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Delaware Statewide Pedestrian Action Plan Phase I: Policy Analysis. Presentation October/ November 2007. Walking is the most fundamental form of transportation.

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Delaware Statewide Pedestrian

Action Plan

Phase I: Policy Analysis


October/ November 2007


Walking is the most fundamental form of transportation

Walkability takes into account the quality of pedestrian facilities, roadway conditions, land use patterns, community support, security and comfort for walking.

  • Land Use Setting
    • Community
    • Accessibility
    • Location of Destinations
    • Quality of Connections
  • Site Design
    • Pathways
    • Building Access ways
    • Related Facilities
  • Street Design
    • Sidewalks
    • Crosswalks
    • Roadway Conditions
      • Widths
      • Traffic Volumes
      • Traffic Speeds
      • Accessible Pedestrian Signals

Key Issues from Executive Order No. 83

Ensuring that paths and sidewalks are continuous and interconnected where feasible.

Developing consistent design standards for crosswalks, sidewalks and pathways.

Clarifying maintenance responsibility for sidewalks.

Reviewing traffic rules and driver behavior to help support a safer pedestrian environment.

Promoting land use and traffic patterns that encourage walking and reduce air pollution.


Planning Process

Phase I: PolicyAnalysis Document

  • Complete July 2007

Phase II: Statewide Pedestrian Action Plan

  • Complete December 2007

Phase III: Implementation

  • Complete December 2008

Policy Analysis

    • ADA Requirements
    • Transition Plan to remove barriers
    • ADA Coordinator
    • Ensure ADA compliance
    • Provide ADA compliant facilities
        • All construction projects
        • All maintenance projects except patching and nonstructural repairs
    • Maintain path of travel for pedestrians
    • Provide funding for pedestrian & bicycle facilities and education
    • Enhance Bicycle and Pedestrian Coordinator
    • Establish a Safe Routes to School Coordinator
    • Provides traffic signs and pavement markings for older drivers and pedestrians

FHWA Policy For Pedestrian Facilities

    • Integrate ADA compliance with LRTP
    • Responsible for ADA compliance
      • Requirements and guidelines
      • Design
      • Construction
      • Maintenance
      • Regardless of funding source
    • Promote accessible transportation systems
    • Adopt ADA guidelines approved by Access Board

City of Dover


Policy Analysis

  • State Sidewalk Legislation, Policies, Regulations and Guidance
    • Title 17 – General Powers & Duties
    • Title 10 – Liability
    • Title 9 – Community Streets and Roads
    • Title 21 – Pedestrian & Driver Rights and Duties
    • Title 16 – White Cane Law
    • Policy Implement for Sidewalks 1995
    • Policy Implement Bus Stop (update pending)
    • DelDOT Road Design Manual 2004
    • DelDOT Design Memorandum 2006
    • DelDOT MUTCD Standards and Supplements 2003
    • DelDOT Subdivision Manual (pending adoption)

Crosswalk Elements

At wide intersections, pedestrian access can be enhanced through a variety of features.


Pedestrian Facility Elements

The zone system divides the sidewalk corridor into four zones to ensure that pedestrians have a sufficient amount of clear space to travel.

ZoneMin. Width

Curb 6 in.

Planter/Furniture/Utility 24 in., 48 in.

if planted

Pedestrian Access Route 60 in.

Frontage 30 in.

Total Sidewalk Corridor 10 ft. – 12 ft.


Vision, Goals and Recommendations


Improve the quality of life throughout Delaware by promoting safe and convenient pedestrian travel that enhances personal mobility, accessibility and fitness.

  • Inventory and Plan
  • Standards and Guidelines
  • Implementation and Education
  • Responsibility and Funding

Phase I Recommendations

Standards and Guidelines

Inventory and Plan

  • 1.1 Inventory pedestrian facilities and conduct Needs Study
  • 1.2 Develop a Transition Plan identifying all deficiencies
  • 1.3 Promote concept of Complete Streets
  • 1.4 Develop a system to prioritize pedestrian improvements
  • 1.5 Coordinate planning to integrate land use planning and transportation
  • 1.6 DelDOT organization structure changes and coordination
      • Title II ADA Coordinator
      • Bicycle Coordinator/ Specialist
      • Pedestrian Coordinator/ Specialist
  • 2.1 Develop policy that incorporates Complete Streets concepts
  • 2.2 Include sign off by Title II ADA Coordinator, Pedestrian Coordinator and Bicycle Coordinator as part of design process and subdivision review process
  • 2.3 Promote ADA compliance in context of Complete Streets Policy
    • Develop model guidelines for planning, design, construction, maintenance, operations and review
    • Train County and Municipal staff to incorporate Complete Streets
    • Develop an exception process
  • 2.4 Meet needs users of all abilities, address aesthetics requirements and long term maintenance issues

Phase I Recommendations

Implementation and Education

Responsibility and Funding

  • 3.1 Collaborate with other agencies to develop health education program focusing on benefits of walking and cycling
  • 3.2 Develop Project Prioritization Process
  • 3.3 Continue statewide pedestrian safety campaign
  • 3.4 Provide regular training with respect to latest standards and guidelines
    • Promote connections between pedestrian travel and other modes
    • Establish a system to reasonably accommodate pedestrians in all transportation projects
  • 4.1 Review and revise state and local codes addressing maintenance responsibilities
  • 4.2 Develop model maintenance programs
  • 4.3 Research available funding sources at all levels
  • 4.4 Explore creative funding strategies for pedestrian improvements and educations
    • Cost sharing programs
    • Developer infrastructure improvements and/or impact fees

Next StepsPhase IIA & IIB: Started September 2007

Pedestrian Counts and Observations

  • Urban, Suburban and Rural
  • Pedestrian Facilities and Barriers
  • Driver and Pedestrian Behaviors
  • Research and Development of Inventory Methodology

Research and Evaluation

  • Draft ADA Policy
  • Draft ADA Standards and Guidelines
  • Model Maintenance Codes and Programs
  • Review Transition Plans from Other Jurisdictions
next steps continued early implementation phase ii
Next Steps, continued early implementationPhase II:

Make Organizational Staffing Changes

  • Title II ADA Coordinator
  • Pedestrian Specialist
  • Bicycle Specialist

Refinement of Goals, Objectives and Action Items

Policies, Plans, Regulations, Standards and Guidelines

  • Consolidate and Revise for Consistency
  • Develop Draft ADA Policy and Exception Process
  • Develop Draft Complete Streets Policy
  • Develop Draft ADA Standards and Guidelines

City of New Castle

next steps continued phase iii begin january 2008
Next Steps, continued Phase III: Begin January 2008
  • Develop Prioritization System for development of Pedestrian Facilities
  • Research Funding Sources
  • Identify Implementation Strategies
  • Conduct Public Outreach
  • Plan Development

Town of Clayton


Next Steps

Phase III: Statewide Pedestrian Safety Action PlanJanuary 2008 – December 2008

  • Develop ADA Transition Plan for Public Right of Way
    • Remove Barriers to Pedestrian Access
    • Prioritize Pedestrian Facility Improvements
  • Conduct Staff Training on ADA Issues
  • Provide Technical Assistance to Local Agencies
  • Continue Ongoing Evaluation of Lessons Learned

Project Success Factors

  • Public Feedback
  • State and Local Partnerships
  • Additional Quality Facilities
  • Improved Facilities
  • Behavior Changes
  • Increase Pedestrian Trips
  • Reduction of Pedestrian Accidents

City of Wilmington