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Dem 304 Enable rights and choices for individuals with dementia whilst minimising risks. Jacqui Ramus Practice Development Manager. Learning outcomes.

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dem 304 enable rights and choices for individuals with dementia whilst minimising risks

Dem 304Enable rights and choices for individuals with dementia whilst minimising risks

Jacqui Ramus

Practice Development Manager

learning outcomes
Learning outcomes
  • To understand how legislation, policy and procedure affects the way you work with people living with dementia to support their rights and choices, while minimising the risk of harm.
  • To maximise the rights and choices of people living with dementia
  • To involve carers and others in supporting people with dementia.
  • To be able to maintain privacy, dignity and respect of individuals with dementia while promoting rights and choices
approaches to enable rights and choices for individuals with dementia whilst minimising risks
Approaches to enable rights and choices for individuals with dementia whilst minimising risks

Key legislation:

Mental Capacity Act

Safeguarding adults

Lasting power of attorney

Vetting and barring scheme,

key legislation affecting those living with dementia
Key legislation affecting those living with dementia

Mental Capacity Act: Five principles

Assume the person has capacity in the first instance

Ensure that all practical steps to help person to make a decision have be taken before deciding they lack capacity

Do Nottreat someone as unable to make a decision because he makes an unwise decision.

Make any decisions in the Best Interests of the person concerned

Ensure that any preventative action is the least restrictive option

the mca in practice
The MCA in practice

Ken is 78 and lives at home with his wife, Lucille. Ken’s memory is variable (he has dementia) and he has to be reminded to wash and told that he has already eaten. Lucille makes a lot of his day-to-day decisions for him. However, he still goes on his own to his local social club once a week with his neighbour where he meets with friends. Sometimes he loses a lot of money at card sessions at the club. Lucille wonders if she should take control of all his finances to limit his spending. This is causing considerable conflict between them. She asks you about it?( Example from Community Care and Primary Care Training Set, DOH 2007)

What could you say?

Introducing the new identity

you could
You could:

Help Lucille to think that Ken’s decision about spending his money at cards is a separate decision which has to be assessed separately from his capacity to make other types of decisions

Introducing the new identity

lasting power of attorney
Lasting Power of Attorney

A Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) can be used to help plan

how a person’s health, wellbeing and financial affairs will be

looked after. It allows someone to plan in advance:

  • the decisions s/he wants to be made on their behalf if they lose capacity to make them their self
  • the people he/she wants to make these decisions
  • how he/she wants the people to make these decisions
  • it has to be registered with the Office of the Public Guardian before it can be used
raymond s money
Raymond’s money

The film portrays Raymond, a man in his 80s and recently diagnosed with dementia, and Wendy his paid care worker. The setting is Raymond's flat. Wendy visits daily to provide Raymond with practical support to manage at home. The context of the drama is whether Raymond has capacity to make a decision about spending 50 pounds on lottery tickets.

  • Does Raymond have capacity to ask Wendy to purchase the tickets?
  • Should Wendy be the one to purchase them?
  • What information might need to be shared or recorded with regard to this?
  • What monitoring might there need to be around this situation?
  • Think about the legislation covered earlier. How do you think this applies to Raymond’s situation?
raymond s money1
Raymond’s money

Despite Wendy's efforts to engage him in conversation, Raymond remains largely silent until she goes to leave. He then becomes animated about the lottery and asks her to buy 50 pounds worth of ‘lucky dip' tickets. Initially Wendy's response lacks respect for Raymond's request. After further discussion, Wendy decides that Raymond has capacity to make what others might think an ‘unwise decision'.

While supporting Raymond to make his own independent decision, Wendy records the decision to comply both with the MCA and good record-keeping practice. The final scenes show Raymond enjoying himself as he checks his tickets against the results.

personal account of living with dementia
Personal account of living with dementia,

“Each day brings its own catalogue of risks, some minor and some dangerous. But over time and with forgetting, there is the risk of being put on the side-lines, of being seen as a hindrance, and having control taken away from you, under the guise of it being for your own good. So, while we can, we must challenge the risks… People living with a dementia must be allowed to take risks, because if we don’t, we are in danger of relaxing into the disease. At times we feel hopeless. At times the hurt we feel is indescribable and we can let it be a barrier to life. But there is a life for us, if we risk it.”

(Quote: Morgan, 2009, 28 from Nothing Ventured, nothing gained risk guidance for people living with dementia, 2010 DOH publication )

positive risk taking
Positive risk taking

Step 1 – Understanding the person’s needs.

Step 2 – Understanding the impact of risks on the person.

Step 3 – Enabling and managing risk.

Step 4 – Risk planning.

Nothing Ventured, nothing gained risk guidance for people living with dementia, 2010 DOH publication

slide20
Justifiable actions to prevent someone from doing something because it is ‘risky’ should only be taken if : -

all reasonable steps have been taken to make the action safe;

reliable assessment methods have been used which consider it unsafe;

information has been collated and thoroughly evaluated;

decisions are recorded, communicated and thoroughly evaluated;

policies and procedures have been followed; and

practitioners and their managers adopt an investigative approach and are proactive.

in relation to risk taking and best interests decisions
In relation to risk taking and best interests decisions:-

Understand your own fears and concerns about risk

Understand the legislation of safeguarding and mental capacity

Identify the real risk level and the benefits of the activity to the person in question

identifying risk and impact
Identifying risk and impact

Source: Nothing Ventured, nothing gained risk guidance for people living with dementia, 2010 DOH publication

risk and quality of life of one example at issue
Risk and quality of life of one example at issue

Source: Nothing Ventured, nothing gained risk guidance for people living with dementia, 2010 DOH publication

Introducing the new identity

slide24
HEAT MAP (Nothing Ventured, nothing gained risk guidance for people living with dementia, 2010 DOH publication)

High

Contribution

to quality

of life

Medium

  • Low

High Medium Low

Risk of harm or quality of life to the individual

practical use
Practical use

Think about someone you work with who might sometimes make unwise decisions, or do things you consider risky

How could the identifying risks and impacts table and the Heat Map be used for people that you work with?

What role could you have in this?

Who else should be involved in identifying risks, and best interests decisions

working with others
Dem 304Enable rights and choices for individuals with dementia whilst minimising risksWorking with others

Introducing the new identity

what information should be shared with others
What information should be shared with others?

What do we mean by confidential information?

When might it be harmful to share information with relatives, other carers or other professions?

When might it be harmful not to share information relatives, other carers or other professions?

involving others in decision making
Involving others in decision making?

Why should family and other significant people be involved in decision making?

What conflicts might there be in relation to agreeing risks, promoting rights and choice and agreeing solutions?

managing concerns and complaints exercise
Managing concerns and complaints - exercise

If a service user is unhappy about a service what would you do?

If a relative is unhappy about a service being delivered what would you do?

exercise
Exercise

How can you maintain privacy and dignity when providing personal and intimate care?

How can you provide choice when providing personal and intimate care?

social aspects to promote dignity and respect
Social aspects to promote dignity and respect

How do we know that a person is showing us respect and treating us in a dignified manner?

How can you apply this to the people that you provide a service for, and their relatives and significant others

slide34
Dem 304 Enable rights and choices for individuals with dementia whilst minimising risksHow physical aspects of the environment enabling care workers to showrespect and dignity for an individual with dementia

Introducing the new identity

physical aspects of the environment and living with dementia
Physical aspects of the environment and living with dementia

Signs: use signs to direct people to things

Colour: use colour contrast to help to identify edges of crockery.

Flooring: changes in flooring can be ‘seen’ differently and interpreted as wet, slippery, steps etc due to changes in processing depth and perception in brain function

Assistive Technology and home adaptations

managing technology
Managing technology

Use simple instructions on, or beside equipment

Use colour contrast on switches (a dark background with light numbers often helps people to see)

Try to encourage use of the equipment to help retain memory

Introducing the new identity

what we have covered today
What we have covered today?

How legislation, policy and procedure affects the way you work with people living with dementia to support their rights and choices, while minimising the risk of harm.

How to maximise the rights and choices of people living with dementia

How to involve carers and others in supporting people with dementia.

To maintain privacy, dignity and respect of individuals with dementia while promoting rights and choices

how will any learning from today s session be put into practice
How will any learning from today’s session be put into practice?
  • Stop: Is there anything that you believe you will stop doing in relation to enabling rights and choices in the future, as a result of today’s workshop, which will improve your practice.
  • Start: Is there anything that you believe you will start doing in relation to enabling rights and choices in the future, as a result of today’s workshop that will improve your practice.
  • Continue What will you continue to do in relation to enabling rights and choices in the future, as a result of today’s workshop that will maintain your practice.

Jacqui Ramus Practice Development Manager