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Wundt and the Founding of Psychology
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  1. Wundt and the Founding of Psychology

  2. Wundt's Teachers • J. Müller: 1855 Wundt studied with him for a year in Berlin • G. Fechner: 1887 left all his papers to Wundt. Wundt shared some of his broader interests • W. Helmholtz: Wundt was his assistant until 1864.

  3. While Wundt was Helmholtz's assistant • 1862 Wundt writes his first book: Contribution to a Theory of Sense Perception • 1863 writes Lectures on the Minds of Men and Animals

  4. Wundt's Transitional Period (1865-1871) • Independent physiology tutor and associate faculty at Heidelberg • 1866-1869 elected to the Second Chamber of the Baden Parliament • 1867 he started to teach a course in physiological psychology.

  5. Academia before Leipzig • 1871 offered a regular faculty position at Heidelberg • 1873-74 publishes Physiological Psychology, a most important work. • 1874-75 Professor in Zurich

  6. At Leipzig • 1875 assumes a chair in Philosophy • 1876 starts teaching experimental psychology. • 1879 official beginning of lab • 1883 lab incorporated into the U. • 1897: lab becomes an a whole building • 1881 founds first journal in Psychology

  7. Some of Wundt's important Writings • Wundt's major work was the 20 volumes Völkerpsychologie (1900-1920) • The book in which he describes his model of the mind is the 1894 Outlines of Psychology • Extremely prolific writer: more than 50,000 pages

  8. Wundt's influence • Many students: supervised 116 psychology theses, and 70 philosophy theses • American students: James McKeen Cattell, Frank Angell , G. Stanley Hall, Edward Titchener and Lightner Whitmer • One woman student: Anna Berliner

  9. Titchener (1867-1927) • Was considered the "official carrier" of Wundt's influence to the US • Translated some of Wundt's work • Much more pragmatic and mechanistic than Wundt. Wundt's voluntarism becomes Titchener's structuralism. • Starts a group of Experimentalists in 1904 (no women allowed)

  10. Some Early Women Psychologists • Christine Ladd Franklin (1847-1930), studied under G.E. Müller in Gottingen • Margaret Floy Washburn (student of Titchener), founder of the Comparative Psychology field • Lucy May Boring (1886-1996), worked w/ her husband, a noted historian of psychology.

  11. THE END