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Pre-industrial political power system: C 9 th -15 th A.D. : Feudalism: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Historically , why did developing countries fail to advance in their economic development while AICs advanced? World System Theory explains: Power structure: Colonialism/Imperialism Unequal Trade relations: Core vs. periphery Technology: Manual/Industrial ODL/NDL based on:

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Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

  • Historically, why did developing countries fail to advance in their economic development while AICs advanced?

  • World System Theory explains:

    • Power structure: Colonialism/Imperialism

    • Unequal Trade relations: Core vs. periphery

    • Technology: Manual/Industrial

    • ODL/NDL based on:

      • Racist ideology: Subjection/Dominance

      • Investment: Labour/Capital


Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

  • Pre-industrial political power system:

    • C 9th -15th A.D. : Feudalism:

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qVklEUhSfIc

    • A system of political organization

    • Elite called a "lord" controlled the land

    • Common peasants, called "vassals" tilled the

    • lord’s land

    • These peasants were serfs and served as

    • warriors in the lord’s army


Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

  • 18th C: Two major forces

    • Colonialism

    • Industrial revolution

  • 19th C– mid 20th C:

    • Colonial capitalism

  • Later 20th C :

    • Neo-liberalism

    • Communication Revolution

    • Global Corporate capitalism


Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

  • 18th C Industrial revolution affected:

    • one-third of the world's population.

  • 21st C Communication Revolution affects:

    • much of the global population


  • Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialism gave rise to global colonialism:

    • Colonial exploitation increased the colonizers’

    • wealth through industrial revolution followed by:

    • Rise of the Nation State

    • Separation of the state from church

    • Rule of Law (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XAJVu9LK7WE)

    • Controlling Power: Taxes and Military replaced feudal serfdom

    • Capital accumulation (from 19 C)


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialists:

      • Established their colonies

      • Military & political control

      • Economic exploitation of colonial land and

      • labour


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/1907powr.htm

    Imperialism and the Balance of Power


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialism led to :

    • Colonialism

    • Industrial revolution :

    • Rise of the Nation State:

    • Separation of the state from church

    • Rule of Law

    • Taxes and military replaced feudal serfdom

    • Capital accumulation (from 19 C)


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Colonialism (15th – 20thC)

    • A system in which a state claims

    • sovereignty over territory and

    • people outside its own boundaries.


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    1939

    http://www.mcps.k12.md.us/departments/isa/ninvest/imperial/impandworld.htm#bargraphs


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    1939

    http://www.mcps.k12.md.us/departments/isa/ninvest/imperial/impandworld.htm#bargraphs


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • What was the colonialist ideology?

    • Ideology of “White Man’s Burden”

      • “Cultural superiority of the West”

      • Rejection of the uniqueness of each country’s social and political culture


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    The White Man's Burden (R. Kipling’s poem)

    Take up the White Man's burden--Send forth the best ye breed--Go bind your sons to exileTo serve your captives' need;To wait in heavy harness,On fluttered folk and wild--Your new-caught, sullen peoples,Half-devil and half-child.

    (7 stanzas)

    http://www.kipling.org.uk/rg_burden1.htm


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Colonialist ideology of Racial Superiority

    • What is White Man’s Burden?

      • It suggests that White people have a duty to rule over other ethnic/ cultural groups for advancing their cultural development by adopting the superior western values.


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • White Man’s Burden (cont’d)

      • A racist view of non-European people as childlike and demonic

      • a metaphor for a condescending view of non-Western cultures & economic traditions

      • Emphasizes European ascendancy and dominance known as "cultural imperialism".



    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    The white man's burden - a satirical view

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_White_Man's_Burden


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialism led to :

    • Colonialism

    • Industrial revolution :

    • Rise of the Nation State:

    • Separation of the state from church

    • Rule of Law

    • Taxes and military replaced feudal serfdom

    • Capital accumulation (from 19 C)


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Industrial revolution

      • Begins in 18th C

      • Establishment of the capitalist economy

      • Colonialism:

    • http://www.public.iastate.edu/~cfford/342WorldHistoryModern.html

    • Industrial revolution dates and inventions:

    http://www.victorianweb.org/technology/ir/irchron.html


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialism led to :

    • Colonialism

    • Industrial revolution :

    • Rise of the Nation State:

    • Separation of the state from church

    • Rule of Law

    • Taxes and military replaced feudal serfdom

    • Capital accumulation (from 19 C)


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • What is a nation state?

      • A state with a single national identity,

      • e.g.: In Switzerland and U.S.A: national identity despite religious, ethnic, or linguistic differences


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialism led to :

    • Colonialism

    • Industrial revolution :

    • Rise of the Nation State:

    • Separation of the state from church

    • Rule of Law

    • Taxes and military replaced feudal serfdom

    • Capital accumulation (from 19 C)


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    Separation of church and state:

    The spheres of power of organized religion and the nation state are distinctly separated by conventions and judicial decisions:

    Thomas Jefferson (A Founding Father of the US) wrote in his letter to the Danbury Baptists Association in 1802: "wall of separation between church and state,"


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    Separation of church and state around the world.

    • States with no state religions

    • States with state religions

    • States with ambiguous data or no data

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Separation_of_church_and_state#Ancient_history


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialism led to :

    • Colonialism

    • Industrial revolution :

    • Rise of the Nation State:

    • Separation of the state from church

    • Rule of Law

    • Taxes and military replaced feudal serfdom

    • Capital accumulation (from 19 C)


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Rule of law: (as a term, used since the 17th C)

      • No one is above the law


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialism led to :

    • Colonialism

    • Industrial revolution :

    • Rise of the Nation State:

    • Separation of the state from church

    • Rule of Law

    • Taxes and military replaced feudal serfdom

    • Capital accumulation (from 19 C)



    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    Government Revenues in the Early 20th Century: (see, Map)

    The size of the flag shows the relative size of the government's income

    http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/frnc-emp.htm


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    Africa in the Early Twentieth Century (see, Map)

    http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/afri1914.htm


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Imperialism led to : (see, Map)

    • Colonialism

    • Industrial revolution :

    • Rise of the Nation State:

    • Separation of the state from church

    • Rule of Law

    • Taxes and military replaced feudal serfdom

    • Capital accumulation (from 19 C)


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Emerging Countries, (see, Map)e.g., India & China:

    • For 18 centuries until 1820, they produced 80% of world GDP

    • 18th C: Colonialism and Europe’s hegemony - In 1950 their share fell to 40%.

    • Past 10 yrs: Rapid growth of their share of capital flows and trade in world market


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • China and India: (see, Map)

    • Re-Emerging economies

    • 2013: EM share of global GDP 56.5% (estimate).

    • From the 21stC: the world's two biggest economies.

    http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2011/020711.htm


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2011/06/straight.htmhttp://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2011/06/straight.htm


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Purchasing power parity (PPP) http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2011/06/straight.htm

    • A formula for comparing the purchasing power of different currencies

    • How?: It estimates the extent to which the exchange rate between countries have to be adjusted according to its currency’s purchasing power.

    • Why?: To measure the equivalence (parity) of currencies in terms of their purchasing power, i.e.

      • How much money would be needed to purchase the same goods and services in different countries?

      • When PPP rate is used, the amount of a country’s money thus has the same purchasing power in that country compared to that in other countries.


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    GDP and GDP growth rate 2010http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2011/06/straight.htm

    http://www.tradingeconomics.com/Billing/Analytics.aspx?Source=RankButtonInChart


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Market economy:http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2011/06/straight.htm

      • primarily relies on interactions between buyers and sellers to allocate resources

    • World Market :

      • Commodity traded globally

      • Trade based on supply and demand

      • Bid for buying


    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    • Unequal trade relationshttp://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2011/06/straight.htm

      • Tariff barriers

      • Non Tariff barriers



    Pre industrial political power system c 9 th 15 th a d feudalism

    Burkina Faso cotton growers protest low prices, French Holding company & the State Apr 28, 2011

    http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE73R06L20110428