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La Pregunta

La Pregunta

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La Pregunta

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  1. La Pregunta ? ? How do I talk about a specific past action or event?

  2. / El Preterito (The Preterite) Talking about specific past actions or events En Español

  3. Uses of the Preterite “Tell What Happened” • Specific past event/action • Physical action • Beginning/End of an event/action • An interrupting action He ran. You sang. I jumped. We laughed.

  4. Conjugations of the Preterite Verbs that end in… -ar -er/-ir -é -amos -í -imos -iste -isteis -aste -asteis -ió -ieron -ó -aron

  5. Try it! Conjugate the verb HABLAR using your preterite endings. HABL AR -- É HABL HABL AMOS HABL ASTE HABL ASTEIS HABL Ó HABL ARON

  6. Now Try… Conjugate the verb COMER using your preterite endings. -- COM ER COM Í COM IMOS COM ISTE COM ISTEIS COM IÓ COM IERON

  7. And Finally.. Conjugate the verb VIVIR using your preterite endings. -- VIV IR VIV Í VIV IMOS VIV ISTE VIV ISTEIS VIV IÓ VIV IERON

  8. ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to Spanish: • I sang in the choir. • He ate lunch in the cafeteria. • We wrote a letter to our friend. • You read the magazine in the park. • Raúl y Emilio watched the baseball game. • Cantéen el coro. • Élcomióel almuerzo en la cafetería. • Escribimosuna carta a nuestraamiga. • Leíste la revista en el parque. • Raúl y Emilio miraron el juego de beisbol.

  9. -Car -Gar -Zar Words that end in –car, -gar, or –zar have a spelling change in the preterit yo-form of the verb. car Sa Empe zar gar Ju zar To Comen car

  10. -Car -Gar -Zar In the YO-Form of a –car/-gar/-zar verb, a spelling change takes place before adding the regular –ar ending of the verb. This is to preserve the sound that the letters make in the original verb before conjugation.

  11. -Car -Gar -Zar For example: X Sacar  Sacé Sacar  c c Sa é qu Saqué

  12. -Car -Gar -Zar For example: X Jugar  Jugé Jugar  g Ju g é gu Jugué

  13. -Car -Gar -Zar For example: X Empezar  Empezé Empezar é z z Empe Empecé c

  14. -Car -Gar -Zar Words that end in –car, -gar, or –zar have a spelling change in the preterit yo-form of the verb. -car: c  qu -gar: g  gu -zar: z  c

  15. -Car -Gar -Zar Since they’re all –ar verbs, Simply add your preterit –ar ending after you’ve made the spelling change in the yo-form. -é

  16. Now You Try! Conjugate the verb TOCAR using your preterite endings. Don’t forget your spell change in the yo-form! TOC AR -- É TO QU TOC AMOS TOC ASTE TOC ASTEIS TOC Ó TOC ARON

  17. Now You Try! Conjugate the verb JUGAR using your preterite endings. Don’t forget your spell change in the yo-form! AR -- JUG É JU GU JUG AMOS JUG ASTE JUG ASTEIS JUG Ó JUG ARON

  18. Now You Try! Conjugate the verb COMENZAR using your preterite endings. Don’t forget your spell change in the yo-form! AR -- COMENZ É COMEN C COMENZ AMOS COMENZ ASTE COMENZ ASTEIS COMENZ Ó COMENZ ARON

  19. dar Ir Ser ver ¡NO ACCENTS ANYWHERE! Irregular verbs in the preterit

  20. dar Ir Ser ver These four verbs have irregular conjugations. Rather than chopping off the endings of these verbs and adding on new ones, learn the following conjugations of each verb.

  21. Ir dar Ir - Ser To Go ver fui fuimos fuiste fuisteis fue fueron

  22. Ir - To Go fui fui mos fuiste fuiste is fue fue ron

  23. Guess what?!

  24. ser Ir - To Go be fui fuimos They’re the SAME! fuiste fuisteis fue fueron

  25. That’s Right! The conjugations of Ir and Ser are the SAME in the PRETERIT!!

  26. SEr Ir - To Go be fui fuimos fuiste fuisteis fue fueron

  27. dar Ir ver - Ser To See ver The only irregular thing about Ver in the preterit is that it doesn’t have any accents.

  28. ver - To See ¡NOACCENTS! vi vimos viste visteis vio vieron

  29. Dar and Ver are very similar in the preterit.

  30. Da To Give ve r - To See d v d v i imos d v iste d v isteis d v io d v ieron

  31. dar Ir Ser ver ¡NO ACCENTS ANYWHERE! Irregular verbs in the preterit

  32. ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to Spanish: • I went to the art museum. • We saw many sculptures. • You gave the waiter a tip. • The girls went to a restaurant.

  33. ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to Spanish: • I went to the art museum. • We saw many sculptures. • You gave the waiter a tip. • The girls went to a restaurant. • Fui al museo de arte. • Vimos muchas esculturas. • (Le)Diste una propina al mesero. • Las chicas fueron a un restaurante.

  34. Etapa 1.2 “Super Irregular” Verbs

  35. “Super Irregular”verbs To walk Andar – To be Estar – To have Tener – To be able Poder – To put/place Poner – To know Saber – To come Venir – To want Querer – To do/make Hacer –

  36. “Super Irregular”Stems Anduv- Andar : Estuv- Estar : Tuv- Tener : Pud- Poder : Pus- Poner : Sup- Saber : Vin- Venir : Quis- Querer : Hic- Hacer : –

  37. Conjugations of the Preterite Verbs that end in… -ar -er/-ir -é -amos -í -imos -iste -isteis -aste -asteis -ió -ieron -ó -aron

  38. Super IrregularEndings -ar -er/-ir New endings -e -amos -í -imos -iste -isteis -aste -asteis -ió -ieron -o -aron

  39. “Super Irregular”endings NO ACCENTS NO ACCENTS

  40. “Super Irregular”CONJUGATIONS STEM+ENDINGS • anduv- • estuv- • tuv- • pud- • pus- • sup- • vin- • quis- • hic-

  41. Let’s Conjugate! Conjugate the verb ESTAR in the preterite in your notes. estuve estuvimos estuviste estuvisteis estuvo estuvieron

  42. Let’s Conjugate! Conjugate the verb SABER in the preterite in your notes. Check your conjugations with your partner.

  43. Let’s Conjugate! How’d you do? supe supimos supiste supisteis supo supieron

  44. ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to English: • Marta anduvopor el parque. • ¡Tutuvistetresgalletas! • Nosotrossupimos la respuesta. • Yoquisemirarbeisbol. • Ellos no pudieronir al cine.

  45. ¡Traducimos! Read and translate these sentences to English: • Marta walked through the park. • You had three cookies! • We knew the answer. • I wanted to watch baseball. • They could not go to the movies.

  46. ¡Traducimos! Write these sentences in Spanish: • They wanted to eat lunch. • I was in the office. • We set the table. • You came to my school. • Maria walked to Sara’s house.

  47. ¡Traducimos! Write these sentences in Spanish: • Ellos quisieron comer el almuerzo. • Yo estuve en la oficina. • Nosotros pusimos la mesa. • Tu viniste a mi escuela. • Maria anduvo a la casa de Sara.

  48. ¡Tarea! Now that you know the 8 Super Irregular preterite verbs, your homework is: • Conjugate all 8 verbs in the preterite in your notes.

  49. J-stem Preterit Verbs There are a handful of verbs that when conjugated in the preterit, they take on the letter ‘j’. These verbs share similar endings to the Super Irregular Verbs

  50. J-stem Verbs To bring Traer – To tell Decir – To drive Conducir – To produce Producir – To translate Traducir –