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HIGH-RATE COMPOSTING TECHNOLOGY -- An Unique New High-Tech Approach for Solid Waste Treatment. James C. Lu, Ph.D., PE. Current Main-Stream Solid Waste Treatment Methods & Their Problems. Main-Stream Methods : 1. Sanitary Landfills (for Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW));

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high rate composting technology an unique new high tech approach for solid waste treatment

HIGH-RATE COMPOSTING TECHNOLOGY-- An Unique New High-Tech Approach for Solid Waste Treatment

James C. Lu, Ph.D., PE

current main stream solid waste treatment methods their problems
Current Main-Stream Solid Waste Treatment Methods& Their Problems
  • Main-Stream Methods:

1. Sanitary Landfills (for Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW));

Sanitary Landfills & Land Applications (for Municipal Sludge)

2. Incineration

  • Problems of the Current Main-Stream Methods:

1. Not a complete waste reduction, detoxification and recycling method

2. Generate serious secondary pollution problems

(such as air pollution, water pollution, toxic substances pollution, pathogen contamination,

land pollution, odor problems, etc.)

3. Loss of valuable land

4. Large waste quantity generated, Difficulty of finding treatment sites

trends in solid waste management methods in developed countries
Trends inSolid Waste Management Methods(in Developed Countries)
  • Gradually Phasing Out Landfill and Incineration Methods;
  • Increase in application of Traditional Composting Methods.
limitations of traditional composting methods
Limitations of Traditional Composting Methods
  • Very Lengthy Treatment Time Period Needed

(Degradation Process: requires days to weeks;

Curing Process: requires at least about one month.)

  • Generation of odor During Compost Production Process
  • Poor Capability for Impurities, Pathogens, & Toxins Removal
  • Product Quality Usually Very Poor and Hard to Control and Improve
benefits of organic composts products produced by high rate composting process
BENEFITS OF ORGANIC COMPOSTS (Products Produced by High-Rate Composting Process)

(1) Very High Moisture Absorption and Holding Capability,

(2) High Nutrients Adsorption and Holding Capability,

(3) Soil Particles Holding and Conservation Capability,

(4) Soil Air Ventilation Capability,

(5) Soil Water Transmission Capability, and

(6) Soil Thermal Insulation Capability.

Other Benefits:

  • complete sterilization of pathogens and parasites,
  • detoxification of many hazardous chemical species, and
  • removal of excess heavy metal contents, if any.
s olid wastes can be treated by high rate composting method
Solid Wastes Can be Treated byHigh-Rate Composting Method
  • Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW)
  • Food Wastes
  • Agricultural Wastes
  • Green Wastes
  • Municipal Treatment Plant Sludges (Biosolids)
  • Septic Tank Residuals
  • Animal Wastes
  • Off-Specification or Off-Shelf Organic Materials
  • Organic Wastes/Sludge Generated from Industries (such as Food,

paper & Pulp, Refinery, and medicine manufacturing industries)

  • Solid Wastes Generated from Offices, Commercial and most

institutional Operations)

  • Organic Dredged Materials from Canals, Lakes, Streams, etc.
Why High-Rate Composting Process has Outstanding Competitive Advantages Among All Solid Waste Treatment Methods
  • Scale of Treatment Plant:Can handle solid wastes from a small township to the

largest cities in the world.

  • Treatment Speed:Usually can convert organic wastes into composts

within one hour.

  • Zero Discharge:No Treatment residues/pollutants generated.
  • Detoxification:Can detoxify all pathogens, parasites, heavy metals, and most

toxic organics.

  • Resource Recovery:Can recover all waste compositions from MSW and other

types of wastes.

  • Land Requirements:Smallest among known solid Waste treatment methods.
  • Development Costs:Among the lowest.
  • Operation Costs:Among the lowest.
  • Economic Benefits:Highest among known methods.
  • Ecological Protection Benefits:Besides agricultural land improvements, the subject method

also can be used for desertification control, large area

agricultural pollution prevention, landfill mining, dredge

materials utilization, mining wastes remediation, etc.


Inventor’s Resume

Ph.D.:Environmental Science & Engineering, University of

Southern California, USA

MS: Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of


Sanitary Engineering, National Taiwan University

BS: Civil Engineering, National Taiwan University

Part-Time Faculty Member at: University of Southern

California; UC Irvine; Cal State U, Long Beach


  • Senior Engineer and Project Manager, SCS Engineers Co., USA;
  • President, Calscience Research, Inc. USA;
  • Engineer, Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts, USA;
  • Chief Engineer, Jacob Engineering Group, USA;
  • President, Amwest Environmental Group, Inc., USA;and
  • Morgan & Associates, Inc., EVP and Board Member, USA.

Dr.James C. Lu