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Mauryan Empire

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  1. Mauryan Empire By: Geoffrey Smith Block 5

  2. Location & Time • 322 BCE–185 BCE • Modern day India

  3. Administrative Institutions • Ruled by an emperor ( Samraat) • 4 provinces( Tosali in the east,Ujjain in the west, Suvarnagiriiin the south, and Taxilain the north) ruled by kings • Bureaucracy

  4. Military Power • Troops were from all over the caste system but most were from warrior classes in western and central India. • Didn’t use fortifications, preferred complex formations that could be formed quickly. • 600,000 infantry, 30,000 cavalry, and 9,000 war elephants

  5. Trade • Mauryan currency was the Pana (copper and silver coins) • Most trade was done internally • Most external trade was with China and Persia

  6. Role of Cities • Trade with one another • Preserve cultural and religious ideas • Keep peace with each other to avoid civil war

  7. Social Hierarchy • Brahmins- Priest • Kshatriyas- Warriors • Vaishyas- Merchants & Peasants/Farmers • Shudras- Slaves/Labor class • Chandalas- Untouchables

  8. Patriarchy • Women had no rights • Couldn’t marry outside of their caste rank

  9. Collapse • Weak government after Ashoka • Separation followed by Greek invasions • Civil wars

  10. MLA Citation • “Mauryan Empire.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, August 14, 2011. Web. September 7, 2011. • Map of Mauryan Empire. Wikipedia database. India, 320 B.C.E. Web. September 14. 2011. • Mauryan Currency. Wikipedia database. India, 320 B.C.E. Web. September 14. 2011.