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Group 4: Rachel Longfors, Patricia Prins, and Tiffany Garcia March 30, 2004
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  1. Chapter 9: Managing Stress in Life Group 4: Rachel Longfors, Patricia Prins, and Tiffany Garcia March 30, 2004

  2. Background Information Grade Level: Freshmen College Students Age: 17-19 Reason: To inform them about what stress is, how to recognize stressors in their life, and the importance of implementing a stress relieving activity that works for them into their life.

  3. What Effects College Students Academics

  4. Part One What Is Stress?

  5. Stress the body’s and mind’s reaction to everyday demands or threats

  6. Types of Stress Distress- “Negative stress” Eustress- “Positive stress”

  7. What causes Stress? Stressor- any stimulus that produces a stress response

  8. Five general categories 1)Biological stressors 2)Environmental stressors 3)Cognitive or thinking stressors 4)Personal behavioral stressors 5)Life situations

  9. Biological stressors biochemical imbalances, mental or physical illnesses, disabilities, or injury

  10. Environmental Stressors

  11. Cognitive/thinking stressors the way a person perceives a situation or what a person expects from a situation

  12. Personal behavior stressors Negative reactions in a person’s body and mind caused by using…

  13. Life situations

  14. Body’s stress response a series of events put into action as the body prepares itself for danger! Nervous/endocrine system stages: 1) Alarm 2) Resistance 3) Fatigue

  15. “Fight or flight response” Alarm

  16. Resistance when the body tries to repair its damage from the stressful event and return to its normal state

  17. Fatigue Types: Physical Pathological Psychological

  18. Physical fatigue

  19. Pathological fatigue tiredness brought on by overworking the body’s defenses in fighting disease Ex. Anemia, flu, overweight, poor nutrition, also the use of caffeine and alcohol

  20. Psychological fatigue results from constant worry, overwork, depression, boredom, and isolation.

  21. Part Two Stress in Your Life

  22. Personality Types • Type A Personality • Type B Personality • Hardy Personality

  23. Type A Personality • Competitive • High Achieving • Relieve Stress by Working • Problem • Heart Disease

  24. Type B Personality • Laid back • Non-competitive • Problems • Holds onto stress causing more stress to accumulate • More likely to develop stress related disorders

  25. Hardy Personality • Resilience • Change • Commitment • Control

  26. What is stress tolerance? • The amount of stress that you can handle before you reach a state of too much stress

  27. Stress and Physical Health • High Blood Pressure • Headache • Asthma • Immune Response • Psychosomatic Response • Premature Death

  28. High blood pressure • Mental and emotional stress raises cholesterol levels which causes blockage of arteries resulting in high blood pressure • Results of high blood pressure • Heart Disease • Stroke

  29. Stress and Headaches • Stress causes tension in the head and neck • Migraines • Severe throbbing • Loss of balance or coordination • Changes in mood

  30. Stress and Asthma • An asthma attack can be triggered by high stress • Asthma attacks include: • Cough • Wheeze • Fight to get air • Can be life threatening

  31. Stress and your Immune System • Body cannot fight diseases as well when stressed • Stress increases your chances of diseases such as colds, flu, and cancers • Smoking and drinking put your immune system under more stress and at risk for more serious problems

  32. Psychosomatic Response • Psychosomatic response- a physical disorder that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness • Psycho- “Of the mind” • Somatic- “Of the body” • Range from minor to severe

  33. PsychosomaticResponse • Skin Disorders • Stomachaches • Digestive Problems • Headaches • Sleep Disorders

  34. Signs of Stress • Physical Signs • Emotional Signs • Mental Signs • Behavioral Signs

  35. Physical • Headaches and/or Migraines • Trembling or twitching • Upset stomach • Sweating • Trouble Sleeping • Grinding teeth • Dry mouth • Ringing in the ears

  36. Physical • Rash • Constipation • Diarrhea • Pounding Heart • Muscle Aches and tightness • Dizziness • Back Pain • Nervousness or Tics

  37. Emotional • Frustration • Nervousness • Boredom • Edginess • Feeling powerless • Being quick to anger • Crying

  38. Emotional • Impatience • Mood swings • Loneliness • Worrying • Low self-esteem • Becoming easily upset without cause • Confusion

  39. Mental • Trouble reading or thinking clearly • Lack of creativity • Constant worry • Losing sense of humor and perspective • Forgetting • Obsessive thoughts • Inability to make decisions

  40. Behavioral • Not eating • Overeating • Compulsive talking • Fidgeting • Tapping feet • Drumming fingers

  41. Behavioral • Using alcohol, caffeine, or other drug • Verbal or physical outbursts • Gambling • Recklessness and high risk behaviors • Hurrying • Forgetting one’s values

  42. Part Three Managing Stress

  43. Managing Stress • Must identify source of stress • Can be obvious or a combination of things • Two ways of dealing with stress • Eliminate stressor or reduce your exposure to stressor • Change the way you react to stressor

  44. Techniques for Managing Stress • There are several ways to manage stress: • Planning/Time Management • Rechannel Energy • Relax and Laugh • Support

  45. Class Activities • Mental Stress Management: • Imagery • Physical Relaxation Techniques: • Deep Breathing • Progressive Muscular Relaxation