pecans
  • The name “pecan” originated from the Native American word Algonquin origin that was used to describe “all nuts requiring a stone to crack.”
  • Sumner Pecans
  • A seedling is a pecan tree that was grown from seed and not grafted.
  • Potassium, thiamine, zinc, copper, magnesium, phosphorous, niacin, folic acid, iron, vitamin B6 and fiber.
  • 8th
  • 100 million pounds
references
References

http://www.georgiapecans.org