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National Transport Policy for Poland - 2005-2025 draft
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  1. National Transport Policy for Poland - 2005-2025draft W. Suchorzewski, Warsaw University of Technology STEPS, Krakow 20 May 2005

  2. History • Transport Policy – adjustment of the transport system to market economy and European co-operation - adopted by the Council of Ministersin 1995. • National Transport Policy 2001-2015 for a Sustainable Development – adopted by the Council of Ministers(17.10.2001) • Infrastructure –key to development - element of the Government Economic Strategy adopted by the Council of Ministers(29.01.2002) W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  3. Last initiative August 2004 - The Ministry of Infrastructure starts work on a new policy which will be presented to the Parliament for approval Draft based on previous policy documents and reports prepared by the team of experts - adopted by the Minister on 21 January 2005  consultation 16 May 2005 - revised version

  4. Content • Diagnosis and trends • Main issues • Demand forecasts • Objectives • Principles • Priorities • Development of transport branches • Transport and the environment • Instruments of implementation, monitoring W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  5. What is in the document? The document formulates vision, development objectives and directions of changes Emphasis on financial, legal and organisational measures and mechanisms for meeting objectives Detailed tasks - in the National Strategy for Transport Development 2007-2013 which is a part of the National Development Plan (under development)

  6. Trends • Growth of motorisation and increase of mobility, stabilisation of freight transport, rapid growth of road traffic, very significant increase in air transport (EU membership and LCC’s) – 2004/2003 – 25% • Modal shift from rail transport to road transport • Decreasing share of public transport in cities, but still over 50 % • Sea and inland water transport – stable W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  7. Main problems • Congestion especially on national roads and in urban areas – perceived versus real!! • Growing negative impact on the environment and society – growing awareness! • People’s health and lives are at risk, especially in road transport • Poor condition of infrastructure, especially railways and road infrastructure not prepared for heavy trucks – 115kN/axle • Low rail efficiency and competitiveness W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  8. Main problems 2 Solving problems affected by: • often changes of concepts and programs – election cycle • lack of relation between programs and financial sources – BBB syndrome • complicated legal procedures • Opportunities created by the availability of EU funds not fully used W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  9. Demand forecasts • Main dilemma - demand management - should we control the demand for transport? Decoupling of economic growth and transport demand listed as one of objectives • Forecasts for 2005-2020 • Growth of travel by car + 80-110% • Freight + 30 - 67% W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  10. Freight transport (tkm)- minimum W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  11. Freight transport (tkm) - max W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  12. Sea ports – freight volumes (t) W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  13. Trips by car – paskm/year W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  14. Modal split in urban areas – pas/year W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  15. Main objective of NTP Improvement of quality of the transport system and its development according to principles of sustainable development meeting objectives and rules of the EU and state defence needs, including those arising from NATO membership W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  16. Objectives • Improvement of accessibility and quality of transport as means of improving standards of living and factor removing barriers to economic development • Supporting the competitiveness of national economy • Improvement of the effectiveness and efficiency of the transport system W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  17. Objectives 2 • Integration of the transport system – by branches and territorially • Improved safety by reducing accidents and their effects and improving security of transport users and transported goods • Reduction of the negative impact of transport on the environment and living conditions W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  18. Principles of transport policy • Promotion of energy efficient and environmentally sound means of transport • Balance between meeting demands of international transport and national/regional/local transport!!! • Rational policy with regard to through/transit traffic W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  19. Warszawa, miasto na szlaku, czy na uboczu? Wojciech Suchorzewski

  20. W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  21. W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  22. 22270 27740 26720 22420 24530 9930 33010 16320 20720 38670 35530 9230 14110 37540 7480 10700 35620 54750 53630 74300 44020 10100 30240 59170 Express Road Network 22025 2025 11290 28640 2025 - no toll 17750 37900 Traffic flow (in thousand veh./day) both directions 36050 35960 72020 Polish Motorways and Expressways Study 13650 48210 Warsaw Univer.of Technol. March 1997 Legend 25520 motorway express road dual carriageway one carriageway road - 7 m with hard shoulders one carriageway road - 7 m no hard shoulders one carriageway < 7 m 31810 22070 27420 21630 58480 8210 9870 8790 69980 18430 19090 18350 3280 5050 60250 6310 14390 13560 16220 12080 63940 13560 26060 8550 9050 11140 13870 19980 13580 45210 35860 23200 6800 37010 11020 36870 33880 50160 20190 18650 32460 22790 29020 4940 10930 10130 8030 35960 9690 38920 45910 4160 49590 9540 7970 36730 16730 45580 43450 64500 60560 8240 7540 99570 59700 84340 18450 46640 64980 47680 77870 45990 61440 58060 19090 61420 79500 15300 5820 72820 44090 52780 11550 57460 61170 13540 46580 40290 27690 45520 26350 9500 30680 7440 37710 45850 36910 40440 40440 9760 71330 45930 30680 46990 2090 38980 16160 31580 46990 38500 73080 38930 18020 29860 42050 9730 72600 21980 40660 33440 80640 10200 9100 39680 8060 19590 9340 3360 36310 20910 54950 69900 19970 29380 51110 56960 70700 25920 16520 7880 49160 22190 70790 49160 6100 11300 41870 97790 103870 52240 45470 34930 63760 52620 34040 5820 84350 6550 42770 26840 57760 8660 22770 11400 8030 W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  23. Principles of transport policy 2 • Demand management (volume and modal split) through: spatial policy, consumption model, motorization policy and fiscal means • Balance between the development of transport infrastructure and maintenance, upgrading and management (ITS) • Market regulation & privatisation according to EU rules W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  24. Principles of transport policy 3 financing • Gradual implementation of „user pays” principle • Long-term goal - charging users of transport infrastructure plus cross-financing; system fiscally neutral!? • Non-commercial project financed in traditional way (budget) • Profitable projects - PPP and concession systems W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  25. Priorities • Radical improvement of the condition of roads in all categories and extension of motorways and express roads • Restructuring of the rail system to meet market demands • Improvement of traffic safety • Improvement of the quality of regional and urban public transport, improved conditions for pedestrian and cycle traffic and people with mobility problems W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  26. Priorities 2 • Development of intermodal transport • Development of air transport especially serving remote regions • Assisting sea ports including improvement of land access • Assisting transport operators in developing their offer • Creation better conditions for inland water transport W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  27. Okres 2007 – 2013 Strategia przebudowygłównych dróg krajowych w latach 2003 - 2013 W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005

  28. Means of implementation • Legal instruments • Long-term, stable planning and financing of the transport system • Administration and management • Role of the central government • Financing • Monitoring W. Suchorzewski, Krakow - 20.05.2005