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MUSIC APPRECIATION. Unit 3 – From the Audience’s Perspective. PERCEPTIVE LISTENING. Four Levels of Listening Oblivious (Subconscious)– Music as background noise Emotional (Conscious)– React to the emotion of the music

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    Presentation Transcript
    1. MUSIC APPRECIATION Unit 3 – From the Audience’s Perspective

    2. PERCEPTIVE LISTENING • Four Levels of Listening • Oblivious (Subconscious)– Music as background noise • Emotional (Conscious)– React to the emotion of the music • Perceptive (Analytical)– Listening to answer the question – “What is going on in the music right now?” • Peak (Revelatory)– Combines Perceptive and Emotional – ultimate response to music (“goose bump” feeling) • Each level is valuable for different reasons

    3. LISTEN PERCEPTIVELY • Listen to John Williams’ “Liberty Fanfare” which celebrated the 100 anniversary of the Statue of Liberty • How does the composer command our attention? Write your thoughts in your notebook – Be prepared to discuss your answer • Listen again and answer • 1. Does awareness of what is going on in the music help you to get more out of it? • 2. What is the function of this music? • 3. Who is the intended audience? • 4. Does knowing this help increase your response?

    4. BEING AN AUDIENCE MEMBER • Listening to music in public requires personal attentiveness • Reaction to music should be based on type of music performed, where it is played and how it is being used • Football game • Dance • Orchestra Concert • Rock Concert The music of any style can be listened to with a serious or a light-hearted mood

    5. CATEGORIES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS • Aerophones • Instruments that produce sound by a vibrating column of air • Usually these consist of a pipe made out of wood, metal or plastic with a reed attached • Examples • Flute • Oboe • Clarinet • Sax • Bassoon Also includes brass instruments as well Trumpets, Trombones and Tubas are aerophones

    6. CATEGORIES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS • Idiophones • Simple, solid instruments that produce sound when struck, scraped or shaken • Examples • Gongs • Cymbals • Rattles • Xylophone

    7. CATEGORIES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS • Membranophones • Instruments that make sound when a stretched out skin is struck • Examples • Snare drum • Bongos • Tympani

    8. CATEGORIES OF INSTRUMENTS • Chordophones • Instruments that create sound when a string is struck, plucked or bowed • Examples • Violin • Cello • Guitar • Piano

    9. CATEGORIES OF INSTRUMENTS • Electrophones • Instruments that generate sound from electricity • Examples • Electric Guitar • Electric Bass • Synthesizer

    10. A Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra • Composed in 1946 by English composer Benjamin Britten • Purpose to introduce instruments of the orchestra to students • Theme is based on a melody composed by Englishmen Henry Purcell (lived in 1600s) • Theme is first presented by entire orchestra

    11. A Young Persons…cont. • Next, each section presents the theme • Woodwind Section • Brass Section • String Section • Percussion Section • Full Orchestra

    12. A Young Person’s …cont. • Next, there are several variations played by instruments • Variations change the melody in terms of rhythm, mood, dynamics, etc. • Woodwinds are first • Var. 1Flute and piccolo • Var. 2 Oboe • Var. 3 Clarinet • Var. 4 Bassoon

    13. A Young Person’s …cont. • Next set of variations feature the strings • Var. 5 Violins • Var. 6 Violas • Var. 7 Cellos • Var. 8 Double basses • Var. 9 Harp

    14. A Young Person’s …cont. • The brasses are featured next • Var. 10 French horns • Var. 11 Trumpets • Var. 12 Trombones and Tubas

    15. A Young Person’s …cont. • Percussion is featured in Vat. 13 • Tympani, bass drum, snare drum • Tambourine, triangle, wood block • Xylophone • Castanets and gong • Whip • Entire ensemble

    16. A Young Person’s…cont. • A new tune is played by piccolo • The other instruments enter, each playing the same tune • After woodwinds, strings, brass and percussion have their turns, the theme returns in the brass and the piece concludes Composer Benjamin Britten

    17. UNIT 3 PROJECT • Create a 5 slide power point presentation on the instrument of your choosing • You may work with a partner • Be sure to include at least four different pictures of your instrument Your slides should contain 1. Range of the instrument 2. Brief history of the instrument 3. Uses of the instrument 4. Classification of the instrument 5. How the instrument is played

    18. IDENTIFY INSTRUMENTS • Directions: Listen to the following musical excerpts and identify all the timbres and instruments producing the sound you hear. Then, classify the instruments according to the appropriate category(ies). (All five are represented)

    19. COMPARE PERFORMANCES • Listen to two versions of Bach’s Toccata in D Minor and determine which you like best • Determine which category fits each version. Write each description and place an “O” if it describes the organ version or “S” if it describes the symphony version • 1. Obvious contrast of dynamics (loud and soft) • 2. Use of crescendo/decrescendo • 3. Tempo (beat) is steady • 4. Variations in tempo (ritardando) • 5. Smooth almost sluggish articulation • 6. Crisp articulation • 7. Limited dynamic range • 8. Expansive dynamic range • 9. Limited tone color • 10. Expansive range of tone color

    20. COMPARE PERFORMACES II • Answer the following questions in your notebook • 1. Bach might have performed his Toccata on the organ of St. Thomas Church in Leipzig. This long, narrow and high building had a reverberation (echo) of 3.5 seconds. How does Stakowski take that phenomenon into consideration in his orchestral transcription? • 2. Bach, who was acknowledged as the greatest improviser of his day, probably created this brilliant Toccata on the spot as a prelude or recessional to the religious service. How does Stakowski’s transcription, which was intended for the concert hall, take away from or add to the sacred and mystical character of the composition?