Lesson 10 Laws of Moon Sighting. Is sighting the moon obligatory?. ALBAQARAH (THE COW 185). فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ
Is sighting the moon obligatory?
Other scholars of TAFSEER:
SHADAH of the month means:
2. Others used the word method of ascertaining the moon sighting . (the focus is on proving the existence of the moon)
When the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun in its orbit. It can not be seen for the people of the earth, because dark surfaces faces the earth (the sunlight exists on the other half of the moon which is not visible to the people of the earth. This typically marks the end of the Lunar Cycle which lasts.
When the sunlight or the sunray moves towards the surface of the moon facing the earth, then that first appearance of the sunlight which is visible for the people of the earth in a way that they can sight it, is considered the first crescent and marks the first day of the lunar month.
If a person has these three facts, and they are accurate in a way that it gives certainty and satisfaction, then based on the FATWA of almost all the JURIISTS (MOJTAHID), that one must follow the scientific predictions, and the sighting is not required.
Reference: TAWDHEEH of all the JURISTS in Persian, Urdu, English, and the laws in Arabic. This can be found in the section of moon sighting in the chapter of the LAWS of FASTING.