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The Green Revolution Feeding the World Population. BAE/SOIL 4213 Precision Agriculture. The Green Revolution Usually refers to the transformation in agriculture that began in 1945 The History

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the green revolution feeding the world population

The Green RevolutionFeeding the World Population

BAE/SOIL 4213

Precision Agriculture

slide2

The Green Revolution

  • Usually refers to the transformation in agriculture that began in 1945
  • The History
  • 1940: Mexican Government wished to establish an agricultural research station to develop more varieties of wheat that could be used to feed the rapidly growing population of the country.
  • 1943 : Norman Borlaug, graduate of the University of Minnesota, arrives in Mexico for an agricultural research position
  • Mexico imported half its wheat
  • Dr. Borlaug begins developing semi-dwarf high yielding, disease-resistant wheat varieties
  • Based on Dr. Borlaug’s immediate success in agricultural development, Rockefeller Foundation sought to spread development to other nations
slide4

The Plan

  • Irrigation
  • High-yielding varieties
  • Fertilizer
slide5

1947: India and Pakistan gain independence from Great Britain

Parastatal seed and grain monopolies

Breeding and seed production problem

Famine starts in the rural areas

1950’s: Dwarf Wheats continue to be developed in Mexico.

slide6

Shuttle Breeding Program

Ciudad Obregon

Elevation: 226 ft

Avg. High: 86 °F

Avg. Low: 69 °F

El Batan

Elevation: 7,575 ft

Avg. High: 75 °F

Avg. Low: 50 °F

slide7

1956: Mexico self-sufficient

1959: The Office of Special Studies in Mexico became an informal international research institution

1960: Government of the Republic of the Philippines with Ford and Rockefeller Foundations established IRRI, the International Rice Research Institute

1961: India on brink of mass famine

Dr. Norman Borlaug invited

by the adviser to the Indian

minister of agriculture.

Ford Foundation and Indian

government collaborated to

import wheat seed from

Mexico.

slide8

1963: The Office of Special Studies in Mexico formally became CIMMYT, The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.

Dr. Norman Borlaug sent to Pakistan and India

slide9

1964: Mexico exported 500,000 tons of wheat

1965: Dr. Norman Borlaug sent CIMMYT wheat to Pakistan

1968: The term “Green Revolution” first used

USAID director William Gaud, noting the spread of new technologies , said, “These and other developments in the field of agriculture contain the makings of a new revolution. It is not a violent Red Revolution like that of the Soviets, nor is it a White Revolution like that of the Shah of Iran. I call it the Green Revolution.”

Pakistan becomes self-sufficient in wheat production

Seed and Fertilizer made available in India

1971: CGIAR, the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research established

1974: India self-sufficient in wheat production

1980s -1990s: Backlash from High-Yield Agriculture