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Key issue #3

Key issue #3. Why are different places similar?. Scale: From Local to Global. People were thinking “globally but want to act locally” Globally look at broad picture…pop. growth Locally would looking at ethnic groups in a neighborhood. Globalization of Economy.

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Key issue #3

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  1. Key issue #3 Why are different places similar?

  2. Scale: From Local to Global • People were thinking “globally but want to act locally” • Globally look at broad picture…pop. growth • Locally would looking at ethnic groups in a neighborhood.

  3. Globalization of Economy • Globalization is a process that involves the entire world and results in making something world wide in scope. • Human activities is rarely confined to one location • Scale of the world is shrinking. Why? • Very few people live in the remote areas • Transnational corporations led the globalization…they conduct research, operate factories, and sell products all over the world

  4. cont… • With tech…$$$ is moved easier • Transcorps will move location when it is valuable to the company…outsources

  5. Globalization of the Economy Fig. 1-17: The Denso corporation is headquartered in Japan, but it has regional headquarters and other facilities in North America and Western Europe.

  6. Globalization of Culture • Companies will keep uniform characteristics among all the countries • What are ie’s of companies that keep certain items the same? • English is universal language • threatening local cultures

  7. Distribution:Density, Concentration, & Pattern Fig. 1-18: The density, concentration, and pattern (of houses in this example) may vary in an area or landscape.

  8. Space: Distribution of Features • Spatial thinking is essential to understand the arrangement of objects across Earth. • Each building or person occupies a unique space on Earth • The arrangement of a feature in space is known as distribution • 3 properties of distribution: density, concentration and pattern

  9. Density • The frequency in which something occurs • Arithmetic Density: Total Number of objects in an area • Physiological Density:# of persons per unit of area suitable for ag • Agricultural Density:# of farmers per unit of farmland

  10. What are three ie’s of Arithmetic Density?

  11. Concentration • Extent of a feature’s spread over space. • If the objects are close together, they’re clustered. • If they are far apart they are dispersed.

  12. What are three examples of objects that are clustered and dispersed?

  13. Pattern • The geometric distribution of objects in space • Land Ordiance of 1785 gave grid patterns to the west. • College students planted pipe bombs across the US…the pattern…smiley face • How are MLB organized?

  14. Township & Range System in the US Fig. 1-4: Principal meridians & east-west baselines of the township system. Townships in northwest Mississippi & topographic map of the area.

  15. Tallahatchie River, Mississippiin Township Sections The Tallahatchie River is located in the southeast and southwest quarter-sections of Section 32, T23N R1E.

  16. Principal Meridians & BaselinesU.S. Land Ordinance of 1785

  17. U.S. Baseball Teams, 2007 Fig. 1-19: By 2007, U.S. baseball teams were much more dispersed than in 1952, and their number and density at a national level had increased.

  18. U.S. Baseball Teams, 1952 Fig. 1-19: Baseball teams were highly concentrated in the Northeast and Midwest in 1952.

  19. Density and Concentration of Baseball Teams, 1952 & 2007 Fig. 1-19: The changing distribution of North American baseball teams illustrates the differences between density and concentration.

  20. Gender and Ethnic Diversity in Space • Patterns vary among gender and ethnicity. • How would a typical family move in space? • What would a boy or girl do differently in a day? • How do ethnic groups move differently?

  21. Connection between Places • Spatial interaction • Diffusion • Relocation Diffusion • Expansion Diffusion • Hierarchal Diffusion • Contagious Diffusion • Stimulus Diffusion • Diffusion of Culture and Economy

  22. Space-Time Compression, 1492-1962 Fig. 1-20: The times required to cross the Atlantic, or orbit the earth, illustrate how transport improvements have shrunk the world.

  23. Airline Route Networks Fig. 1-21: Continental Airlines, like many others, has configured its route network in a “hub and spoke” system.

  24. Diffusion Group Work • Divide the class into 5 groups: • Each group must contain a reader, writer, drawer, and presenter. • You will research one of the following examples of Diffusion • You must write notes on an overhead and draw a picture to represent you example of diffusion

  25. AIDS Diffusion in the US,1981-2002 Fig. 1-22: New AIDS cases were concentrated in three nodes in 1981. They spread through the country in the 1980s, but declined in the original nodes in the late 1990s.

  26. New AIDS Cases, 1981 (per 100,000 population)

  27. New AIDS Cases, 1993 (per 100,000 population)

  28. New AIDS Cases, 2002(per 100,000 population)

  29. Cumulative AIDS Cases, 1981-2002

  30. The AIDS Memorial Quilt

  31. How does McD’s entail Geography?

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