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MARYLAND. 1632 - the land is given to Sir George Calvert from King Charles I He envisions a colony where Catholics can practice their religion freely Calvert dies, leaving his son, Lord Baltimore , to settle the colony Land grants are given to attract settlers

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Maryland
MARYLAND

  • 1632 - the land is given to Sir George Calvert from King Charles I

  • He envisions a colony where Catholics can practice their religion freely

  • Calvert dies, leaving his son, Lord Baltimore, to settle the colony

  • Land grants are given to attract settlers

  • 1649 – Act of Toleration is passed to provide religious freedom to all Christians.


The carolinas
THE CAROLINAS

  • The northern section is mostly comprised of poor tobacco farmers from Virginia.

  • Further south, 8 English nobles receive a land grant from King Charles II in 1663. They settle in Charleston.

  • Rice and Indigo become valuable cash crops

  • Planters import slaves from Africa to cultivate these crops.

  • 1712 – the colony splits between North Carolina and South Carolina.


Georgia
Georgia

  • 1732 – James Ogelthorpe establishes the colony as a safe haven for debtors.

  • First settlement is Savannah.

  • Originally, slavery was forbidden, and farms could be no larger than 500 acres.

  • Plantations and slave labor are later allowed, allowing the colony to prosper.

  • England hoped that Georgia would serve as a buffer between the Carolinas and Florida.


Tidewater plantations
Tidewater Plantations

  • Rich farmland located along rivers and creeks of the coastal plain.

  • VA, MD, NC: major tobacco growing areas.

  • SC, GA: rice and indigo.

  • Slaves do most of the work on these plantations.

  • Only a small percentage of white southerners owned large plantations, yet these planters set the Southern style of life.


The backcountry south
The Backcountry South

  • Rolling hills and thick forests located at the base of the Appalachian Mts.

  • More democratic, people are seen as equals.

  • Tend small fields of corn or tobacco

  • Close knit families who work together to husk corn or build barns.


The growth of slavery
The Growth of Slavery

  • By 1700, Southern plantations rely on slave labor.

  • Some are skilled workers, such as carpenters or blacksmiths. Some work in the Great House as cooks or servants.

  • Slave Codes – laws passed to regulate slave behavior and deny them their rights

  • Viewed as property, not human beings.

  • Planters viewed the black Africans as being inferior to the white Europeans. This belief that one race is superior to another is called racism.