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Joint Military Training in Alaska: Realizing Exceptional Potential. Mr Steven Hatter, ALCOM J7, 20 Sep 2010. DoD Training Range Challenges.
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Joint Military Training in Alaska: Realizing Exceptional Potential Mr Steven Hatter, ALCOM J7, 20 Sep 2010
DoD Training Range Challenges • “To properly prepare U.S. Forces for combat, DoD must train at ranges that encompass all the terrain, land cover, and climate conditions that military personnel and weapon systems may encounter during deployment….. sustaining these ranges is critical to ensuring readiness.” 2008 Report to Congress on Sustainable Ranges, OSD USD P&R • Trends Shaping Range Development and Sustainment: • Encroachment challenges to existing ranges • Limited/reduced funding • New platform training requirements (UAS, 5th Gen, net-centric, etc.) • Joint training doctrine: true joint interoperability demands mission rehearsals—tactical through operational levels of war • Electronic warfare capabilities….ours and our competitor’s • Space and Cyber domain training is a growth industry • Emerging Live, Virtual, Constructive (LVC) concepts and capabilities • Higher mandates: The Joint Operating Environment (JOE) 2010, The Capstone Concept for Joint Operations (CCJO) 2009, et. al.
The Questions We’re Asking How might Alaska be part of the solution needed to answer DoD range challenges What is the business model needed to achieve efficiencies and improved effectiveness across current Alaska capabilities, while also driving to a desired joint future?
Why Alaska? • Alaska, perhaps could be central to DoD’s 21st century range development and sustainment strategy…..we’ve “branded” this truth as JPARC • Compelling points: • Vast all domain capacity—little encroachment (environmental, commercial, host community) • Alaska-based Air Force and Army forces • Base infrastructure/Range instrumentation • Established joint and combined exercises • Live-virtual-constructive track record and existing architecture • “US soil” enables “US Only” vignettes—we maintain control of scenarios, but can play coalition too • Positive local/state environment for action—AMFAST = Alaska Military Force Advocacy & Structure Team (Gen Ralston, Gen Gamble, MG Hamilton, Jim Dodson…)
Why Alaska Now? 2010 • Changing military footprint demands vision and leadership to meet future joint context training needs • Alaska has unique strengths and untapped potential in contrast to shrinking training space elsewhere
What We’re Doing • Created the Alaska Joint Training Program of Excellence, with JPARC as its centerpiece • Accredited by JFCOM, December 2009 Report • A main focus is on USPACOM equities….warfighting capability gaps, war plan mission rehearsals • Created an Alaska Joint Range Strategic Working Group • Bring Stakeholders together; get in front of conflict; seek joint synergies • Gained CODEL, state, local, support -- $21M added in FY 10 • Influenced activation of Governor Parnell’s Alaska Military Force Advocacy and Structure team (AMFAST) • Gained funding for a comprehensive JPARC Environmental Impact Study (EIS). • Engaging with DoD stakeholders at all levels
Alaska Joint Range Strategic Working Group Yesterday Today Tomorrow? • Legacy Thinking: • Separate vectors • Funding • Requirements • Goals • Few COCOM equities • Missed opportunities • Un-forseen conflict • Joint Vision: • Coordinate vectors • Represent COCOMs • Pursue joint funding • Anticipate opportunities • Seek synergy • Pre-empt conflict • 21st Century Capability: • Live-Virtual-Constructive • Tactical Operational • Service MET to Joint • context • Mission rehearsals • Leaders in creativity • and joint process • Exploit Alaska’s strengths De-conflicted Ops and Training Integrated Ops and Training
JPARC EIS • Requirements + Visioning + Strategies = JPARC Master Plan; unconstrained 30-year planning horizon; 1st draft June 2010 • Master Plan Captures both Decision-ready projects and future “programmatic” projects • Decision-ready projects in this iteration of the EIS articulated Description of Proposed Action and Alternatives (DOPAA) • DOPAA “goes public” with formal government announcement in public register – Notice of Intent (NOI) • Public Scoping is DoD going to impacted communities to solicit their comments
Desired Future A world class, all domain, live-virtual-constructive, joint range that enables full spectrum 21st Century joint and multi-national training (Alaska Joint Range Strategic Working Group [JRSWG] Charter Mar 08) 2030 Army Mission Readiness Ex Air Force AEF Certifications Navy Joint Task Force EX OPERATIONAL TACTICAL Dedicated OPFOR Space platforms JTF “One Stop Shopping” TOTAL FORCE TRAINING SPECTRUM Homeland Security Electronic Warfare “Daily” Air/Land/Sea Interoperability War Plan Mission Rehearsals C2ISR Integration
The Army’s Combined Arms Collective Training Facility (CACTF): A JPARC Case in Point
Donnelly Training Area (DTA) • Maneuver Land 631,284 acres • 655,000 acres • DTA East 97,802 • DTA West 533,482 • Gerstle River 20,589 • Black Rapids 2,775 • 151,112 Acres of Impact Area • Capable of handling all conventional weaponry of Army and Air Force • Supports brigade level training year round and division level winter operations training • Ft. Greely • C-5/C-17 Capable Airfield • Limited Support Facilities Combined Arms Collective Training Facility (CACTF) 12
CACTF KEY TASKS: - Cordon and Knock - Presence Patrols - Surveillance - Search - Key Leader Events - IED Detection and Defeat - Establish Checkpoints - Escalation of Force - Employ progressive levels of force whenconfronting civilians - Perform movement techniques during urban operations - Aerial MEDEVAC/Resupply - Convoy operations North
Overpass Multi-Story Buildings Under Ground Trainer Market/Bazaar Multi-Story Buildings Urban Sprawl / AOR Village Walled Compounds