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4.1 – Classifying Triangles
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  1. 4.1 – Classifying Triangles

  2. Triangles • A polygon with three sides. • The corners are called vertices • A triangle with vertices A, B, and C is called “triangle ABC” or “

  3. Classifying Triangles by Sides

  4. Classifying Triangles by Angles

  5. Example 1:Classify triangles by sides and angles a) b) c) 7 40° 15° 25 24 70° 70° 120° 45° • Solutions: • Scalene, Right • Isosceles, Acute • Scalene, Obtuse

  6. Example 2:Classify triangles by sides and angles Now you try… a) b) c) 5 110° 3 5 5 4 5

  7. Review: The distance formula To find the distance between two points in the coordinate plane…

  8. Classify PQOby its sides. Then determine if the triangle is a right triangle. Use the distance formula to find the side lengths. STEP1 2 2 – – ( ( ) ) OP = + + 2 2 – – ( ( ) ) y x x y y y x x 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 ( – ( ) (– 1 ) ) 0 2 – 0 2.2 + = = 5 OQ = 2 2 ( – ( ) 6 ) 0 – 0 3 6.7 + = = 45 EXAMPLE 3 Classify a triangle in a coordinate plane SOLUTION

  9. PQ = 2 2 ( – ) 6 (– 1 ) ) 3 – ( 2 7.1 + = = Check for right angles by checking the slopes. There is a right angle in the triangle if any of the slopes are perpendicular. STEP2 The slope ofOPis 2 – 0 3 – 0 1 . – 2. The slope ofOQis = = – 2 – 0 2 6 – 0 2 – ( ) + 2 – ( ) so OPOQand POQ is a right angle. y y x x 1 1 2 2 50 ANSWER Therefore, PQOis a right scalene triangle. EXAMPLE 3 Classify a triangle in a coordinate plane (continued)

  10. Example 4:Classify a triangle in the coordinate plane Now you try… Classify ΔABC by its sides. Then determine if the triangle is a right triangle. The vertices are A(0,0), B(3,3) and C(-3,3). Step 1: Plot the points in the coordinate plane.

  11. Example 4: (continued)Classify a triangle in the coordinate plane Step 2: Use the distance formula to find the side lengths: AB = BC = CA = Therefore, ΔABC is a ______________ triangle.

  12. Example 4: (continued)Classify a triangle in the coordinate plane Step 3: Check for right angles by checking the slopes. The slope of = The slope of = The slope of = Therefore, ΔABC is a ______________ triangle.