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Bell work. Find the piece of paper with your name on it and sit at that table. Read p. 315 “Health & Safety” Answer on a sheet of paper: Which of these guidelines for preventing childhood obesity do you think would have the greatest impact and why?. Promoting Development . Parenting: Unit 2.

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bell work
Bell work
  • Find the piece of paper with your name on it and sit at that table.
  • Read p. 315 “Health & Safety”
  • Answer on a sheet of paper: Which of these guidelines for preventing childhood obesity do you think would have the greatest impact and why?
promoting development

Promoting Development

Parenting: Unit 2

objectives

Objectives

Identify ways parents can promote physical development (2.4)

Give examples of ways parents can promote physical development (2.4.2)

tips for promoting physical development p 4
Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)
  • 1. Assist In Physical Growth and Development
    • EncourageManual Dexterity—ability to manipulate objects with the hands
    • Understand that at birth an infants’ movements are controlled by reflexes, which are automatic responses to stimulation
    • Encourage development of the senses.
sensory development
Sensory development
  • Vision
    • Birth – Infants can focus only at close range, a distance of 8-10 inches.
    • Within a few weeks a baby can track or follow by sight the movement of an abject or person.
    • By three of four months babies begin developing depth perception; the ability to see objects as 3 dimensional. This is fully developed by 7 months.
sensory development1
Sensory development
  • Hearing –
  • Babies are able to hear before they are even born.
  • Newborns pay attention to their parents’ voices and may even stop moving when a conversation stops.
  • Newborns learn to recognize an individuals voice who speaks to them often.
  • Often startled by loud noises; doorbell, dog barking, etc.
sensory development2
Sensory development

Touch –

The sense of touch is fully developed at birth.

When infants cry they can often be calmed down by holding and/or cuddling them close to your chest.

Some babies feel comfortable when wrapped in a blanket.

sensory development3
Sensory development
  • Taste –
  • Newborns have a well-developed sense of taste.
  • Researchers have found that within hours of birth they can distinguish among sweet, sour, and bitter tastes
  • Not surprisingly, they prefer sweet ones!
  • Munchkin Fresh Food feeder. 2pk= $6.99
sensory development4
Sensory development
  • Smell –
  • The sense of smell develops very soon after birth.
  • In the first few days an infant will recognize and prefer the smell of their mother, or primary caregiver.
  • Since babies are so sensitive to smells, parents should avoid exposing them to strong odors.
tips for promoting physical development p 41
Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

2. Promote Nutrition and Fitness

  • Feed them nutritious foods!
  • Don’t force them to finish their plates!
  • Avoid harmful foods

(Under 4 years)—

    • Small hard foods such as nuts, seeds, popcorn, chips, pretzels, raw carrots, and raisins
    • Slippery food such as while grapes, large pieces of hot dog, hard candy, and cough drops
tips for promoting physical development p 42
Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)
  • 3. Promote Good Eating Habits
    • Introduce foods…make it fun!
    • Serve finger foods, room temp, mildly flavored and make plates attractive and fun
    • Remember—Monkey see, Monkey do! (Practice what you preach!)
    • Handle finicky eaters with care (see p. 314-315)
tips for promoting physical development p 43
Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)
  • 4. Promote Physical Activity
    • Model this!
    • Remember that exercise strengthens the brain as well as the body.
    • The habits children get into will become habits they will have as teens and adults.
    • Exercising together builds family bonds.
tips for promoting physical development p 44
Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

5. Promote Motor Development

  • Large and Small motor skills
  • Eye-hand coordination—theability to move the hands accurately in response to what the eye sees
  • Give them opportunities to practice their new skills!
motor skills
Motor Skills
  • Motor skillsare abilities that depend on the controlled use of muscles.
  • Motor skill development follows a very specific sequence.
large motor skills
Large Motor skills
  • Sometimes called “gross motor skills”
  • Head and neck control: wobbly at first but by 6 mo. controls head very well.
  • Most infants can roll over by the age of six months
  • Able to pull themselves up to sitting position
  • Crawling, standing, climbing, and walking follow soon.
small motor skills
Small motor skills
  • Sometimes called “Fine motor skills”
  • Batting objects with their hands
  • Able to grasp objects
  • Pincer grasp – the ability to take hold of small objects between thumb and forefinger.
  • Drinking from a cup is an example of a small motor skill.
tips for promoting physical development p 45
Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)
  • 6. Teach & Encourage Self Care Routines
    • Dental Care
    • Bathing
    • Toileting
      • Sphincter muscles—muscles in the bowel and bladder regions that regulate elimination develops between 18 mo. & 3 years
      • More important than age Watch for signs of readiness

(p. 320)

      • Bedwetting is a sign ofenuresis—the lack of urinary control.
  • Bedwetting is a physical problem, NOT an emotional one that should be treated with sympathy and practical support. (For more information on what parents should do see p. 321-323)
tips for promoting physical development p 46
Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)
  • 7. Insure Adequate Sleep
    • Get into a good routine.
    • Deal with fear of the dark and nightmares.
tips for promoting physical development p 47
Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)
  • 8. Choose Safe Clothing
    • Consider safety, ease, durability, comfort and care.
    • No Drawstrings – can get caught on playground equipment or objects such as doors, tree branches or fences.
    • Shoes need to be worn for protection and to provide support.
    • Flame resistant—treated with chemicals that will self-extinguish if they catch on fire.
how could the following help a child s development
How could the following help a child’s development
  • Dental appointments
  • Exercise
  • Medical appointments
  • Provide adequate nutrition
  • Provide adequate toys/opportunities
  • Assist, but allow them to practice dressing and typing skills
  • Facilitate/encourage sport involvement
promoting physical development p 3
Promoting physical development (p. 3)
  • List 4 ways parents can promote physical development at each stage individually.
  • If you cannot think of 4 you may ask your table for suggestions.