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Bicycle History. 1815 Hobbyhorse by Karl von Drais, Germany. 1490 DaVinci drawing. 1839 Treadle cycle by Kirkpatrick Macmillan, Scotland. 1861 Velocipede by Pierre Michaux, France. In the quest for more speed, the velocipede evolved into the “ordinary.”. 1.5 m. The “ordinary”.

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bicycle history
Bicycle History

1815 Hobbyhorse by Karl von Drais, Germany

1490 DaVinci drawing

1839 Treadle cycle by Kirkpatrick Macmillan, Scotland

1861 Velocipede by Pierre Michaux, France

slide3

1885 Rover “Diamond Frame” Safety by John Starley in England

1888 Pneumatic tire developed by John Boyd Dunlop in Scotland

Rover Safety Bicycle

1895 Derailleur gears

1895 - 1970 Nothing significant happened in the development of the bicycle

Modern Rear

Derailleur

the revolution since 1970
The Revolution since 1970
  • New materials (composites, titanium, aluminum)
  • Cross-over technologies (aircraft, skiing)
  • Mass production
  • Increased environmental consciousness
  • Bikes are “cool” again
  • Mountain bikes
  • Human powered vehicles
the bicycle today
The Bicycle Today
  • The world’s 800 million bikes outnumber cars by two to one
  • Bike production outnumbers car manufacture by 3 to 1
  • In Asia alone, bicycles transport more people than do all the cars worldwide
  • The bike is the most energy-efficient mode of transport: one US study found that to cycle one mile burns 35 calories, to walk uses 100 calories, while a car’s engine burns 1,860 calories
bicycle facts continued
Bicycle Facts - continued
  • Each mile of highway consumes about 25 acres of land
  • The average motorist spends four hours a day either driving, maintaining, or earning the money for a car
  • Americans spend a billion hours a year stuck in traffic, wasting two billion gallons of gas at a cost of $10-30 billion
  • In one hour, a lane of highway can carry twice as many people riding bikes as those traveling by car
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