CHAPTER 20 WEATHER

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CHAPTER 20 WEATHER. Monday December 10, 2012. TODAY’S KEY IDEA: Energy enters the Earth system primarily as solar radiation and eventually escapes as heat. CaStd . Earth Science 4: Energy in the Earth System. Journal of Learning Final Exam P2: 12/19 Wednesday 1 hour Final Examination

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### CHAPTER 20WEATHER

Monday

December 10, 2012

TODAY’S KEY IDEA: Energy enters the Earth system primarily as solar radiation and eventually escapes as heat.

CaStd. Earth Science 4: Energy in the Earth System

• Journal of Learning
• Final Exam
• P2: 12/19 Wednesday
• 1 hour Final Examination
• ½ hour Chapter 20 Weather Exam

SECONDARY IDEAS:

• Weather is caused by warmer air interacting with cooler air.
• Convection currents are caused by less dense air rising and more dense air sinking to fill in the “hole”.
• Warmer air is LESS DENSE than cooler air.
• Less dense matter “floats” on top of more dense matter.

Monday

October 21, 2012

DENSITY

LESS DENSE RISES!

TODAY’S KEY IDEA: Energy enters the Earth system primarily as solar radiation and eventually escapes as heat.

CaStd. Earth Science 4: Energy in the Earth System

What did I just say?

In sentence form, write what I recently said about DENSITY.

In sentence form, write what I recently said about how WARMER MATTER AND COOLER AIR interact.

### 20.4 Hurricanes and Winter Storms

Monday

December 10, 2012

TODAY’S KEY IDEA: Energy enters the Earth system primarily as solar radiation and eventually escapes as heat.

CaStd. Earth Science 4: Energy in the Earth System

• Journal of Learning
• Final Exam
• P2: 12/19 Wednesday
• 1 hour Final Examination
• ½ hour Chapter 20 Weather Exam

HAVE ONLY THE FOLLOWING

• Pen or Pencil
• Journal of Learning
• 1 sheet of Plain Paper
• Powerpoint Notes
• Chapter 20.4 HURRICANES

Chapter 20.4 - Hurricanes

• Section 20.4 - Agenda
• Hurricanes
• -What is a Hurricane
• -Hurricane Formation
• -Effects of Hurricanes
• Hurricane Warnings
• Winter Storms

Hurricanes

A Hurricane is a large rotating storm of tropical origin that has sustained winds of at least119km/hour (74 mph)

Hurricane Facts

• Most Violent Storms on Earth!!!
• Gets its energy from the heat of the
• oceans surface.
• Hurricanes that occur in the Pacific Ocean are called Typhoons.
• Hurricanes occur Form between 5 degrees and 20 degrees latitude.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

51. Which statement below is FALSE?

• Warmer magma rises and eventually is expelled as lava.
• A COLD FRONT occurs when a cold air mass collides with warmer air mass causing the warm air to rise.
• During the day, after the land becomes warmer than the ocean, air above the land mass rises and the cooler air from the ocean flows onto the land.
• Warm air sinks to the ground.

52. What is a temperature inversion?

• When the air is thicker
• When cold air is above and traps warm air on the ground.
• When colder air is closer to the ground
• When there is smog in the air

53. What is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere is

• Nitrogen
• Oxygen
• Argon
• Carbon dioxide

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

54. What is NOT a synonym for Sustained?

• Continued
• Long term
• Slow
• Strong

55. Hurricanes get their energy from warm Gulf of Mexico water, which gets its energy from

• The sun
• The Atlantic Ocean
• The Pacific Ocean
• The North American Tectonic Plate

56. Where do hurricanes NOT occur?

• In the warm ocean waters around the Equator
• Near the poles
• Between 5 – 20 degrees below the Equator
• Between 5 – 20 degrees above the Equator

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

LINED PAPER…

What did you just learn?

In sentence form, write what you just leaned about HURRICANES.

Hurricane Profile

– The Eye

• At the very center
• About 20 km (12.5 miles) diameter
• Precipitation ceases
• Winds subside

Vis2008

Hurricane Profile – The Eye Wall

• The Eye Wall
• Near the center
• Strongest winds
• Heaviest rainfall
• Air is rising.

Intenseconvective action.

• Wall of cumulonimbus clouds.

Eye

Eye wall

Hurricane Profile – Feeder Bands

Feeder Bands

Bands of thunderstorms known as feeder bands that spiral in toward the center of the hurricane.

Eye

Eye wall

Feeder bands

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

57. The center of a hurricane is called the

• eye
• wall
• circle
• hole

58. A synonym for subside is

• stop
• start
• restart
• continue

59. Which of the following is NOT precipitation?

• Rain
• Snow
• Hail
• Smog

NOW, WRITE MEANINGFUL SENTENCE FOR EACH QUESTION.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

60. Which of the following is most true of the Eye of the Hurricane?

• There is no precipitation
• There is no wind
• The eye is about 12 miles wide
• All of the above

61. Which of the following is most true of about the Eye Wall?

• Warm air is rising in the wall
• The wall has the strongest winds of the hurricane
• It is an area of intense convection currents
• All of the above

62. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

• The Eye of the hurricane is the warmest part of the hurricane.
• The feeder bands are spiraling bands of thunderstorms.
• The feeder bands of a hurricane have the same appearance as the arms in a Spiral Galaxy.
• Most hurricanes occur in the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii.

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

63. Where do hurricanes NOT occur?

• In the warm ocean waters around the Equator
• Near the poles
• Between 5 – 20 degrees below the Equator
• Between 5 – 20 degrees above the Equator

64. What is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere is

• Nitrogen
• Oxygen
• Argon
• Carbon dioxide

65. What is NOT a synonym for Sustained?

• Continued
• Long term
• Slow
• Strong

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

66. Hurricanes get their energy from warm Gulf of Mexico water, which gets its energy from

• The sun
• The Atlantic Ocean
• The Pacific Ocean
• The North American Tectonic Plate

67. Which statement below is FALSE?

• Warmer magma rises and eventually is expelled as lava.
• A COLD FRONT occurs when a cold air mass collides with warmer air mass causing the warm air to rise.
• During the day, after the land becomes warmer than the ocean, air above the land mass rises and the cooler air from the ocean flows onto the land.
• Warm air sinks to the ground.

68. What is a temperature inversion?

• When the air is thicker
• When cold air is above and traps warm air on the ground.
• When colder air is closer to the ground
• When there is smog in the air
• Carbon dioxid

NOW, WRITE MEANINGFUL SENTENCE FOR EACH QUESTION.

LINED PAPER…

What did just learn?

In sentence form, write what you just leaned about THE PARTS OF A HURRICANE.

Hurricane Formation

In order for a hurricane to form, there must be a supply of warm, moist air for a long period of time.

• Energy comes from condensing water vapor due to unstable humid air rising.
• When water vapor condenses to liquid water it releases 540 kcal per mole.
• When liquid water freezes to ice, it only lets off 80 kcal per mole.
• -Hurricanes rotatecounterclockwisein Northern Hemisphere.
• -Hurricanes rotate clockwise in Southern Hemisphere.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

69. The center of a hurricane is called the

• eye
• wall
• circle
• hole

70. A synonym for subside is

• stop
• start
• restart
• continue

71. Which of the following is NOT precipitation?

• Rain
• Snow
• Hail
• Smog

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

72. Which of the following is most true of the Eye of the Hurricane?

• There is no precipitation
• There is no wind
• The eye is about 12 miles wide
• All of the above

73. Which of the following is most true of about the Eye Wall?

• Warm air is rising in the wall
• The wall has the strongest winds of the hurricane
• It is an area of intense convection currents
• All of the above

74. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

• The Eye of the hurricane is the warmest part of the hurricane.
• The feeder bands are spiraling bands of thunderstorms.
• The feeder bands of a hurricane have the same appearance as the arms in a Spiral Galaxy.
• Most hurricanes occur in the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii.

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

75. Where do hurricanes NOT occur?

• In the warm ocean waters around the Equator
• Near the poles
• Between 5 – 20 degrees below the Equator
• Between 5 – 20 degrees above the Equator

76. What is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere is

• Nitrogen
• Oxygen
• Argon
• Carbon dioxide

77. What is NOT a synonym for Sustained?

• Continued
• Long term
• Slow
• Strong

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

78. Hurricanes get their energy from warm Gulf of Mexico water, which gets its energy from

• The sun
• The Atlantic Ocean
• The Pacific Ocean
• The North American Tectonic Plate

79. Which statement below is FALSE?

• Warmer magma rises and eventually is expelled as lava.
• A COLD FRONT occurs when a cold air mass collides with warmer air mass causing the warm air to rise.
• During the day, after the land becomes warmer than the ocean, air above the land mass rises and the cooler air from the ocean flows onto the land.
• Warm air sinks to the ground.

80. What is a temperature inversion?

• When the air is thicker
• When cold air is above and traps warm air on the ground.
• When colder air is closer to the ground
• When there is smog in the air
• Carbon dioxide

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

SCANTRON DAILY QUIZ

81. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

• In order for a hurricane to form, there must be a supply of warm, moist air for a long period of time.
• Hurricane formation begins in the tropic regions
• Hurricanes rotate clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere.
• The Coriolis Effect causes hurricanes to rotate.

82. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

• The Gulf of Mexico provides warm and moist surface air for long periods of time.
• Hurricane-type storms in the Pacific Ocean are called Typhoons.
• When water condenses (vapor  liquid) it releases loenergy.
• All of the above are false

83. What is the SECOND most abundant gas in the atmosphere is

• Nitrogen
• Oxygen
• Argon
• Carbon dioxide

NOW, WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWERS IN SENTENCE FORM.

LINED PAPER…

What did just learn?

Choose the 3 most important statements of fact regarding HURRICANES and re- write them in sentence form.

Hurricane Formation

• Three States of Development
• Tropical depression– winds do not exceed 61kph (38 mph)
• Tropical storm– winds between 61 to 119 kph (38 and 74 mph)
• Hurricane – winds between 119 to 300 kph

EARTH SCIENCE

SATURDAY STUDY GROUP

9am to 12noon

### ENDP 2

LAST PORTFOLIO

DECEMBER 17, 2012

TITLE:

Name:

BIG IDEA

THINGS I HAVE TO KNOW TO UNDERSTAND THE BIG IDEA

OTHER THINGS I COULD ALSO KNOW

Monday

December 10, 2012

TODAY’S KEY IDEA: Energy enters the Earth system primarily as solar radiation and eventually escapes as heat.

CaStd. Earth Science 4: Energy in the Earth System

• Journal of Assignments
• Journal of Learning