The Green Revolution Feeding the World Population. BAE/SOIL 4213 Precision Agriculture. The Green Revolution Usually refers to the transformation in agriculture that began in 1945 The History
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Parastatal seed and grain monopolies
Breeding and seed production problem
Famine starts in the rural areas
1950’s: Dwarf Wheats continue to be developed in Mexico.
Elevation: 226 ft
Avg. High: 86 °F
Avg. Low: 69 °F
Elevation: 7,575 ft
Avg. High: 75 °F
Avg. Low: 50 °F
1959: The Office of Special Studies in Mexico became an informal international research institution
1960: Government of the Republic of the Philippines with Ford and Rockefeller Foundations established IRRI, the International Rice Research Institute
1961: India on brink of mass famine
Dr. Norman Borlaug invited
by the adviser to the Indian
minister of agriculture.
Ford Foundation and Indian
government collaborated to
import wheat seed from
1963: The Office of Special Studies in Mexico formally became CIMMYT, The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
Dr. Norman Borlaug sent to Pakistan and India
1965: Dr. Norman Borlaug sent CIMMYT wheat to Pakistan
1968: The term “Green Revolution” first used
USAID director William Gaud, noting the spread of new technologies , said, “These and other developments in the field of agriculture contain the makings of a new revolution. It is not a violent Red Revolution like that of the Soviets, nor is it a White Revolution like that of the Shah of Iran. I call it the Green Revolution.”
Pakistan becomes self-sufficient in wheat production
Seed and Fertilizer made available in India
1971: CGIAR, the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research established
1974: India self-sufficient in wheat production
1980s -1990s: Backlash from High-Yield Agriculture