ACT prep Spring 2012. English 1 Team. Contents. I. Parts of speech II. Fall Review III. Colons IV. Apostrophes V. Subject-verb Agreement. I. Parts of Speech. Parts of speech. What are the parts of speech? Noun â€”person, place, thing, or idea Pronoun â€”word used in place of a noun
English 1 Team
For this passage, identify which part of speech each of the italicized words is.
You use a colon to mean ‘note what follows.’
To form the possessive of nouns and indefinite pronouns
To mark the omitted material in contractions
To form certain plurals, such as those of letters and abbreviations
*A singular subject takes a singular verb, while
a plural subject takes a plural verb.
A bike and a scooter(is, are) my means of getting around until I get a car.
The principal, along with a bunch of teachers, (is, are) getting ready for a snow day.
The cost of replacing the asbestos shingles with cedar shakes was considerable.
Apparently, the SAT testing service considers none as a singular word only. However, according to Merriam Webster's Dictionary of English Usage, "Clearly none has been both singular and plural since Old English and still is. The notion that it is singular only is a myth of unknown origin that appears to have arisen in the 19th century. If in context it seems like a singular to you, use a singular verb; if it seems like a plural, use a plural verb. Both are acceptable beyond serious criticism" (p. 664).
Indefinite pronouns - SINGULAR
None? Singular or Plural?
None of us ( is / are ) going to see Transformers 3.
Three-quarters of the students (is, are) against the detention policy.
Either the physicians in this hospital or the chief administrator (is, are) going to have to make a decision.
Either the chief administrator in this hospital or the physicians (is, are) going to have to make a decision.
Kara Cannon, together with her teammates, (present, presents) a formidable opponent on the basketball court.
Everyone selected to serve on this jury (has, have) to be willing to give up a lot of time.
A verb agrees with its subject even when the subject follows the verb.
On the wall hangsa portrait of his father.
***Be especially careful to find the real subject in sentences starting with here or there.
There wasbarely enough timeremaining.
5. Plural nouns of amount, distance, and so on, when they are used as singular units of measurement, take singular verbs.
Ex: A hundred dollarswas once paid for a single tulip bulb.
Ex: Thirty milesseems like a long walk to me.
6. A collective noun is considered singular when the group is regarded as a unit: it is plural when the individuals of the group are referred to.
Ex: The audience is very enthusiastic tonight.
Ex: The audience are returning to their seat.
When a relative pronoun (that, those, which, whose, who, whom, etc.) is the subject of a clause, the antecedent of the pronoun determines which verb you should use.
Jack is one of the boyswhoenjoy fierce competition.
Ready to practice some tough ones?
9. value is
10. access is