DESIGN OF A HOUSE A Presentation by: Ar. Anuja Gopal Head of Department Govt. Polytechnic College Bathinda. firstname.lastname@example.org
HOUSE • A house is shelter in which human beings live. • A home is a house in which one and his family live,enjoy all the happiness,affection and love of each other. • A building used for dwelling purposes is known as residential buildings
HOUSE • House need to be planned according to the needs of the occupants and also according to available funds. • The house need to be planned on the basis of a family as a unit . • No hard and fast rules for particular standard of accommodation can be laid down.
HOUSE • Kitchen ,lavatory , drawing room and bed room are the minimum essential requirements for any family. • When economy demands , additional activities may be accommodated in some of the rooms. • e.g. dinning space may be provided in kitchen itself , drawing room may be used as guest room also.
PLANNING OF HOUSE A house can be divided into three major areas . These areas are: • LIVING AREA • SLEEPING AREA • SERVICE AREA
LIVING AREA • This area is for general use .Hence the living and drawing room should be planned near the entrance . It should be planned taking into view some consideration.
LIVING AREA • It should not provide direct passage to bed rooms and W.C or bath. • It should be adjacent to the dining room. • It should be comfortable and spacious in order to accommodate furniture and also allow proper circulation area. • It should be sufficiently lighted and offer an attractive view of surroundings. • It should have a southern and northern aspect.
SLEEPING AREA • This area provides bed rooms for sleeping and relaxing. • Bed rooms may be with attached toilets. • Their size depends upon the number of beds. • They should be located so as to give privacy . • They should have a North-West or South-West aspect.
SERVICE AREA Service area includes: • KITCHEN • DINNING AREA • BATH ROOM and W.C
KITCHEN • It may be adjacent to the dinning room or may be separate. • It consists of a cooking area ,washing area and storage area. • It should have an eastern ,north eastern aspect.
DINNING ROOM • This room may be attached to the living room or to the kitchen. • Kitchen activities should be screened from the dinning area by means of cupboards or a screen. • A service window may be provided between the kitchen and the dinning room.
BATH and W.C • Should be approachable from all the rooms. • Dadoes or glazed tiles should be provided on the walls. • Should be provided with necessary fixtures. • Sizes and types of W.C , wash basin , electrical installations for hot water , plumbing fixtures etc. control the size of bath room and W.C.
OTHER ROOMS Other rooms such as office , puja room ,study etc. may be suitably located near the living room, bed room or kitchen.
FUNCTIONAL PLANNING AND CIRCULATION • All the areas are designed taking into consideration the purpose for which each room will be used. • The purpose decides the size , placing and size of windows, furniture etc. • All rooms are grouped together by means of a passage, lobby, staircase etc.
FUNCTIONAL PLANNING AND CIRCULATION • The circulation areas should be as small as possible and at the same time, it should be well ventilated and lighted. • While planning architect is supposed to use his judgement in fulfilling the needs of the owner , with due considerations to economy, rules and regulations , customs ,type of family and their needs.
VARIOUS AREAS IN A HOUSE • Drawing room • Dinning room • Bed room • Dressing room • Toilets • Store room • Puja room
VARIOUS AREAS IN A HOUSE • Kitchen • Guest room • Children’s room • Staircase • Garage • verandahs
REQUIREMENTS OF ROOMS • A house consists of various rooms for different purposes. • The real art in home design is to group all the rooms in such a way that resulting building proves most convenient, comfortable to its inmates. • Every inch of land is to be used to the best possible advantage.
VARIOUS TYPES OF HOUSES • DETACHED HOUSES OR BUNGALOWS • SEMI-DETACHED HOUSES • FLATS OR APPARTMENT HOUSES • ROW HOUSES OR CHAWLS • SKYSCRAPERS
DETACHED HOUSES • Mostly single storeys but these days these can be double storeyed. • Requirements depend on the size of the family. • Ages of the members and their particular needs affect the requirements.
SEMI-DETACHED HOUSES • These houses may be single storeyed or two storeyed. • Such houses have one wall common with the adjacent house. • However , each of the dwelling loses aspect of one direction and prospect from that side.
FLATS OR APPARTMENT HOUSES • Flats are constructed where land is very costly and population to be accommodated in limited area is quite large. • It is a unit of two or more rooms providing accommodation for one family. • Several flats on one floor and may be even upto seven storeys. • Lifts and staircases for vertical circulation.