Tail Waggin’ Tutors: Effects of Dogs on Reading Scores. By Bridget Anton, Christina Guentert, Hannah Krotulis. Introduction. Animals shown to have a positive influence on human functioning Animals offer various benefits to humans L ower blood pressure, stronger immunity, positive mood
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By Bridget Anton,
provide emotional support and comfort
AAT Reading Programs
* The children considered at-risk in this study were defined by my operational definition of at-risk: Students within in each grade level who fell one standard deviation below the mean of RIT sheet
* K-4 from an Elementary School in NJ
* 487 records
* About 160 children in grades K-4.
* Gender: 50.9% Males and 49.1% Females
* Ethnicity: 72.9% Caucasian, 0% African American, 5.7% Asian American, 17.9% Hispanic
A 2 x4 analysis of variance of reading score was conducted
* No main effect for reading program was found F (1, 315) = 1.14
* There was a main effect for grade, F (4, 315) = 126.43, p < .001.
* No main effect for reading program was found F (1,30) = 0.01, p = .942.
* There was a main effect for grade, F (3,30) = 16.94, p < .001.
* Interaction of Reading Program and Grade was NOT significant, F (3,30) = 0.31, p= .820
ESL Reading Scores
Number of Siblings and English Proficiency
* As predicted, there was a main effect for grade
* The data findings didn’t support my hypothesis of at-risk students’ reading scores increasing due to the TWT program
* One reason behind this could be because of my original operational definition of ‘at-risk’ students
* Future studies should include teacher’s recommendations on the criteria of what students should be labeled ‘at-risk
* Also, the elementary school came from a lower middle class suburban community whose students did not suffer in their academic performance prior to TWT