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More Milk in Tanzania ( MoreMilkiT ) Overview and context of ‘ Maziwa Zaidi ’. A. Omore and L. Kurwijila. Presentation at Project Review and Planning and Steering Committee Meeting 17 March 2014. Our Motivation. Maziwa Zaidi.

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slide1
More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Overview and context of ‘MaziwaZaidi’

A. Omore and L. Kurwijila

Presentation at Project Review and Planning and

Steering Committee Meeting

17 March 2014

slide2

Our Motivation

MaziwaZaidi

Trends show the regions milk industry is growing rapidly (40% of Africa’s production)

Significant opportunities exist for smallholders

Research solutions are needed totransform the livestock sector

More investments are required to take successes to scale

Acting now, together and coherently,we can create a vibrant dairy sector and exploit it as a pathway out of poverty

Sourc: ASARECA/IFPRI Report #150

slide3

Contributions to GDP growth in EA shows more opportunities in milk than other ag sector commodities

(US$ million)

Source: ASARECA/IFPRI Report #150

background

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Background
  • Smallholder dairy VC R&D engagement since Jan 2012
  • Strong focus on pro-poor marginalised pre-commercial men and women
  • Aim is to provide proof-of-concept on how marginalised groups can also be targeted successfully
  • Details on background & documentation available at these websites:
    • http://livestock-fish.wikispaces.com/VCD+Tanzania
    • http://moremilkit.wikispaces.com/Events+and+meetings
    • http://livestockfish.cgiar.org/focus/tanzania/
objectives derived from asds and irish aid tanzania csp

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Objectives (derived from ASDS and Irish Aid Tanzania CSP

Goal:

Inclusive growth and reduced poverty and vulnerability among dairy-dependent livelihoods in relevant rural areas in Tanzania

Outcome:

Rural poor are more income secure through enhanced access to demand-led dairy market business services and viable organisational options, and low-income consumers have better access to affordable milk.

contributing objectives over 5 yrs

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Contributing Objectives over 5 yrs
  • Develop scalable value chains approaches with improved organization and institutions serving resource-poor male and female smallholder dairy households
  • Generate and communicate evidence on business and organizational options for increasing participation of resource-poor male and female households in dairy value chains
  • Inform policy on appropriate role for pro-poor smallholder-based informal sector value chains in dairy sector development
addressing 4 inter related problems that face resource poor milk producers
Addressing 4 inter-related problems that face resource-poor milk producers
  • Dominant direct sales of small volumes by smallholder producers that preclude economies of scale
  • Credit facilities for basic inputs and services or working capital are lacking. This discourages investment to improve productivity
  • Lack of appropriate organizational models for pre-commercial producers (complexcooperative models and technology-driven solutions have largely failed, especially applies in extensive areas)
  • Seasonality of rainfall and related effects are strong
key messages on identified entry points
Key messages on identified entry points

Validity of the need to focus attention on ‘growing’ the existing informal system of milk production (with zebu cattle) and marketing to extend the frontiers of commercial dairying

Organizational models to achieve economies of scale for access to inputs and services required to unleash incentives for raised productivity to levels that will justify bulking

This is riskier than classical approaches but more inclusive in ensuring wider impact on marginalised

Policy support for pro-poor shift is required

plans to achieve objectives 2013 16

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Plans to achieve objectives: 2013-16

Pilot is targeting 30 villages with 4800 cattle keepers across 4 districts:

1. Develop scalable value chains approaches with improved organization and institutions

  • Output 1.1 Vibrant, well organized, and sustainable DMHs delivering demand-led inputs and services developed (Led by Heifer & FAIDA Mali)
    • Establish DMHs:
    • Operate the DMHs:
  • Output 1.2 DMHs governance strategies strengthened through non-formal trainings (Led by Heifer and FM, with support from SNV)
    • Strengthening actors and their organisations
  • Output 1.3 DMHs assessments undertaken and used for improving the performance of dairy value chains
        • DMHs assessments (e.g., adapting and applying stage-gating tool) - serving development pilot in real-time
plans to achieve objectives 2013 161

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Plans to achieve objectives: 2013-16

2. Generate and communicate evidence on business and organizational options

  • Output 2.1 DMHs act as platforms for generating and communicating evidence on business and organisational options for increased participation of resource poor men and women in the dairy value chains
      • Targeted research: serving development pilot in real-time
      • Gender analysis andgender mainstreaming of DMHs
  • Output 2.2 Value chain governance strategies strengthened to generate, package, and communicate information critical to DHMs rollout
      • Improving quality assurance services and communication (Led by TDB)
  • Output 2.3 Evidence of DMHs as viable and sustainable dairy value chain development models generated and communicated
      • Assessment of the efficiency of integrating small-scale informal value chain into the formal and development of scaling out strategies
      • Delivery of learning products - serving development pilot in real-time
plans to achieve objectives 2013 162

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Plans to achieve objectives: 2013-16

Cross-cutting Monitoring, Learning and Evaluation framework

3. Inform policy on appropriate role for pro-poor smallholder-based informal sector value chains in dairy sector development

  • Output 3.1 Lessons for sustainable value chain development through evidence-based research, monitoring and evaluation, and recommendations for scaling out developed and disseminated
      • Generation and communication of evidence and lessons
      • Advocacy
      • Final evaluation
hubs for piloting in the tanzania context

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Hubs for piloting in the Tanzania context

Dairy Market Hubs (DMHs) with emphasis on improving access to inputs and services through business development services (BDS) and check-off arrangements:

a) DMHs revolving around chilling plants or accessing them (if under-utilized) through transport arrangements that provide both outputs marketing and inputs and services through check-offs;

b) DMHs revolving around check-offs for inputs and services provided through milk traders; and

c) DMHs revolving around check-offs for inputs and services provided through cattle traders.

linkages to germinate and grow dairy market hubs led by heifer faida with support from snv

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Linkages to ‘germinate’ and ‘grow’ dairy market hubs (Led by Heifer & FAIDA, with support from SNV)

Illustration of a dairy market hub for provision of inputs and services on pay-off arrangements where there no without collective bulking and marketing

slide16

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Criteria for becoming a dairy market hub

slide17

More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT) Project

Linkages to improve milk quality in informal markets

(led by TDB)

Milk Trader

Training & certification of competence

Certification/Licensing

Cess fee

Fee

Training

guides

Hygienic

cans

Training Service Providers(BDS)

Accreditation & monitoring

Regulatory Authority

Reporting

slide18

Design of integrated R4D to extend the frontiers of dairy value chains to achieve wider impact

  • Addressing the whole value chain with downstream emphasis

Intervention with development partner

Value chain development team + research partners

  • Strategic Cross-cutting Platforms
  • Technology Generation (Feed, genetics, health
  • Market Innovation
  • Targeting & Impact (includes gender)

Cross-cutting: M&E, communications, capacity building

Consumers

INTERVENTIONS TO SCALE OUT NATIONALLY

slide19
Range of partnerships and engagements
  • 1. Strategic Research Partnerships
    • SUA
    • TALIRI
      • Reinforced by CGIAR and ARIs partnerships
  • 2. Development Partnerships
    • Servicing the system: Heifer and SNV
    • From the system: TDB, FAIDA MaLi
  • 3. Mechanisms for strengthening relationships
    • DDF
    • Local area platforms
slide20
Piloting actions on the ground has started

R&D partnerships formed have mobilized value chain actors in readiness for piloting of interventions

slide21
DDF is evolving as a catalyst of policy dialogue for a pro-poor transformation of the dairy value chain

Dairy Development Forum (DDF)

  • A promising mechanism for strengthening of stakeholder relationships
organogram of ddf and stakeholder linkages

DDF to play key roles in policy and communication

Organogram of DDF and stakeholder linkages

Dairy Development Forum

Secretariat: Tanzania Dairy Board

Advisory Committee

Stakeholder organisations

Membership organisations

Dairy development organisations

Private sector

Govt

Academic & res institutions

Civil society

slide23

Space for nurturing multi-stakeholder processes to address challenges on how to:

DAIRY DEVELOPMENT FORUM

Grow the dairy herd

address feeds scarcity

Fill gaps in dairy technology & agribusiness skills / capacity

Working groups

Working groups

District Platform

District Platform

District Platform

District Platform

FARMER ASSOCIATIONS AT VILLAGE LEVEL

Regional Platform

Regional Platform

integrating r d actors into the tanzania dairy v alue c hain r4d
Integrating R&D actors into the Tanzania dairy value chain R4D

SUA /TALIRI

Private Sector

TDB, other partners under DDF

ARIs (e.g.,Irish institutions)

Heifer

Faida M

SNV

Investors (e.g., BMGF, IFAD)

Investors (e.g., Irish AID, IFAD, BMZ)

ILRI /

Other CG partners

Research

Development

big picture place of individual projects in maziwa zaidi

Context of MaziwaZaidi

Big Picture: Place of individual projects in ‘MaziwaZaidi’

Aiming for research outputs made-to-order for immediate and future use

slide26

Context of MaziwaZaidi

Impact pathways for “MaziwaZaidi” developed

slide28

Context of MaziwaZaidi

Successes

Entry points for piloting of interventions identified, the projects aresnow ready for take-off

Early success in preparing for impact in the dairy value chain in Tanzania in the long-term through DDF and ‘MaziwaZaidi’ value chain transformation agenda

Challenges

Innovating for inclusive upgrading of dairy value chains is riskier but has more potential for wider impact

Main successes and challenges thus far

slide29
Following baseline, several targeted & strategic research initiated in villages (examples below)

A study on the concentrate feed sub sector in Tanzania

What is killing my cow? Re-assessing diseases in smallholder dairying in Tanzania

Impact assessment of innovation platforms in Tanzania

Strategic lesson learning on dairy feeding technologies for improved feed supply and adoption of existing feeds in Tanzania

The sustainability of dairy development in Tanzania: adoption of a Participatory Market Chain Approach

Toward a conceptual framework for analysis of producer hubs in supporting pro-poor smallholder commercialization (a review)

Several other research activities by integrated projects (e.g., Dairy Genetics East Africa)