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THE ROLE OF HOUSING POLICY. REDUCING EXTREME INCOME DISPARITIES UNECE/UNDP seminar (Geneva 2-3 October 2003) Dr. Iskra DANDOLOVA Bulgarian Academy of sciences. Outline. Housing policy concept Housing in SEE Current trends in housing policy development in SEE

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the role of housing policy

THE ROLE OF HOUSING POLICY

REDUCING EXTREME INCOME DISPARITIES

UNECE/UNDP seminar

(Geneva 2-3 October 2003)

Dr. Iskra DANDOLOVA

Bulgarian Academy of sciences

outline
Outline
  • Housing policy concept
  • Housing in SEE
  • Current trends in housing policy development in SEE
  • Relevance of social housing policy
  • Recommendations
  • Conclusion
housing policy concept
Housing policy concept
  • Housing : a basic physical & social need
  • Housing is inextricably linked to people’s physical survival and security
  • Symbol of existence, identity, solidarity
  • Basic place for labour activities
  • Key factor for stabilizing population movements
  • Instrument for managing the dynamic processes of urbanization and migration
  • Analysis of specialized housing information is a condition for developing a successful housing policy
  • Housing and poverty
housing policy acces to housing
Housing policy = Acces to Housing
  • Regulation of the market
  • Housing provision
  • Provision of social protection and social services support
  • Empowerment of vulnerable people
building blocks of housing policy aims
Building blocks of Housing policy aims:

Housing policy = HM + SH + RE

  • 1. Access through the Marketplace
  • 2. Redistribution through the State : Social housing
  • 3. Reciprocal exchange
current trends in housing policy development in see
Current Trends in Housing Policy Development in SEE

Housing policy development process is decelerated by:

  • Decentralization
  • Mass Privatization
  • Restitution
general housing statistics in eu see
General Housing statistics in EU & SEE
  • EU : 377 mln people occupy 171 mls housing units

(incl. 7% vacant units)

  • 3 mls homeless
  • 18 mls in inadequate accommodation
  • 300 – 500 dwellings per 1000 inhabitants
  • SEE 1990 : 59 mln people occupy 19 mln (approx)
  • SEE 2001 : 56 mln people occupy ??? mln housing units
  • ??? mln homeless
  • 2 mln people homeless as a result of the conflicts
  • 5 mln people deeply affected in housing by the conflicts
  • ??? mln units in inadequate accommodation
  • 150 – 450 dwellings per 1000 inhabitants
current trends in housing policy development in the see region
Current Trends in Housing Policy Development in the SEE Region
  • Specific historical and geopolitical challenges of the region
  • Brief and frail history of the social housing before the transition
  • Emergence of SH notion with the reform process
  • Some good social policy elaboration examples: Croatia and Romania
  • Lack of clear division of competencies between central and local government
  • Lack of specialized participants
current trends in social housing policy development
Current Trends in Social Housing Policy Development

It has been observed in the region the setting up of a selection criteria for the demand

  • Elaboration of a set of criteria used by authorities for granting access to SH
  • In some current practices, the economic criteria are the most used criteria for screening social housing candidates
current trends in social housing policy development10
Current Trends in Social Housing Policy Development

Inadequate availability of SH stocks

  • Insufficient new construction

Some new constructions are privatized

A small number of new dwellings have been completed

  • Unused potential of private housing in the social housing policy ; It is not used as an instrument in the policy ; the private stock has a strong potential for enlarging social housing stock
relevance of social housing policy
Relevance of social housing policy
  • Every country in the region has a great interest in
  • assuring a social housing strategy:
  • to protect vulnerable groups
  • to ensure social cohesion
  • to facilitate labour mobility
  • stabilize young countries
the building blocks of social housing policy
The Building Blocks of Social Housing Policy

Access

Institution

Legislation

Social housing stock

Eligible vulnerable groups

  • access to SH is possible through a clear legal base and system of institutions
  • right to access is not a real access
eu housing policy benchmark
EU Housing policy benchmark

To promote reforms towards a democratic model

  • Addressing the issues in accordance with European Standards, the European Social Charter and the Charter of Fundamental Rights

EU Council in Nice Dec/2000 objectives:

  • To facilitate participation in employment and access to all resources, rights, goods, services
  • To prevent the risk of exclusion
  • To help the most vulnerable
  • To mobilise all relevant bodies
the new paradigm to housing policy
The new paradigm to housing policy :
  • Housing as economic engine

Instruments for enabling housing policy:

  • Property rights
  • Mortgage finance
  • Subsidies
  • Residential land
  • Building industry
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Establishment of a legal base and a system of institutions
  • Targeting eligible vulnerable groups
  • Clear definition of the competencies of the relevant authorities, establishment of a permanent national unit
  • Designing specific financing mechanisms to ensure fiscally sustainable flow of resources for SH
recommendations17
Recommendations
  • Using private stock in the enlargement of the SH capacity. Incentives should be designed for private owner to rent dwellings to people in need
  • Definition of an allocation system, giving a priority to well targeted groups
  • Avoidance of the creation of entire residential areas
  • Providing training for personnel
conclusion
Conclusion

Housing policy is a major factor against poverty:

  • Address Identification of individuals
  • Protection & relative security
  • Privacy
  • Facilities for physical needs
  • Facilities for social alternatives
  • Potencial for individual development
  • Potencial for labour activities (in/about)
  • Makes people socialy inclusive

THE SUCCESS OF THE HOUSING POLICY ULTIMATELY DEPENDS ON ITS CONSTRUCTION AS AN INTEGRAL SYSTEM.

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