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Athletic training. Chapter 2. What is an Athletic Trainer?. Highly educated and skilled professional specializing in athletic health care for the physically active Prevention & care of athletes, physically active History: Greek and Roman civilizations

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what is an athletic trainer
What is an Athletic Trainer?
  • Highly educated and skilled professional specializing in athletic health care for the physically active
    • Prevention & care of athletes, physically active
  • History:
    • Greek and Roman civilizations
    • Established in late 19th century in the United States (intercollegiate athletics)
      • Lacked professional training/knowledge
why athletic trainer
Why “athletic trainer”?
  • There has been much controversy over the title

Growth of the Profession

  • Evolution of the Athletic Trainer:
    • 1st appearance in intercollegiate athletics after WWI
    • 1st text, The Trainer’s Bible, in 1917
      • Written by S.E. Bilik
    • Support from the Cramer family
  • The NATA
    • Formed between 1947-1950 by university athletic trainers
    • 1st Meeting in 1950 w/101 attendees in Kansas City, MO
    • Membership: from 100 to 30,000+ today (32,280 as of 8/07)
    • Employment Growth
    • Education Reform
recognition and accreditation as an allied health professional
Recognition and Accreditation as an Allied Health Professional
  • June 1991 – AMA officially recognized athletic training as an allied health profession
  • Primary purpose was for accrediting educational programs
  • June 1994 – CAHEA dissolved and replaced by Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)
  • Now CAATE- Commission on accreditation of Athletic Training Education
certification requirements
Certification Requirements
  • Candidates for certification must meet NATA-BOC established requirements:
    • Graduation from an accredited program (CAATE)
    • Pass the BOC examination
    • Meet CEU requirements
  • Successful completion of the certification exam will earn the credential of ATC
    • Certified Athletic Trainer
  • Must complete 50 CEUs every 2 years
    • Continuing education, new research & techniques
accredited programs
Accredited programs
  • 341 undergraduate programs
    • 4-year programs
    • Graduate with BA or BS degree
    • Eligible to sit for BOC exam
    • Closest is Cal State Fullerton
  • 26 entry-level master’s programs
    • 2-year programs
    • Must already have BA or BS degree
    • Graduate with MS degree
    • Closest is California Baptist University
  • Post-professional degree
    • Master’s and Doctoral degrees
nata board of certification nata boc
NATA Board of Certification (NATA-BOC)
  • Role Delineation Study (1999)
    • Redefined the profession of athletic training
    • Primary tasks of entry-level ATC’s
    • Knowledge and skills required to perform each task
    • Roles could be divided into six major areas or performance domains
      • Now five major areas
roles and responsibilities of the athletic trainer
Roles and Responsibilities of the Athletic trainer
  • Performance Domains
    • Injury/illness Prevention and Wellness Protection
    • Clinical Evaluation and Diagnosis
    • Immediate and Emergency Care
    • Treatment and Rehabilitation
    • Organizational and Professional Health and Well-being
  • What ATs do
  • Education Council Competencies & Clinical Proficiencies
    • Risk management
    • Pathology of injuries & illnesses
    • Orthopedic assessment/eval.
    • Acute care
    • Pharmacology
    • Therapeutic modalities
    • Therapeutic exercise
    • General medical conditions
    • Nutrition
    • Psychosocial Intervention
    • Health Care Administration
    • Professional Development
  • What ATs learn
performance domain injury illness prevention and wellness protection
Performance Domain: injury/illness prevention and wellness protection
  • Develop training & conditioning programs
  • Ensure a safe playing environment
  • Select, fit, & maintain protective equipment
  • Explain the importance of nutrition
  • Use medications appropriately
performance domain clinical evaluation diagnosis
Performance Domain:Clinical Evaluation & Diagnosis
  • Conduct physical examinations
  • Understand the pathology of injury and illness
  • Referring to medical care
  • Referring to support services
performance domain immediate and emergency care
Performance Domain:Immediate and emergency care
  • Initial on-field evaluation
  • Administer appropriate First Aid Care
  • Establish emergency care procedures ahead of time
    • EAP
performance domain treatment rehabilitation
Performance Domain:Treatment & Rehabilitation
  • Designing rehab programs
  • Supervising rehab programs
  • Incorporating therapeutic modalities
  • Offering psychosocial intervention
performance domain organization and professional health and well being
Performance Domain:organization and professional health and well-being
  • Organization/Administration
    • Record keeping
    • Order equipment & supplies
    • Supervise personnel
    • Establish policies & procedures
  • Professional Responsibilities
    • Continuing education
    • Promote the profession
    • Research
  • Professional health
    • Physical, emotional, spiritual health
    • Stress management
employment settings
Secondary Schools

College or Universities

Professional Teams

Sports Medicine Clinics

Corporate/Industrial Settings

The Military

Physician Extender

Treating the Physically Active

Adolescent athlete

Aging athlete

Employment Settings
personal qualities of an athletic trainer
Stamina & ability to adapt



Sense of humor


Intellectual Curiosity

Ethical Practice

Professional Memberships

Ability to relate to athletes

Ability to deal with parents

Personal Qualities ofan Athletic trainer
certified athletic trainer vs personal trainer
Certified Athletic Trainer

Meets the qualifications set by state licensure andthe Board of Certification, Inc. and practices athletic training under the direction of a physician.

Personal Trainer

Prescribes, monitors and changes an individual’s specific exercise program in a fitness or sports setting.

Certified Athletic Trainer vs. Personal Trainer
certified athletic trainer vs personal trainer1
Certified Athletic Trainer

Provide physical medicine and rehabilitation services

Prevent, diagnose, treat and rehabilitate injuries (acute and chronic)

Coordinate care with physicians and other allied health professionals

Work in schools, colleges, professional sports, clinics, hospitals, corporations, industry, military, performing arts

Personal Trainer

Assess fitness needs and design appropriate exercise regimens

Work with clients to achieve fitness goals

Help educate the public about the importance of physical activity

Work in health clubs, wellness centers and various other locations where fitness activities take place

Certified Athletic Trainer vs. Personal Trainer
state regulation
State Regulation
  • Licensure
    • Must meet minimal standards of state licensing board; state limits individuals who can perform AT functions through practice acts
    • Most restrictive form of regulation and varies from state to state
    • Usually gain licensure by passing BOC exam or state licensing exam & paying fee
  • Certification
    • Does not protect term “athletic trainer”; can restrict performance of AT functions to those certified by the state
    • Many of these states recognize BOC exam in gaining state certification
state regulation1
State Regulation
  • Registration
    • Pay state registration fee; state may not assess qualifications; protects term “athletic trainer” from being used
  • Exemption
    • State recognition allowing for performance of functions similar to those of other licensed professionals.
    • Usually not enough practitioners to warrant formation of a state regulatory board
future directions for athletic training
Future Directionsfor Athletic training
  • On-going evaluation and reform of ATEPs
  • Third-party reimbursement
    • (Medicare/Medicaid)
  • State regulation
    • Licensure in CA
  • Increase/improve secondary school employment
  • Further expansion of profession in other employment settings
    • Emerging practices
  • Research
  • Global professional growth
future employment for athletic trainers
Future Employmentfor athletic trainers
  • Employment
    • 2006: 17,000
    • 2016: 22,000
    • Growth: Much faster than average, except with professional sports teams
    • Largest Employment Settings
      • College/universities, amusement/recreation industries, general medical and surgical hospitals, elementary and secondary schools
  • Salary (includes wage earners)
    • Median for May 2006 was $36,200
    • Middle 50% earned between $28,920 and $45,600
    • Highest 10%: More than $57,580
    • Lowest 10%: Less than $21,940

Internet Research:

    • NATA website
      • 25 facts, names, job openings, or interesting topics
    • BOC website
      • 10 facts about the exam process
    • CAATE website
      • List of 10 accredited programs

Due Fri 8/24 @ beginning of class.

10 points