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Materials Handling. MODULE 18. Materials Handling on Oil and Gas Sites. What materials are handled? What machines are used to handle them? What precautions are taken to avoid accidents and injuries?. Regulations. 29 CFR 1910 Subpart N 29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N API RP 54, 4G, 9B

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materials handling on oil and gas sites
Materials Handling on Oil and Gas Sites
  • What materials are handled?
  • What machines are used to handle them?
  • What precautions are taken to avoid accidents and injuries?
  • 29 CFR 1910 Subpart N
  • 29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N
  • API RP 54, 4G, 9B
  • ANSI B56.6 for forklifts
  • Crane standards for derricks?
    • RP 54 and general duty clause
    • Look at application for each crane standard
materials handling and storage

Materials Handling and Storage


organization of subpart n
Organization of Subpart N
  • 1910.176 - Handling materials - general
  • 1910.177 - Servicing multi-piece and single piece rim wheels
  • 1910.178 - Powered industrial trucks
  • 1910.178 App A – Stability of powered industrial trucks (non-mandatory)
  • 1910.179 - Overhead and gantry cranes
  • 1910.180 - Crawler locomotive and truck cranes
  • 1910.181 - Derricks
  • 1910.183 - Helicopters
  • 1910.184 - Slings
1910 176 handling materials general
1910.176 Handling materials - general
  • Mechanical equipment: safe clearances; permanent passageways marked
  • Housekeeping – avoid tripping, fire, explosion, or pest harborage hazards
  • Covers or guardrails for open pits, tanks, vats, ditches
1910 176 handling materials general7
1910.176 Handling materials - general
  • Storage must not create a hazard: Stable/secure against sliding or collapse
1910 177 servicing multi piece and single piece rim wheels
1910.177 Servicing multi-piece and single-piece rim wheels
  • Applies to large vehicles; not pickups, automobiles, or vans
  • Training
  • Tire servicing equipment
  • Wheel component acceptability
  • Safe operating procedures
1910 178 powered industrial trucks
1910.178 Powered industrial trucks

Contains safety requirements relating to:

  • Fire protection
  • Design
  • Maintenance
  • Use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines
1910 178 powered industrial trucks11
1910.178 Powered industrial trucks
  • ANSI B56.1 1969
  • Marking indicating approval by testing laboratory
  • No modifications that affect capacity and safe operation without manufacturer’s prior written approval
  • Front-end attachments identified
  • Markings maintained legible
1910 178 b and c
1910.178(b) and (c)
  • Designations for industrial trucks by fuel and safeguards against ignition source
  • Designated locations where specific types of trucks may be used
    • Table N-1
1910 178 e safety guards
1910.178(e) Safety guards
  • Overhead guards for High Lift Rider trucks if operations permit
  • Vertical load backrest extension for types of loads that present hazards
1910 178 f fuel handling and storage
1910.178(f) Fuel handling and storage
  • Storing and handling of liquid fuels: Follow NFPA No. 30-1969
  • Storing and handling of LPG fuel: Follow NFPA No. 58-1969
1910 178 g changing and charging storage batteries
1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage batteries
  • Battery charging installations located in areas designated for that purpose
  • Facilities provided for
    • Flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte,
    • For fire protection,
    • For protecting charging apparatus from damage by trucks, and
    • For adequate ventilation for dispersal of fumes from gassing batteries
1910 178 g changing and charging storage batteries16
1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage batteries
  • Conveyor, overhead hoist, or equivalent provided for handling batteries
  • Reinstalled batteries properly positioned and secured in the truck
1910 178 g changing and charging storage batteries17
1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage batteries
  • When charging batteries, acid poured into water; not water poured into acid
  • Trucks properly positioned and brake applied before attempting to change or charge batteries
  • Care taken to assure that vent caps are functioning
1910 178 g changing and charging storage batteries18
1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage batteries



No smoking

sparks or

open flames

  • Smoking prohibited in the charging area
  • Precautions taken to prevent open flames, sparks, or electric arcs in battery charging areas
  • Tools and metallic objects kept away from the tops of batteries
1910 178 h and i
1910.178(h) and (i)
  • Auxiliary directional lighting on truck if lighting <2 lumens per square foot
  • Control carbon monoxide to levels in 1910.1000
1910 178 k trucks and railroad cars
1910.178(k) Trucks and railroad cars
  • Brakes set and wheel chocks placed for highway trucks boarded with powered industrial trucks
  • Positive protection to keeptrain cars from moving while loading or with dockboards/bridge plates
  • Fixed jacks for uncoupled semitrailer during loading
1910 178 l operator training
1910.178(l) Operator training
  • Ensure that before employee operates a powered industrial truck, operator has completed training and evaluation successfully
  • Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck only:
    • Under direct supervision of persons with the knowledge, training, and experience to train operators and evaluate their competence; and
    • Where such operation does not endanger the trainee or other employees.
1910 178 l operator training22
1910.178(l) Operator training
  • Required:
    • Lecture or other formal instruction (computer, video tape, written)
    • Practical training (demonstrations and exercises)
    • Evaluation by trainer of operator performance in workplace
  • Refresher training required after certain conditions in (4)
1910 178 l 3 training program content
1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Truck-related training topics:
    • Operating instructions, warnings, and precautions
    • Differences between the truck and the automobile
    • Truck controls and instrumentation:
      • where they are located
      • what they do
      • how they work
    • Engine or motor operation
    • Steering and maneuvering
    • Fork and attachment adaptation
1910 178 l 3 training program content24
1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Truck-related training topics:
    • Vehicle capacity
    • Vehicle stability
    • Any vehicle inspection and maintenance that the operator will be required to perform
    • Refueling and/or charging and recharging of batteries
    • Operating limitations
    • Operating instructions, warnings, or precautions listed in the operator's manual
1910 178 l 3 training program content25
1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Workplace-related topics:
    • Surface conditions
    • Composition of loads and load stability
    • Load manipulation, stacking, and unstacking
    • Pedestrian traffic in areas where the vehicle will be operated
    • Ramps and other sloped surfaces that could affect the vehicle's stability
1910 178 l certification
1910.178(l) Certification
  • The certification shall include:
    • Name of the operator;
    • Date of the training;
    • Date of the evaluation, and;
    • Identity of the person(s) performing the training or evaluation
  • Previous training does not need to be repeated if operator can operate safely
1910 178 m truck operations
1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Trucks never driven up to anyone standing in front of a bench or other fixed object
  • No one allowed to stand or pass under the elevated portion of any truck, whether loaded or empty
  • Unauthorized personnel not permitted to ride on powered industrial trucks
  • A safe place to ride provided where riding of trucks is authorized
1910 178 m truck operations28
1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Prohibit arms or legs from being placed between the uprights of the mast or outside the running lines of the truck
  • When truck left unattended (25 ft. away or out of view):
    • load engaging means fully lowered
    • controls neutralized
    • power shall be shut off
    • brakes set
1910 178 m truck operations29
1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Maintain safe distance from edges of ramps or platforms while on any elevated location
  • Never use trucks to open or close freight doors
  • Trucks, trailers, and railroad cars: Immobilize vehicles and check floors for breaks and weakness before driving on
1910 178 m truck operations30
1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Overhead guard as protection against falling objects
    • Intended to offer protection from the impact of small packages, boxes, bagged material, etc.
    • Not intended to withstand the impact of a falling capacity load
1910 178 n traveling
1910.178(n) Traveling

Three truck lengths


  • Follow all traffic regulations, including authorized speed limits
  • Maintain safe distance approximately three truck lengths from the truck ahead
  • Keep truck under control at all times
1910 178 n traveling32
1910.178(n) Traveling
  • Never pass other trucks traveling in the same direction at intersections, blind spots, or other dangerous locations
  • Slow down and sound horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed
  • If the load being carried obstructs forward view, travel with the load trailing
1910 178 n traveling33
1910.178(n) Traveling
  • Ascending or descending grades >10%: drive loaded trucks with the load upgrade
  • On all grades the load and load engaging means tilted back if applicable, and raised only as far as necessary to clear the road surface
1910 179 b general requirements
1910.179(b) General Requirements
  • Application: cranes with trolleys and other characteristics similar to gantry cranes
  • ANSI B30.2.0-1967
  • Rated load marking on each side and legible from the floor
  • Operated by designated personnel only
organization of standard
Organization of Standard
  • Cabs – access, controls, location
  • Footwalks and ladders – location, construction, walking/working surfaces
  • Stops, bumpers, rail sweeps, and guards
  • Brakes
  • Electric equipment, including controllers
organization of standard37
Organization of Standard
  • Hoisting equipment – sheaves, ropes, equalizers, hooks
  • Warning device
  • Inspection – frequent and periodic
  • Testing – operational and load
  • Maintenance
  • Rope inspection
organization of standard38
Organization of Standard
  • Handling the load
    • Size
    • Attaching the load
    • Moving the load
    • Hoist limit switch
  • Other requirements – ladders, cabs, fire extinguishers
1910 180 b general requirements
1910.180(b) General Requirements
  • Application:
    • Crawler cranes, locomotive cranes, wheel mounted cranes, used as lifting cranes
    • Both truck and self-propelled wheel type
    • Powered by internal combustion engines or electric motors
    • Utilize drums and ropes
  • ANSI B30.5-1968
  • Operated by designated personnel only
organization of standard41
Organization of Standard
  • Load ratings
  • Inspection classification
  • Testing
  • Maintenance procedure – General
  • Rope inspection
  • Handling the load
  • Other requirements
  • Operations near overhead lines


29 CFR 1910.181

1910 181 b general requirements
1910.181(b) General Requirements
  • Application:
    • “any modification of these types which retain their fundamental features, except for floating derricks”
  • ANSI B30.6-1969
  • Operated by designated personnel only
organization of standard44
Organization of Standard
  • Load ratings – permanent and nonpermanent
  • Inspection
  • Testing
  • Maintenance
  • Rope inspection
  • Operations of derricks
  • Handling the load
  • Other requirements


29 CFR 1910.184

  • Used for hoisting of material
    • Alloy steel chain
    • Wire rope
    • Metal mesh
    • Natural or synthetic fiber rope
    • Synthetic web
  • Illustrations in (b)
c safe operating practices
(c) Safe operating practices
  • Never use damaged / defective slings
  • Never shorten slings with makeshift devices
  • Never use kinked sling legs
  • Never load slings in excess of rated capacities
  • Balance loads in basket hitches to prevent slippage.
c safe operating practices48
(c) Safe operating practices
  • Attach slings securely to loads.
  • Pad / protect slings from sharp edges.
  • Keep suspended loads clear of obstructions
  • Keep employees clear of loads to be lifted and suspended loads.
c safe operating practices49
(c) Safe operating practices
  • Never place hands or fingers between sling and load while sling is being tightened.
  • Shock loading is prohibited – take up the slack in the sling slowly.
  • Never pull a sling out from under a load while the load rests on it.
organization of standard50
Organization of Standard
  • Inspections – each day before use and during use
  • Alloy steel chain slings
  • Wire rope slings
  • Metal mesh slings
construction standards

Construction Standards

29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N

applicability of construction standards in 29 cfr 1926
Applicability of Construction Standards in 29 CFR 1926
  • Subpart H: Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and Disposal
  • Subpart N: Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators, and Conveyors
  • Do construction standards apply:
    • To a derrick during drilling operations?
    • To a crane setting up equipment at a site?