cdm and transportation cop 9 december 2003 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
CDM and Transportation COP-9 December 2003 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
CDM and Transportation COP-9 December 2003

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

CDM and Transportation COP-9 December 2003 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

CDM and Transportation COP-9 December 2003. Mauricio Hurtado Climate Change, Foreign Affairs Ministry, Chile Jodi Browne Climate Change & Energy, IISD Eduardo Sanhueza Principle - CC&D, alternative member EB Franz Tattenbach FUNDECOR, Costa Rica, Vice-chair of EB and Meth Panel.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CDM and Transportation COP-9 December 2003' - jenski

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Mauricio Hurtado

Climate Change, Foreign Affairs Ministry, Chile

  • Jodi Browne

Climate Change & Energy, IISD

  • Eduardo Sanhueza

Principle - CC&D, alternative member EB

  • Franz Tattenbach

FUNDECOR, Costa Rica, Vice-chair of EB and Meth Panel

transport and climate change
Transport and Climate Change
  • The transport sector is responsible for ~ 25% of CO2 emissions worldwide, and this contribution is increasing
  • Key factors
    • Travel activity (vehicle kilometers traveled, ton-kilometers)
    • Mode split
    • Vehicle energy intensity (efficiency, loading)
    • Fuel carbon content (lifecycle)
transport climate change
Transport & Climate Change
  • The rate of increase of CO2 emissions from transport is much higher in developing countries than developed countries.

Developing country growth = 3.2% per year

Developed country growth = 1% per year

(World Energy Outlook, 2001)


CO2 Emissions From Transport

Sperling & Salon, 2002

transport cdm
Transport & CDM

Of the 80 projects currently in the CDM pipeline only 5 are transportation…of those,

none address travel demand

  • CDM represents a crucial opportunity to develop a sustainable transportation sector e.g. Chile

- increased funding flows

- enhanced capacity

- expanded technology


In Chile, transportation represents 2nd largest source of GHG emissions in the energy sector - approximately 33%

transport cdm project chile
Transport & CDM Project: Chile

Project Partners: IISD, CCAP, CC&D, CGTS

  • Funded by Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
  • Explore the potential to reduce GHGs and promote transportation CDM projects in Chile

Project Goal

  • To be of technical assistance to Chileans to reduce GHG emissions and promote involvement in the CDM, specifically in the transportation sector

Potential for replication

  • Help establish precedent for assessing transportation CDM projects
1) Area 10: Technology switch of buses within downtown area of Santiago

2) Bike Infrastructure: Developing bike lanes, storage, facilities

3) Location Efficiency: Concentrating mixed-use developments around metro stations

Possible CDM projects currently being examined…

area 10 technology switching
Area 10: Technology switching
  • Santiago: new design for public transport
  • Segregated routes for articulated buses (Min EURO3)
  • Feeding areas for buses of lower capacity (progressive switch from EURO1,2,3)
  • Exploring potential for CDM to implement hybrid diesel-electric buses in the feeding areas
  • Demonstration: Area 10 (downtown core = 34 buses)
area 10 technology switching1
Area 10: Technology switching
  • Methodological questions…
    • Set baseline as current or marginal technology?
    • Monitoring:

Fuel based (sales)?...OR

Distance based (calculate fuel use from VKT & efficiency)?

  • What to do with crediting for a program…over a number of years – incentive declines…
  • Because of interest to keep baseline stable…perverse incentives?
bicycle infrastructure
Bicycle Infrastructure
  • Increase non-motorized trips in Santiago
  • Introduction of further bicycle infrastructure (lanes)
  • Measure the emissions reductions from increased travel by bikes on a specific route (modeling, observation, etc.)
  • Quantify those reductions and

develop as a CDM project

bicycle infrastructure s
Bicycle Infrastructure – ?’s

Methodological questions…

  • Compare project to current or future projected mode split?
  • What to do if data is not available for short (bike appropriate) trips?
  • Monitoring:

Surveys? (determine mode choice without bikes)

Counting? (what sampling frequency is sufficient?)


location efficiency background
Location Efficiency - background

Urban form can:

  • Reduce number of motorized trips
  • Increase share of non-motorized trips
  • Reduce travel distances, increase vehicle occupancy rates


DENSITY – i.e. lot size

DIVERSITY– mix of land uses & proximity

DESIGN – street layout, block design, parking

location efficiency examples
Location Efficiency - examples

Policy initiatives aimed at impacting travel demand:

  • Location-Efficient Mortgage (LEM)
  • Policy Guidance on using land use measures to improve Air Quality (US EPA)
  • ‘Transit-Oriented Development’ (TOD) initiatives, such as Hong Kong’s metro station concession program; US programs (WMATA, BART, etc.)
  • Other financial incentives, i.e., aimed at developers
location efficiency our project
Location Efficiency: our project

Densification or “location efficient” development around

metro stations…

  • Identify specific real estate development opportunities
  • Quantify the travel behavior impacts of those developments
  • Estimate the net impacts on transportation greenhouse gas emissions of the prospective developments
  • Determine how to fit this within the CDM.
  • Supporting existent work looking at efficient dev’t (MINVU) or “neighborhood efficiency”
location efficiency s
Location Efficiency - ?’s
  • Baseline and Additionality:
  • Where would the developments have otherwise located?
  • What would have been the travel characteristics and subsequent emissions of those alternative locations?
  • Over what time period can the emissions reductions be realistically credited?
  • To what degree are the reductions “additional” to business-as-usual?
  • How can co-benefits (i.e., local air pollution reduction, other social benefits (costs)) be calculated and effectively incorporated into the methodology?
location efficiency s1
Location Efficiency - ?’s

Monitoring and verification:

  • How can the emissions reductions be adequately monitored and verified?
  • Could surveys be incorporated into the real estate projects to determine trip-making behavior (including all non-motorized trips)?
  • Could public transport ridership be monitored
    • Track VKT or mode split?
    • Surveys? Local traffic counts? Metro boardings?
  • Is it appropriate to use modeling results for current or projected data?
location efficiency s2
Location Efficiency – ?s
  • Subsidies - Urban renovation, historic preservation, low income housing
  • CDM could bringing additional funds to support subsidies
  • How/if subsidies could be modified to fit as a CDM project?
  • Mechanisms to promote transit-oriented development; transport-efficiency subsidies (or mortgages), a fund in which a CDM investor could invest, others
  • How to develop these?; Who would be the “players” (Metro, Ministry of Planning, Banks, Municipalities).
transport carbon price
Transport & Carbon Price
  • At $5/tonne CO2… removing a car from the road would be worth about $15 to $20/year
  • not sufficient incentive on its own
  • added sweetener for otherwise locally beneficial projects
discussion key questions
Discussion – key questions
  • How to compensate for impacts on own baseline? i.e. disincentives?
  • If transportation projects are not feasible under the current CDM guidelines, is there a need for revised guidelines? If so, what type? How could these be developed and introduced?

Upcoming Events

UNFCCC Side Event: Wed, 10 Dec 1:00 p.m.- 3:00 p.m.

“Getting there: tackling transport emissions”

Multi-stakeholder, high-level event on technical and lifestyle fixes as options for reversing the transport emissions trend. Moderated by Simon Upton.


“CDM and Transportation: Challenges and Opportunities”

Santiago, Chile, Sept 2004

Int’l workshop on Transport & CDM issues

& presentation of the conclusions of the IISD/CCAP/CC&D work



Jodi Browne

Climate Change & Energy, IISD

Tel: +1 (613) 238-9821

Steve Winkelman

Manager of Transportation, CCAP

Tel: +1 (202) 408-9260

Eduardo Sanhueza

Director , CC&D

Tel: +56 (2) 209-1770