Complete Sentences and Sentence Fragments - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Complete Sentences and Sentence Fragments

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  1. Complete Sentences and Sentence Fragments

  2. Since he came to New York.Because my dog loves it.Unless you see me. Is there anything wrong with these sentences? All of these sentences end too quickly. After reading these sentences, the reader asks questions because he/she needs more information.

  3. These sentences have incomplete ideas and end too quickly. They are called sentence fragments.

  4. Take a look at the following sentences: I slept. Jim flew the plane. He cried. • Are these sentence fragments? • The answer is no. Now, you may ask, “These last three sentences are shorter than the first three. Why aren’t the last three sentence fragments?” That’s a great question…

  5. A sentence fragment has nothing to do with size or amount of words. A sentence fragment is a sentence that is incomplete. A complete sentence contains:

  6. Take a look at this sentence:I hit the ball. • Subject = I • Verb = hit • Is it a complete idea? Yes • Therefore, this is a good sentence. 

  7. Another example:Birds fly. • Subject = Birds • Verb = fly • Is it a complete idea? Yes • Therefore, this is a good sentence. 

  8. Another example:I take. • Subject = I • Verb = take • Is it a complete idea? No • What did you take? The sentence is not a complete thought. 

  9. What's a sentence fragment? A sentence fragment is a sentence that lacks a subject or verb, or it does not contain a complete idea. Can run to the market Eloise on the bus If you

  10. Another possibility…Murray takes the train to school Mom rides the bus. • Subject = Murray AND Mom • Verb = takes AND rides • Is it a complete idea? It is TWO complete ideas. • Therefore, this is a run-on sentence. 

  11. How do you fix a sentence fragment? There are 3 methods you can use…

  12. Method 1: Attach the sentence fragment to another sentence. That other sentence could be before or after the sentence fragment.

  13. Method 2: Add a subject, verb, or both to make the sentence complete.

  14. Method 3: Take away the word or phrase that makes it a sentence fragment.

  15. PracticeThe following paragraph contains five sentence fragments. Find the sentence fragments and circle them. Then correct them using one of the above three methods. Write your corrections underneath the paragraph. After I had gotten up. I ate my breakfast. While I was eating breakfast. I heard a squeaking sound at my door. It was a little puppy that was crying. I wept. It was really cute. That I picked it up and took it inside in order to give the puppy a big bowl of warm milk and a soft blanket. I took the day off so that I could take him to the veterinarian. The vet told me he was fine. Because I had given him what he needed: milk and a warm blanket. He still needed a home. I asked all my friends to take him. They wanted the little guy. However, they couldn't keep pets in their apartments. By the time we got home. Now, he is my pet and friend.

  16. PracticePossible answers: (After I had gotten up),I ate my breakfast.(While I was eating breakfast),I heard a squeaking sound at my door. It was a little puppy that was crying. I wept. It was really cute.(ThatI picked it up and took it inside in order to give the puppy a big bowl of warm milk and a soft blanket.)I took the day off so that I could take him to the veterinarian. The vet told me he was fine.(because I had given him what he needed: milk and a warm blanket). He still needed a home. I asked all my friends to take him. They wanted the little guy. However, they couldn't keep pets in their apartments.(By the time we got home), he was happy. Now, he is my pet and friend.