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City of Cornwall Solid Waste Management Master Plan. Presentation Overview. Development of the Solid Waste Management Master Plan Current Solid Waste System Waste Composition and Generation Waste Management Legislation Impacts Waste Management Best Practices Public Consultation

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City of Cornwall Solid Waste Management Master Plan

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Presentation Transcript

City of Cornwall

Solid Waste Management Master Plan


Presentation Overview

  • Development of the Solid Waste Management Master Plan
  • Current Solid Waste System
  • Waste Composition and Generation
  • Waste Management Legislation Impacts
  • Waste Management Best Practices
  • Public Consultation
  • Plan Recommendations
  • Proposed Implementation Schedule
  • Impact on Landfill Capacity
  • Conclusion

Solid Waste Management Master Plan Development

  • The purpose of the SWMMP is to:
    • Provide overall direction for the waste management system.
    • Address collection, processing and garbage disposal needs for the next 20 years.
    • Identify opportunities to increase diversion.
    • Identify opportunities to reduce the amount of waste needing disposal.
  • The desired result of the SWMMP is:
    • The selection of a long-term waste management system and implementation of the program components of that system.

Current Solid Waste System

  • The City provides waste collection services for all single family homes, some multi-family dwellings, and come IC&I locations. The City provides:
  • Waste Reduction Initiatives
  • Promotion and Education programs
  • Bi-weekly Curbside Recycling Collection
  • Weekly Curbside Garbage Collection
  • Leaf and Yard Waste Collection on Scheduled Days
  • Household Special Waste Depot
  • Tire Recycling Depot
  • Scrap Metal Recycling Pad
  • Waste Wood Recycling Pad
  • One Active Landfill
  • One Materials Recovery Facility

Waste Composition and Generation

  • A single family non-hazardous waste audit was completed by Stantec in December 2009.
  • The City generates in the order of 22,000 tonnes per year of waste.
  • The households audited confirmed the current waste diversion rate of 24% of those total tonnes.

Residential Waste Composition

  • During the audit, the participation rate was 37%.
  • The audit results indicate that as much as 5,000 tonnes of recyclable materials might be landfilled each year.
  • The landfill received a total of 62,500 tonnes from all sources in 2009.

Waste Composition and Generation

Residential Waste Generation (Tonnes) by Material Type


Waste Composition and Generation

IC&I Waste Generation (Tonnes) by Material Type


Waste Management Legislation Impacts

  • The City is currently meeting legislative requirements regarding diversion programming but not achieving provincial waste diversion targets (60%) or recyclable material capture targets (70%).
  • There are several proposed changes to legislation that could impact the City:
    • Waste Diversion Act
    • Blue Box Program Plan and Regulation 273/02.
  • Potential legislative changes have been considered in the development of the SWMMP.

Waste Management Best Practices

The recommendations in the SWMMP are aimed at improving or expanding on already existing programs and strategies and initiating new programs and strategies to reduce system deficiencies.

These initiatives will enable the City to meet provincial waste diversion targets as well as their own economic, environmental and social objectives.

Recommendations include the elimination of various existing programs that provide incentives to dispose of waste as opposed to incentives to reduce or divert waste.


Public Consultation

  • Public Consultation Session held in Cornwall on May 13, 2010.
  • Approximately 30 people attended the session.
  • Nine responses were received either hand-written on the comment sheets or via email.
  • Comments/concerns included:
  • Free containers would assist with diversion efforts.
  • Concerns about bag limits e.g. for larger families.
  • Emphasized need for education re: new and existing programs.
  • Concerns raised about costs for implementation.

Overall there was support for the proposed initiatives and for conserving landfill capacity.


Recommendations: Waste Reduction and Reuse

Adoption of a Zero Waste philosophy.

Assess existing re-use initiatives in the City and the cost-benefit of adding a City re-use centre(s) particularly to address bulky waste.

Participate in/comment on provincial policy guidelines and waste regulatory change to promote waste reduction.


Recommendations: Waste Diversion

  • Alternative Container Implementation / Provision of Blue Boxes
  • Multi-Residential Recycling Program with a Pilot Study
  • Public Open Space and Special Event Recycling
  • Assess Depot Programs for Added Diversion
  • Full-Scale Waste Audit and Composition Study
recommendations waste diversion
Recommendations: Waste Diversion
  • Elimination of Multi-Residential Waste Credit
  • Development of a Communications Strategy
  • Implement Bag Limit / Bag Tag or Clear Bag with Enforcement Program
  • Materials Recovery Facility Optimization
  • Organic Waste Collection and Processing – Pilot Study & Full Scale Implementation

Recommendations: Collection

  • Weekly Recycling Collection
  • Elimination of Bulky Item Collection with Garbage
  • Bi-Weekly Garbage Collection

Recommendations: Administration

  • Increase Waste Management Staffing Levels
  • Adopting Best Practices in Contracting
  • Five Year Plan Review
  • By-Law Amendments to Support Programming

Recommendations: Waste Disposal

  • Short-term:
    • Engineering / Operations Assessment – Landfill Operations
    • Charge Fees for Residential Waste Disposal at the Landfill
    • Increase Landfill Tipping Fee
    • Market Place Assessment – WWTP and other Organic Waste Capacity Elsewhere
  • Long-term:
    • Development of a new landfill – approvals required.
    • Export waste to privately owned disposal facilities in or outside of Ontario.

Impact on Landfill Capacity

  • Estimated that based on diversion programs and implementation timelines proposed, approximately 1 to 2 years of landfill capacity will be saved with no added IC&I waste diversion initiatives (e.g. alternative processing of WWTP and other organic wastes along could extend capacity by an additional 2-3 years.


  • The City has an opportunity to implement a number of options to achieve its solid waste management planning objectives.
  • The recommendations address gaps between the City’s existing waste management system and industry best practices and provincial policy standards.  
  • Recommendations can increase the current diversion rate from approximately 24% to 69.