History of Management. The Evolution of Management Thought. History of Management. Ancient examples of good management Medieval Example of assembly line Industrial Revolution prompts study of Management and writings concerning how to manage effectively and efficiently. (Trans. 6).
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The Evolution of Management Thought
Ancient examples of good management
Medieval Example of assembly line
Industrial Revolution prompts study of Management and writings concerning how to manage effectively and efficiently
The Practice of Management has gone on through history but formal study and writing has mainly taken place in the last 100 years.
The Universal Process Approach or Administrative Management Approach
Universal process approach: The administration of all organizations, public or private or large or small, requires the same rational process.
Henri Fayol’s Five Universal Functions (also called processes ) of Management--POC3
Scientific management: “that kind of management which conducts a business or affairs by standards established by facts or truths gained through systematic observation, experiment, or reasoning.”
Taylor’s Scientific Management Contributions
Some Modern Assumptions about People
1. Work is a natural activity, like play or rest.
2. People are capable of self-direction and self-control if they are committed to objectives.
3. People will become committed to organizational objectives if they are rewarded for doing so.
4. The average person can learn to both accept and seek responsibility.
5. Many people in the general population have imagination, ingenuity, and creativity.
System:a collection of parts operating interdependently to achieve a common purpose.
General systems theory: an interdisciplinary area of study based on the assumption that everything is part of a larger, interdependent arrangement.
“Functions of Executive” --- This 1938 book stated that all organizations are cooperative systems whose elements must have a willingness to serve, have a common purpose, and must communicate to work together
Closed system:a self-sufficient entity.
Open system: an entity that depends on the surrounding environment for survival.
1. What role does open-system thinking play in your life?
2. Why should managers view modern organization as open systems?
Attributes of Excellence: A Modern Unconventional Approach
1. A bias for action
2. Close to the customer
3. Autonomy and entrepreneurship
4. Productivity through people
5. Hands-on, value driven
6. Stick to the knitting
7. Simple form, lean staff
8. Simultaneous loose-tight properties
Joke about book “One Minute Manager” asks what do you do the other 59 minutes.
MBBS syndrome - Management By Best Seller-- Companies using MBBS approach may be unfocused and have:
1. Remain current.
2. Look for scientific support.
3. Experiment with new concepts.
4. Be skeptical and analyze apparently simple solutions.
5. Study linkages between current action and future results.