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The Adaptation Policy Framework . Bill Dougherty Stockholm Environment Institute – Boston Center Manila April 2004. An overview of the new UNDP-GEF product . Outline. Background (context, vision, objectives, approach) APF materials APF in practice Next steps. Context.

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the adaptation policy framework

The Adaptation Policy Framework

Bill Dougherty

Stockholm Environment Institute – Boston Center

Manila April 2004

An overview of the new UNDP-GEF product

outline
Outline
  • Background (context, vision, objectives, approach)
  • APF materials
  • APF in practice
  • Next steps
context
Context

Previous studies/guidance: Builds on earlier work

  • National Communications, NCSP
  • Previous methodologies
  • IPCC Third Assessment Report, 2001
  • UNFCCC/UNDP workshop, 2001

Lack of progress on adaptation: First NC

  • Countries reported difficulty in prioritising adaptations
  • Few adaptations implemented
  • Many studies remained as reports

How to Move from Studies

to Policy Action?

apf guiding vision
APF Guiding Vision

A society whose response to climate change combines national policy-making with proactive “bottom-up” or “grass roots” actions

apf goals and objectives
APF Goals and Objectives

Ultimate goal is to protect and, when possible, enhance human well-being in the face of climate variability and change

Development objective is to facilitate the incorporation of adaptation into a country’s national development strategy by promoting sustainable policy processes and reducing climate vulnerability

Operational objective is to provide technical guidance to national climate change teams for developing and assessing climate change adaptation policies and measures

apf approach guiding principles
APF Approach: Guiding Principles
  • Place adaptation in a development context
  • Build on current adaptive experience to cope with future climate
  • Recognize that adaptation occurs at different levels -- in particular, the local (bottom-up)
  • Recognize that adaptation will be an ongoing process
apf approach innovations
APF Approach: Innovations

The APF aims to:

  • Link grassroots with national policy-making, utilizing a stakeholder-driven and “bottom-up” approach
  • Focus on recent climate experience
  • Coordinate with current development policies, priorities and commitments (e.g., MEAs) as well as proposed future activities and investments, focusing on maladaptive activities
  • Integrate assessments across sectors and scales
slide8

APF Structure

1. Scope project

2. Assess current

vulnerability

3. Characterize future

climate-related risks

Increase adaptive capacity

Engagestakeholders

4. Develop adaptation

strategy

5. Continue

adaptation process

apf structure resource package
APF Structure: Resource “Package”
  • Executive Summary
  • User’s Guidebook
  • 9 Technical Papers (TPs)
      • Project scope and design
      • Stakeholders
      • Vulnerability assessment
      • Current climate risks
      • Future climate risks
  • 5-Module Training Package
      • trainer’s packet (slides, notes, background reading),
      • trainee’s packet (exercise workbook, case studies, background reading)
  • Illustrative Case Study Series
  • CD-Rom of Guidebook, TPs, Case Studies, and related tools and resources
  • Socio-economic conditions
  • Adaptive capacity
  • Formulation of adaptation strategy
  • Evaluate, monitor, and review
apf in practice framing the policy question
APF in Practice: Framing the Policy Question
  • What kind of policy instruments will reduce vulnerability to climate change?
  • What kind of policy decisions might be influenced by a project?
  • How might project results be introduced onto the local, or national policy agenda?
apf in practice target audience
APF in Practice: Target audience

Initial Primary audience

Climate change teams in developing countries

GEF projects

Secondary audience

Policy makers

Sectoral/environmental managers

Experts (including developed countries)

Multilateral and bilateral agencies

apf in practice operations
APF in Practice: Operations

Coordination and implementation achieved with:

  • An APF team that is representative of studies specific priorities (as identified in scoping process)
  • Broad, active stakeholder participation, from communities to line agencies
  • Incentives for stakeholders to continue the process beyond the project lifetime
apf in practice flexibility
APF in Practice: Flexibility

Use of APF steps can be tailored to suit

  • national priorities (key vulnerable systems)
  • previous national assessments
  • national team capacities
  • budget
  • time
apf in practice outputs
APF in Practice: Outputs
  • Self-sustaining stakeholder process
  • Increased national capacity for adaptation assessment
  • Recommendations for adaptation strategies, policies and measures
  • Strategy for continuing adaptation process
apf in practice outputs 2
APF in Practice: Outputs (2)

Strategies

  • Re-align national sustainable development goals
  • Re-align poverty reduction programmes

Policies

  • Develop a portfolio of adaptations
  • Implement guidelines for adaptation in national and local planning

Measures

  • Overcome barriers to adaptation
  • Enhance adaptive capacity
  • Alter investment plans
apf next steps
APF Next steps
  • Phase I: Methodologies (2001-2004)
    • Development of methodological material (User’s Guidebook, Technical Papers, case studies)
    • Development and provision of training on methods
  • Phase II: Implementation Support (2004-2006)
    • New TP series, focused on implementation
    • Planning and implementation of continuous professional development activities
    • Promotion of region-specific methods and expertise
    • Promotion of learning networks
    • Development of a web-based support tool
    • Translation