The Research Process. Lynda H. Crawford. Designing a Research Project. I. Select an area of interest. Select an Area of Interest. What are you curious about? Do you have questions about the best way to do something? Are there conflicting opinions about the best way to do something?
Lynda H. Crawford
Although there are many different designs to choose from, a research study design is determined by the research question.
The research question will do one of three things:
Designs for describing phenomena or groups of people:
Designs for exploring relationships among variables or groups of people:
Designs for findings causality or effects of interventions:
The research question suggests the variables to be measured, the degree of control over extraneous variables necessary, and the type of analysis needed.
Do cancer patients with strong family support systems have fewer side effects from chemotherapy than those without strong family support systems?
Variables: family support systems, side effects from chemotherapy
Degree of control over extraneous variables necessary: high
Type of analysis: correlation
What are the long-term coping strategies of teens diagnosed with cancer?
Variables: coping strategies, time
Degree of control over extraneous variables necessary: medium
Type of analysis: longitudinal
What is the lived experience of teens
diagnosed with cancer?
Degree of control over extraneous variables necessary: n/a
Type of analysis: phenomenological