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The Texas Revolt PowerPoint Presentation
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The Texas Revolt

The Texas Revolt

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The Texas Revolt

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  1. The Texas Revolt 1820s-1830s

  2. Mexico’s 1824 Colonization Act • Permitted foreign immigration into Southwest • Plan intended to populate the region • Develop the region economically • Link the region with interior Mexico • “Mexicanize the region” • Buffer against American expansionism

  3. Provisions of the 1824 act • Immigrants Must: • Adopt Mexican citizenship • Be or become Catholics • Obey Mexican laws • Respect Mexican culture, customs and authority

  4. Provisions, continued • Economic incentives included: • No taxes for up to seven years • Purchase land in the following amounts: • 640 acres per male • 320 per female • 160 per child • 80 per slave

  5. Haden Edwards • Began a revolt against Mexican authority • Proposed calling the new Texas Republic “Freedonia” • General Manuel Mier y Teran sent to Texas in response

  6. General Mier y Teran • Writes a report on the influence of the Texas immigrants in Texas • Warns Mexico against the belligerence of the immigrants • Proposed two corrective measures: • 1829 decree-abolished slavery in Texas • 1830 decree-curtailed further immigration

  7. Tadeo Ortiz de Ayala • Mexican official who visited Texas and reported its value to Mexico • Texas has important assets for Mexico: land and raw materials • Loss of Texas would devastate Mexico’s future

  8. Texas Declaration of Independence • 1835 document declaring independence from Mexico • Outlines grievances against the Mexican government: lack of free trade, invasion of private property, lack of due process, etc. • Highly controversial for Mexico • President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna declares war

  9. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna • Defeats Texans in battles of Goliad, Nacogdoches and San Antonio (Alamo) • Captured at San Jacinto • Forced to sign the Treaty of Velasco in 1836

  10. The Treaty of Velasco • Declares the independence of the Texas region from Mexico • Highly controversial treaty due to: • Conditions of its signing • Boundary line at the Rio Grande • Mexico’s refusal to ratify the agreement

  11. The Texas Republic • Lone Star Republic 1836-1845 • Admitted as a state of the United States in 1845 as a slave state • Mexico opposed Texas annexation • Considered an act of war by Mexico