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The Ethnic Diversity Managemement in the EU: a Paradigmatic Change?. Ahmed Hamila Department of Political Science Université de Montréal State of the UE in Canada European Union Centre of Excellence University of Victoria, Victoria (BC) July 16-18.
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The Ethnic Diversity Managemement in the EU: a Paradigmatic Change? Ahmed Hamila Department of Political Science Université de Montréal State of the UE in Canada European Union Centre of Excellence University of Victoria, Victoria (BC) July 16-18
“The enlarged EU is more than ever home for people of diverse cultures, traditions and beliefs […] a shift is needed from ‘multicultural’ to ‘intercultural’ societies if we are to make the most of the cultural diversity.” Commissioner Ján Figel, Member of the European Commission responsible for Education, Training, Culture and Youth (2008)
Is there a paradigmatic change in the way the EU manage the ethnicminorities? Hypotheses: • There is NOT a paradigmatic change regarding the protection of individualswithethnicbelonging • There is a paradigmatic change regarding the protection of ethnicminority groups
Plan • Two dimensions of ethnicdiversity management (individuals/groups) • Differentlevel of change (settings/instruments/paradigm)
Part 1: Two dimensions of ethnic diversity management • Protection of individualswithethnicbelonging • Protection of ethnicminority groups Non-discrimination Multiculturalism ⇒ Interculturalism
Dimension 1: Protection of individuals with ethnic belonging • 1997: Treaty of Amsterdam (EU) • 2000: Directive 2000/43/CE and Directive 2000/78/ CE (Council of the EU) • 2001-2006: Action programme to combat discrimination (Council of the EU) • 2004: Green Paper on equality and non-discrimination in an enlarged EU (European Commission) • 2008: Framework decision 2008/913/JHA (Council of the EU)
Dimension 2: Protection of ethnic minority groups • February1995: Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (Council of Europe) • February 2006: Recommendations on Policing in Multi-Ethnic Societies (OSCE) • May 2008: White Paper on Intercultural Dialogue (Council of Europe) • 2008: European year of Intercultural Dialogue (European Commission)
Part 2: A paradigmatic Change? Policy Paradigms, Social Learning, and the State (1993), Peter Hall First-order change: settings Second-order change: instruments Third-order change: paradigm
Dimension 1: Protection of individuals with ethnic belonging First-order change: • Precision of legislativetools Second-order change: • More bindinglegislativetools • New actorsinvested Third-order change: • No third-order change
Dimension 2: Protection of ethnic minority groups First-order change: • Broadercategories of protection (national minorities and ethnicminorities) Second-order change: • Legislative and non-legislativestools • Domain change (fromsecurity to social cohesion) • New actorsinvested Third-order change: • Frommulticulturalism to interculturalism
Conclusion Is there a paradigmatic change in the way the EU manage the ethnic minorities? No, there is NOT a paradigmatic change regarding the protection of individuals with ethnic belonging (but there are first and second order changes) Yes, there is a paradigmatic change regarding the protection of ethnic minority groups