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    2. SESSION 1: Barcelona and our world • Proud of its own language and heritage, Catalonia, one of the most easily accessible regions of Spain, offers a rich artistic and cultural heritage, along with a wealth of possibilities for leisure pursuits for your school trip.

    3. Barcelona is the second city of Spain andmain Catalan center that overlooks on the sea and encloses numerous and contradictory souls. The city is very old and at the same time modern, which combine the major works of Catalan Gothic and spectacular expressions of modernism

    4. SOME DATA POPULATION: 1,700,000 AREA: 7773 km ² NATION: is the capital of Catalonia, Autonomous Community of Spain. LANGUAGE: In Barcelona speak Catalan, which is next to the Castilian an official language of the country. CURRENCY: Since January 2002 the national currency is the Euro. TIME ZONE: In winter there is an extra hour with respect to GMT, whereas in summer-because of legal time-the difference is two hours. RELIGION: Predominantly Catholic. DOCUMENTS: For citizens of the European Community is sufficient proof of identity, while for Extra passport is required..

    5. TEXTOS • http://www.schoolsintoeurope.com/costa-brava/ • http://www.xtec.cat/cirel/pla_le/llicencies/llicencies_07/eva_maturana/1719/unit6_19th_century/supplementary/19th_century.odp • Temas 1 y 2 de “Essential Geography and history” Ed. Santillana Richmond Publishing (2008) • TASK 1

    6. SESSION 2:Modern Times • From1833 to 1868, Isabel II (Bourbon queen) reigned over Spain • After the Spanish revolution in 1868, the Bourbons were removedfrom the power in Spain • In Barcelona, it starts a political tendency of CATALANISM Interest in Catalan traditions, institutions and culture

    7. Barcelona was the most important city of the Spanish Industrial Revolution • In Barcelona, cotton and metallurgy industries developed very quickly • The new factories needed more people to work in them,so the citie grew rapidly • Spain's first railway was built between Barcelona and Mataró in 1848

    8. In 1888, the WORLD EXHIBITION was celebrated in Barcelona • It was held in an area compressed between the Arc del Triomf and the Parc de la Ciutadella • The exhibition showed technological progresses from different countries

    9. In 1859, Cerdà's urban planning was passed • The plan consisted of a grid of streets with three great avenues cutting across • At the end of the 19th century, they started to fill in the grid with buildings The corners of each block were cut to make small squares at the intersections which give light, air and space

    10. What buildings do you think that belong to that moment? La Pedrera 1906-1911 La Sagrada Família 1884-unfinished Torre Agbar 1999-2005 Roman Walls after 15BC (incorporated into the walls of the Cathedral)‏ Santa Maria del Pi 1322-1486 Casa Amatller 1898-1900 Barcelona produced its MODERNISME

    11. The Art Nouveau in Catalonia (Modernisme) had a fantastic expansion in a country opened to all currents from Europe in order to affirm his differences with Spain and reinforce his political nationalism, in a period of rebirth known as "Renaixença" after a long period of decline caused by its military defeat in 1714 and consequent loss of his national rights and institutions. The Sagrada Família by night in March 2006 (Nativity façade)

    12. Floor of Sagrada Familia. Barcelona. Antoni Gaudi is one of the most important modernist architects. Some of the most famous buildings in Barcelona were built by him

    13. Gaudí. Parque Güel (sala hipóstila). 1900 - 1914. Barcelona. TEXTS: http://www.gaudiallgaudi.com/A0003.htm

    14. SESSION 3: WHERE ARE WE? « The hexagon » as we call it, is separated from the United Kingdom by the English Channel. We can offer the tourists 3427km of beaches! Area: 543 965 km2 ;3rd largest european country after Russia and Ukraine, and 48th in the world. We have natural borders with Italy (the Alps), Switzerland (the Jura), Germany (The River Rhine) and Spain (the Pyrénées). Luxemburg and Belgium are also our neighbour countries. Population: 64 102 000 inhabitants. France is a country of mixed cultures due to its numerous immigrants from everywhere in the world and to the migration from its colonies overseas. (Corsica, Saint Pierre- et- Miquelon, French Guyana, The French West Indies (Martinique, Guadeloupe, ) Mayotte, La Réunion, in the Indian Ocean, French Polynesia (Tahiti), New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna).

    15. Regions and « départements » France is divided into 22 administrative regions. Each region is composed of several « départements ». Each « département » provides for local expenses.

    16. Flag and symbols Laetitia Casta, top model and actress, was the model for this « Marianne » • On the 14th July 1789 the Parisians assaulted « La Bastille », a state prison, the symbol of despotism of the Ancient Regime. • The high taxes imposed on them by Louis XVI triggered off the riot. • The French flag has existed since the French Revolution: • The National Day, 14 July, commemorates the storming of « La Bastille ». • « Blue and red » stand for the colours of Paris, the capital of France. • « White » stands for monarchy. • The bust of « Marianne » is a symbolic representation of the motherhood spirit: healing, peaceful, nourishing and protecting. She is present in Town Halls. She also figures on coins and stamps… Riot on 14th July 1789

    17. More symbols • « Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood »:this motto is the principle of the Republic. • « The cock » symbolizes Gaule,the name given to our country before it was called « France ».It comes from the latin « gallius » which means « a cock » • « The Marseillaise »,1792: our national anthem. It is a war song for the Rhine Army. • « The Declaration of Man and Citizen’s Rights »:it was written just after the Revolution. • French « haute cuisine »,high quality wines (Bordeaux, Bourgogne…) and Champagne! • The Eiffel Tower: It was built in 1889 by Gustave Eiffel for the Universal Exhibition; it is 325m high and 6,893 million tourists visited it in 2007. • « The River Loire castles »( Chambord, Blois Chenonceau…) and Louis XIV’s « Château de Versailles ».

    18. FUTUROSCOPE: LIST OF ATRACTIONS Expédition Nil Bleu (Mystery of the Nile) ÉcoDingo French Only La Cité du Numérique (Digital City) Hands on exhibit Danse avec les Robots (Dances with Robots) Arthur, l'aventure 4D (Arthur and the Minimoys 4D) French Only Star du Futur (Star of the Future) French Only Sous les Mers du Monde 3D (Deep Sea 3D) Les Ailes du Courage (Wings of Courage) Dinosaures (Dinosaurs) La Gyrotour (The Gyrotour) La Citadelle du Vertige (Castle of Giddiness) Les Astromouches (Fly me to the Moon 3D) Le Meilleur du Dynamique (The Best of Dynamic Cinema) Voyageurs du Ciel et de la Mer (Travellers by Air and by Sea) French Only Chocs Cosmiques La Vienne Dynamique + d'effets (The Dynamic Vienne) Les Animaux du Futur (The future is wild) Le Monde des Enfants (Children's World) Cyber Avenue Magic Show Les Yeux Grands Fermés (Journey into the Dark) French Only Le Mystère de la Note Bleue (The Blue Note Mystery) Fantaisie Aquatique (Aquatic Fantasy)

    19. http://www.futuroscope.com/plan-parc-futuroscope.php

    20. Characterization of theme parks • Adapted and translated of http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Urania-57309-PARQUES-TEM-TICOS-Hist-ria-Defini-o-Caracteriza-tic-Education-ppt-powerpoint/ • We can combine the various theme parks according to the themes around which is based their creation and organization • Historical Theme Parks: based on historical themes like the case of Camelot, in England. • Parks based on mythical or fantastic characters: Asterix in Paris, Disneyland (USA, France, Japan); • Natural parks, which use the elements of nature like water: SeaWorld, the fauna and flora: Cypress Gardens in Orlando;

    21. Characterization of theme parks • Parks concentrated in multimedia and new technologies: Futuroscope, France; • Based on geography and past civilizations: Port Aventura in Spain, • Parks based on the film industry: Universal Studios, Warner Bros Movie World , Bavaria Filmstadt; • Parks associated with a particular product: Legoland in Denmark and the UK, Opel in Germany Free; • Parks based on the sport: Sky Dome in Toronto, Parc del Barça in Barcelona,

    22. Do you want to dance whit a robot http://www.futuroscope.com/attractiondanse-avec-les-robots-kamel-ouali.php http://franc-falar.blogspot.com/2007/04/robots-en-futuroscope.html • What is a robot? Machine: A machine is a tool which can do work that has been designed and constructed. A robot: A robot is a machine with a memory and a program capable of replacing humans to perform some work. Acting on their physical environment to perform tasks and must learn to adapt it to meet its mission.

    23. Do you want to dance whit a robot • Since 1990, the robots are increasing in most human activities. So it has tried to make a classification. • Typologies proposed are numerous. Can be made according to the chronology (1st, 2nd or 3rd generation) depending on your level of expertise (class 1 to class 6), depending on their areas of application or...........

    24. Do you want to dance whit a robot • Classification by field of application: (Classification of CNRS) • 1 - The robots that explore places replacing the man, because they are inaccessible, dangerous, or because the task is unpleasant or impossible to make: The robot firefighter, inspector of nuclear power plant, which washed crystals, which monitors sewer .. . • At Futuroscope the robot Spirit, in the room before the attraction Destination Cosmos. It is a copy of the two robot explorers launched by NASA in 2003 to explore the planet Mars, and in particular to detect the presence of water.

    25. Do you want to dance whit a robot • 2 - The robots that provide services to men: surgical robots that provide greater accuracy and allow intervention at a distance, domestic robots that do the works most tedious (robot vacuum cleaner, robot garden), industrial robots, which are the most numerous ( automobile assembly, manufacturing medicines, agro-food), the automotive sector is globally the largest consumer of robots. • Also fall into this category the robots for entertainment and learning. • In Futuroscope the dog-robot, the KUKA robot dancer, the painter robot. • The painter-robot, programmed by the laboratory of solid mechanics of CNRS is capable in 5 minutes to draw the portrait of the visitor with the same gestures of a human designer. Capture the image using a digital camera, and makes the picture using an articulated mechanical arm.

    26. Do you want to dance whit a robot • 3 - The robots directly inspired by the living world, human or animal: the development of androids (in some time, a robot of this kind could develop all the household chores) and companion animals. • In Futuroscope, the dog-robot AIBO Three small-dog robot pet authentic, in a scene from La Cité du Numérique play every day with children and adults.

    27. SESSION 4: THE CASTLES • The Loire with over 1,500 km in length is the longest river in France. Born in the southern Massif Central and flows into the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. In the section that flows between the towns of Orleans and Tours, it rise more than 100 magnificent castles • TEXT (translated by J.C.S)AND SLIDES:http://www.slu.edu/colleges/AS/languages/newsevents/files/loire.pdf

    28. Where is the Loire Valley? Visit http://www.chateaux-de-la-loire.fr for more information.

    29. Chenonceau The second monument most visited in France Built in 1513 Architecture of the Renaissance The “Château des Dames”. Briçonnet Katherine, Diane of Poitiers, Catherine of Medicis

    30. Chenonceau -Frenchs gardens -Tapestries of the XVI and XVII century

    31. Chambord The largest - 426 rooms, 77 staircases Built by François 1º between 1519-1547 -Influence of Leonardo da Vinci - The largest park Forest Europe

    32. The staircase to double revolution consists 2 staircases that never intersect, attributed to Leonardo Vinci

    33. THE CASTLES Chambord Castle – Example of Spending • Chambord is the largest of the Loire castles, sumptuous Renaissance Palace, creation of the king François I inspired by the famous Leonardo da Vinci, made reality by the enthusiasm of the greatest king of the 16C.

    34. Session 5: Visit to Abbey • Text: http://www.pitt.edu/~medart/menufrance/msmmain.html

    35. Timeline • 966: a community of Benedictines settled on the rock at the request of the Duke of Normandy and the pre-Romanesque church was built before the year one thousand • 11th century: the Romanesque abbey church was founded over a set of crypts where the rock comes to an apex, and the first monastery buildings were built up against its north wall • 12th century: the Romanesque buildings were extended to the west and south • 13th century: a donation by the King of France, Phillip Augustus, in the wake of his conquest of Normandy, enabled a start to be made on the Gothic section of the “Merveille”: two three story buildings, crowned by the cloister and the refectory

    36. Timeline • 14th century: war made it necessary to protect the abbey behind a set of military constructions, enabling it to hold out against a siege lasting 30 years • 15th Century: The Romanesque chancel of the abbey church which was broken down in 1421 was replaced by the Gothic Flamboyant Chancel • 19th century: it was turned into a prison during the days of the French Revolution and Empire • 1979: UNESCO classed Mont Saint Michel as a world heritage • 1996: it celebrated the 1000th anniversary of the monastic • 2001: Friars and sisters from “Les Fraternites Monastiques de Jerusalem” have been living in Mont Saint Michel

    37. WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY • WHO: William de Volpiano, the Italian architect who built the Abbey of Fecamp Normandy, was chosen as the building contractor by Richard II of Normandy in the 11th century. • WHAT: The Abbey and Mont Saint Michelle • Built of Granite and in some places limestone

    38. WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY • WHERE: Normandy, France • At the mouth of the Couesnon River • WHEN 11th Century • WHY St. Michael instructed Aubert to build a church on the rocky islet.

    39. SESSION 6:The United KingdomU.K. is an island country located off the North West of Europe.

    40. It is composed of four countries: Northern Ireland Scotland England Wales

    41. See their flags! Wales Scotland Northern Ireland England The Union Jack is the UK Flag

    42. The UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean the North Sea the English Channel the Irish Sea

    43. The largest island, Great Britain, is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel The Channel Tunnel covers a distance of 35 km under water! Great Britain France

    44. There are many lakes in the UK. Loch Morar is the deepest lake. It’s 309 metres deep. Loch Ness is the second deepest lake. It’s 230 metres deep. The Loch Ness monster lives in it!

    45. The three longest rivers in the UK are: River Trent is one of the major rivers in England. It’s 297 Km long. The Thames is a major river flowing through London. It’s 346 km long. River Severn is the longest river in Great Britain. It’s 354 km long.

    46. Mountains in the UK are not very high compared with some range of mountains in Europe like the Alps or the Pyrenees. The highest mountain in the UK is Ben Nevis. It’s 1344 m high. Ben Nevis is in Scotland.

    47. The coastline of the United Kingdom is remarkable for a number of reasons. The first of these is that it is long in comparison to the coastline of similar countries and it is very varied in geography and habitats. Shetlands Islands are in the Atlantic Ocean in the North of Great Britain. It is about 17,819 km long because it includes more than 1,000islands! North Cornwall, a nature reserve in the South West. Bornemouth has a beautiful beach in the South of England.

    48. The population of the United Kingdom in 2008 was 61,612,000! London metropolitan area has a population of about 12 million people!

    49. The weather in the United Kingdom is changeable and unsettled. Big Ben on a sunny day The climate of the UK is a temperate oceanic climate with Warm summers Cool winters Plentiful of rain Windy day at the seaside Rainy day in Brighton Many types of weather can be experienced in a single day!

    50. Session 7: London is the capital city of the UK Would you like to see some interesting places in London? Big Ben The British Museum