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Chronic Disease Policy in Barbados: analysis and evaluation of policy initiatives . Promoting Healthy Living in the Americas: Multi-sectoral Interventions to reduce health risks factors Washington, DC, November 18th, 2013

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chronic disease policy in barbados analysis and evaluation of policy initiatives

Chronic Disease Policy in Barbados: analysis and evaluation of policy initiatives

Promoting Healthy Living in the Americas: Multi-sectoral Interventions to reduce health risks factors

Washington, DC, November 18th, 2013

Trevor Hassell, MBBS, FRCP, FACC. Chairman National NCD Commission, Barbados

ncd policies barbados
NCD policies - Barbados
  • Barbados National Strategic Plan for Health, 2002-2012
  • Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Chronic NCDs, 2004
  • Strategic Plan for the National Chronic Non Communicable Disease Commission, 2009 – 2012
  • Regional and international commitments, plans and declarations
outline
Outline
  • Challenges and opportunities in the design and implementation of multi-sectoral NCD policies
  • Strategies used to involve stakeholders in the implementation of these policies /activities
  • Next steps in the future implementation of multi-sectoral policies
  • Concluding remarks
challenges and opportunities in the design and implementation of multi sectoral ncd policies
Challenges and opportunities in the design and implementation of multi-sectoral NCD policies
  • An analysis of The National NCD Commission Barbados

TA Hassell, Chairman of the NCD Commission

  • Chronic Disease Policy in Barbados: Analysis and Evaluation of Policy Initiatives.

C Guell, TA Samuels, TA Hassell and N Unwin

  • Personal observations
challenges to ncd policy implementation government
Challenges to NCD policy implementation - Government
  • Apparent low priority by Non health sectors of Government
  • NCDs not fully incorporated in National Development agenda
  • Linkage between NCDs and climate change, saving of foreign exchange, greening of Barbados and energy conservation not recognised
  • NCD policy and stakeholder action not significantly informed by National NCD Surveillance data
  • Perceived communication gap between Ministry of Health and health NGOs
  • Nonexistence of a National NCD communication plan
  • Absence of an NCD health economist
challenges to ncd policy implementation civil society
Challenges to NCD policy implementation – Civil society
  • NGOs often lack the capacity to contribute effectively
  • Absence of a strong tradition of health advocacy
  • NGOs consider themselves to be on the periphery of policymaking
  • Insufficient information about evidenced based best practice by NGOs
  • Limited monitoring and reporting by health NGOs
  • Absence of tradition of collaboration between often competing disease specific NGOs
  • NCD effort not prioritised by non-health sectors of civil society – a few exceptions
challenges to ncd policy implementation private sector
Challenges to NCD policy implementation - Private Sector
  • Not appreciative of their role in addressing the NCD challenge
  • Not aware of the financial cost of NCDs to their companies
  • Priority given to financial issues at the expense of NCD engagement
opportunities 1
Opportunities - 1
  • Very high level of awareness of policy makers and the public on the health burden imposed by NCDs
  • Genuine political commitment and formulation of strategic policy frameworks by Ministry of Health to address NCDs
  • Since 2002 the need for multi-sector response has been recognised by Government
  • Longstanding commitment to surveillance by Ministry of Health
  • Chronic Disease Research Centre, plays a major role in raising awareness
  • Regional civil society alliance formed to contribute to the response to NCDs
opportunities 2
Opportunities - 2
  • Inclusion of the issue of NCDs in Protocol VI of the Social Partnership - a permanent arrangement of government, labour and private sector in the Barbados governance structure
  • NCD medication provided free of cost at point of use - National Drug Service
  • Barbados has been signatory to, and actively participated at the regional and international level in the multi-stakeholder approach
  • A mechanism established 5 years ago to effect a multi-stakeholder approach to NCDs – the National NCD Commission
national ncd commission
National NCD Commission
  • Established in 2007
  • Appointed by the Minister of Health and Cabinet of Barbados
  • Multi-sectoral: government, civil society and private sector representation (education, agriculture, academia, retired persons, health NGOs, business community, labour union, physical activity, media, medical and nursing professions, private health insurance sector and Faith based)
  • Technical support provided by the staff of the Ministry of Health
  • Funding provided out of the budget of the Health Promotion Unit, Ministry of Health
  • Terms of Reference
the commission s terms of reference
The Commission’s Terms of Reference
  • Advisethe Minister of Health on NCD policies and legislation
  • Brokerand promoteeffective involvement in programmeimplementation
  • Assistin the mobilization of resources.
  • Recommend relevant research and education programmes
  • Promotecollaboration and partnerships
  • Reviewthe National Strategic Plan for Health
  • Monitorregional and international trends
  • Assistthe Ministry of Health in commissioning studies
  • Recommendto the Minister of Health a legal, policy and service framework that encourages and promotes behaviour change and the prevention of NCDs.
strategies
Strategies
  • Multi-sectoral collaboration
  • Policy recommendation
  • Stimulation of behavioural change to effect risk factor reduction
  • Public education and outreach
  • Advocacy and facilitating the national dialogue
  • Over-arching focal point for all matters related to NCDs at the National level
promoting healthy living multi stakeholder interventions
Promoting healthy living: multi-stakeholder interventions
  • Legislation to ban sale of tobacco to minors
  • Legislation to prohibit smoking in public places
  • Provision of tax concessions for healthy lifestyle interventions
  • Public education: “The Get Healthy Barbados” television series and Public service advertisements
  • Consultations with school canteen operators, itinerant vendors and the manufacturing sector
  • Inclusion of the issue of NCDs in Protocol VI of the Social Partnership
promoting healthy living multi stakeholder interventions1
Promoting healthy living: multi-stakeholder interventions
  • National consultation on NCDs
  • Presentations to staff of Ministry of Foreign Affairs and to various Sub-Committees of Cabinet of Barbados
  • Oversight of the Barbados National Registry
    • Advocacy
    • Quality control
    • Promotion
  • Active engagement in Caribbean Wellness Day
  • National Nutrition Improvement and Population Salt Reduction Programme
slide15

Promoting Healthy Living: multi-stakeholder intervention

  • Seminars
  • PSAs
  • Meetings with food producers
  • Advertisements on buses
  • Nutrition booklet for schools

Salt the Difficult Choice

Raise Awareness

Health of the Nation Study

  • Publication and funding of No Salt booklet for opinion Leaders
  • Drink & food reformulation

Reduce Salt in Food

Improve Labelling

  • Educational Outreach
next steps
Next steps
  • Finalisation by the NCD Commission of National NCD Strategic Plan 2013- 2016
  • Review of NCD Commissions at a Regional NCD Multi-stakeholder meeting, 22nd November 2013
  • Review of the role of a regional NCD civil society alliance (HCC) to determine how best that organisation may contribute to facilitating the involvement of stakeholders at the country level in NCD Policy
  • In-depth assessment of effectiveness of NCD policies and programmes
  • Appointment of NCD Health economist
  • Secure funds to develop and promote a comprehensive long-term national multi-sector approach to NCDs
  • Host a National NCD consultation to determine and obtain commitments of stakeholders to further NCD policy action
concluding remarks
Concluding Remarks
  • Much has been achieved: much needs to be done
  • For the most part stakeholders are aware of the adverse health and to a lesser extent development impact of NCDs
  • Challenge to translate knowledge into action leading to full incorporation of the NCD response into the National development agenda by:
      • Greater political leadership, including appropriate policies and enactment and enforcement of legislation
      • More effective initiatives by strengthened, better informed, and empowered civil society
      • Increased commitment by private sector to create healthy workplaces
      • Greater technical and financial support of international organisations and donor agencies to all sectors in the response to NCDs