Exploring Canterbury A Study of The Canterbury Tales
Table of Contents • The Journey Begins . . . • England in the Middle Ages • Focus question • Geoffrey Chaucer • The Canterbury Tales • Travelers to Canterbury • Chaucer’s Middle Ages Population • Works Cited
The Journey Begins . . . In October 1066, a daylong battle near Hastings, England, changed the course of history.
England in the Middle Ages • Feudalism replaced the Nordic social system. • The primary duty of males above the serf class was to serve in the military—Knighthood. • Women had no political rights. • Chivalry and courtly love served as the system of social codes
England in the Middle Ages • Lower, middle, and upper-middle classes developed in the cities.
England in the Middle Ages • The Crusades extended from 1095-1270. • They brought contact with Eastern mathematics, astronomy, architecture, and crafts.
England in the Middle Ages • The Magna-Carta defeated papal central power.
England in the Middle Ages • The Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) was the first national war waged by England.
England in the Middle Ages • The Black Death (1348-1349) brought the end of the Middle Ages. Fleas on rats carried the bubonic plague which killed thousands of people. in Europe.
How do the writings of the Middle Ages represent the lives, loves, loyalties, and humor of humanity? Discover the answer by reading The Canterbury Tales and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.
Geoffrey Chaucerc. 1343-1400 • Considered the father of English poetry • Wrote in the vernacular • Served as a soldier, government servant, and member of Parliament • Introduced iambic pentameter • First writer buried in Westminster Abbey Learn more about Chaucer. Go to. . . http://www.unc.edu/depts/chaucer/index.html
The Canterbury Tales: Snapshot of an Age • It frames a story of characters on a religious pilgrimage to Canterbury. • The characters are a concise portrait of an entire nation. • The pilgrimage is a quest narrative that moves from images of spring and awakening to penance, death, and eternal life. • The characters tell stories that reflect “everyman” in the universal pilgrimage of life.
Working Class Plowman Cook Miller Reeve Host Haberdasher Dyer Carpenter Weaver Carpetmaker The Travelers to Canterbury
Professional Class Military Religious Secular Knight, Squire, Yeoman Nun, 3 Priests, Friar, Parson, Pardoner, Summoner Cleric, Serjeant at Law, Merchant, Skipper, Doctor The Travelers to Canterbury
Upper Class Wife of Bath Franklin The Travelers to Canterbury
Works Cited Home • Brown, Ian. “The Green Knight.” 2002. May 16, 2003 <http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/gawmenu.htm>. • “Geoffrey Chaucer.” Elements of Literature Sixth Course. Ed. Robert R. Hoyt. Austin, 1977. T99. • Pyle, Howard. “Sir Gawain the Son of Lot, King of Orkney.” 1903. May 16, 2003 <http://wwwlib.rochester.edu/camelot/gawmenu.htm>. • “The Canterbury Tales: A Snapshot of an Age.” Elements of Literature Sixth Course. Ed. Robert R. Hoyt. Austin, 1977. T101-T104.