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United Nations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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United Nations. What is the United Nations ?. The UN is an international organization of countries set up to promote international peace, security, and cooperation 192 countries are members of the UN Any “peace-loving” nation can become a member. Promote = Encourage or s upport , .

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United Nations


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    1. UnitedNations

    2. WhatistheUnitedNations? • The UN is an international organization of countries set up to promote international peace, security, and cooperation • 192 countries are members of the UN • Any “peace-loving” nation can become a member Promote= Encourageorsupport,

    3. HistoryoftheUnitedNations • Established in 1945 as a response to WWII • ReplacedtheLeagueofNationsin ordertohelpmaintainpeaceworldwide • Therewere 51 foundingcountries Established = created, founded, started Maintain = keep, support, preserve Founding country = country involved in thebeginningofthe UN

    4. Whatdoesthe UN do? • Helpstoresolveinternationalconflicts • Promotesrespectfor human rights • Helps proposesolutionsto global issues (hunger, education, genderrights…)

    5. Whatdoesthe UN NOT do • Createlaws • The UN doesnothaveanarmy. Whenthereis a needfor a military the memberstatescontributearmedforces.

    6. StructureoftheUnitedNations • General Assembly • SecurityCouncil • Economicand Social Council • TrusteeshipCouncil • International CourtofJustice • Secretariat

    7. General Assembly • All UN Member states are part of the General Assembly • Each state has one vote • The assembly cannot force action by the state but it can give recommendations • 2000-Millennium Declaration

    8. StructureoftheUnitedNations • General Assembly • SecurityCouncil • Economicand Social Council • TrusteeshipCouncil • International CourtofJustice • Secretariat

    9. Security Council • Maintain international peace and security • There are 15 council members including permanent members (USA, China, France, UK, Russia) • The decisions of the council are legally binding

    10. StructureoftheUnitedNations • General Assembly • SecurityCouncil • Economicand Social Council • TrusteeshipCouncil • International CourtofJustice • Secretariat

    11. Economic and Social Council • Coordinates the economic and social work of the UN and UN organizations • Works with NGOs • 54 member states

    12. StructureoftheUnitedNations • General Assembly • SecurityCouncil • Economicand Social Council • TrusteeshipCouncil • International CourtofJustice • Secretariat

    13. The Trusteeship Council • Created to provide supervision for 11 Trust Territories • Prepared 11 territories for self-government or independence

    14. StructureoftheUnitedNations • General Assembly • SecurityCouncil • Economicand Social Council • TrusteeshipCouncil • International CourtofJustice • Secretariat

    15. The International Court of Justice • Known as World Court • 15 elected judges that do not represent countries

    16. StructureoftheUnitedNations • General Assembly • SecurityCouncil • Economicand Social Council • TrusteeshipCouncil • International CourtofJustice • Secretariat

    17. The Secretariat • Staff of 8,900 people works on every day needs of the UN • Secretary-General is elected for a 5-year-term • Ban Ki-Moon (South Korea)

    18. “At the UN, all the Member States; large and small, rich and poor, with differing political views and social systems; have a voice and a vote in this process”