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10th American History Unit V- A Nation Facing Challenges. Chapter 18 Section 5 The Movement Continues. The Movement Continues. The Main Idea The civil rights movement was in decline by the 1970s, but its accomplishments continued to benefit American society. Reading Focus
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Chapter 18 Section 5
The Movement Continues
King realized that most African Americans were prevented from achieving equality because they were poor.
Ralph Abernathy, the new leader of the SCLC, led thousands of protesters to the nation’s capital as part of the Poor People’s Campaign.
The campaign turned out to be a disaster. Bad weather and terrible media relations marred the campaign.
The campaign also failed to express clearly the protesters’ needs and demands.
Hoover was particularly concerned about the Black Panthers.
Police raided Black Panther headquarters in many cities.
Armed conflict resulted, even when Black Panther members were unarmed.
By the early 1970s, armed violence had led to the killing or arrest of many Black Panther members.
SNCC collapsed with the help of the FBI.
H. Rap Brown, the leader who replaced Stokely Carmichael as the head of SNCC, was encouraged to take radical and shocking positions.
Brown was encouraged to take these positions by his staff—many of whom worked for the FBI.
Membership declined rapidly.The Decline of Black Power
The Civil Right Act of 1968 prohibited the following forms of discrimination:
John Lewis - In 1961, Lewis joined SNCC in the Freedom Rides, he and others were beaten by mobs. In 1963, Lewis helped plan, speak and took part in the March on Washington. In 1965, he led 525 marchers across the Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama. State troopers attacked the marchers in a violent incident that later became known as "Bloody Sunday."
In 1965, Jesse Jacksonparticipated in Martin Luther King, Jr.’s movement in Selma, Alabama. In 1966, King selected Jackson to be head of the SCLC’s Operation Breadbasket in Chicago Jackson was present with King in Memphis when he was assassinated on April 4, 1968.
Andrew Youngwas appointed to serve as pastor of a church in Marion, Alabama. In 1960, he joined the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Young was jailed for his participation in civil rights demonstrations, both in Selma, Alabama, St. Augustine, Florida ands Birmingham, Alabama. With King in Memphis at assassination.
Ralph Abernathy- pastor of the First Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Abernathy and King organized the bus boycott in Montgomery. Abernathy was Martin Luther King's Number Two in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. President of the SCLC after King's death. Organized the Poor People's Campaign.