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The Metaphysical Period. 17 th century. Metaphysical concerns are the common subject of their poetry, which investigates the world by rational discussion of its phenomena rather than by intuition or mysticism. . http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/metaintro.htm.

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The metaphysical period

Metaphysical concerns are the common subject of their poetry, which investigates the world by rational discussion of its phenomena rather than by intuition or mysticism.

http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/metaintro.htm


The metaphysical period

Reacting against the deliberately smooth and sweet tones of much 16th-century verse, the metaphysical poets adopted a style that is energetic, uneven, and rigorous. (Johnson decried its roughness and violation of decorum, the deliberate mixture of different styles.) It has also been labelled the 'poetry of strong lines'.

http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/metaintro.htm


Ap terms define and categorize word style form or technique
AP terms much 16th-century verse, the metaphysical poets adopted a style that is energetic, uneven, and rigorous. (Johnson decried its roughness and violation of decorum, the deliberate mixture of different styles.) It has also been labelled the 'poetry of strong lines'. Define and categorizeWord, Style, Form, or Technique

Irony

Pun

Couplet

Novel

Epigram

Feminist

Metaphor

Dialect

Alliteration

Repetition

Epic poem

Lyric poem

Conceit

Denotation

Diction

Proverb

Sonnet

Mood

Paradox

Simile

Personification

Tone

Flashback

Satire

Rhyme

Antithesis

Colloquial

Controlling image

Anecdote

Rhyme scheme


John milton
John Milton much 16th-century verse, the metaphysical poets adopted a style that is energetic, uneven, and rigorous. (Johnson decried its roughness and violation of decorum, the deliberate mixture of different styles.) It has also been labelled the 'poetry of strong lines'.

John Milton was born in London. His mother Sarah Jeffrey, a very religious person, was the daughter of a merchant sailor. His father, also named John, had risen to prosperity as a scrivener or law writer - he also composed music.

http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/jmilton.htm


The metaphysical period

At the age of twelve Milton was admitted to St Paul's School near his home and five years later he entered Christ's College, Cambridge. During this period, while considering himself destined for the ministry, he began to write poetry in Latin, Italian, and English.


The metaphysical period

In 1651 Milton became blind, but like School near his home and five years later he entered Christ's College, Cambridge. During this period, while considering himself destined for the ministry, he began to write poetry in Latin, Italian, and English. Jorge Luis Borges centuries later, blindness helped him to stimulate his verbal richness. "He sacrificed his sight, and then he remembered his first desire, that of being a poet," Borges wrote in one of his lectures. One of his assistants was the poet and satirist Andrew Marvell (1621-78), who spoke for him in Parliament, when his political opinions arouse much controversy.


The metaphysical period

After the Restoration of Charles II in 1660, Milton was arrested as a noted defender of the Commonwealth, but was soon released. Milton paid a massive fine for his opposition. Besides public burning of EIKONKLASTES (1649) and the first DEFENSIO (1651) in Paris and Toulouse, Milton escaped from more punishment after Restoration, but he became a relatively poor man. The manuscript of Paradise Lost he sold for £5 to Samuel Simmons, and was promised another £5 if the first edition of 1,300 copies sold out.


The metaphysical period

The poem tells a biblical story of Adam and Eve, with God, and Lucifer (Satan), who is thrown out of Heaven to corrupt humankind. Satan, the most beautiful of the angels, is at his most impressive: he wakes up, on a burning lake in Hell, to find himself surrounded by his stunned followers. He has been defeated in the War of Heaven.


The metaphysical period

The and Lucifer (Satan), who is thrown out of Heaven to corrupt humankind. Satan, the most beautiful of the angels, is at his most impressive: he wakes up, on a burning lake in Hell, to find himself surrounded by his stunned followers. He has been defeated in the War of Heaven. theme of Fall and expulsion from Eden in Paradise Lost had been in Milton's mind from 1640s. His ambition was to compose an epic poem to rival the works of ancient writers, such as Homer and Virgil, whose grand vision in Aeneid left traced in his poem.


Paradise lost
Paradise Lost and Lucifer (Satan), who is thrown out of Heaven to corrupt humankind. Satan, the most beautiful of the angels, is at his most impressive: he wakes up, on a burning lake in Hell, to find himself surrounded by his stunned followers. He has been defeated in the War of Heaven.

Milton created a powerful and sympathetic portrait of Lucifer. His character bears similarities with Shakespeare's hero-villains Iago and Macbeth, whose intellectual nihilism is transformed into metaphysical drama.

Some critics have a problem with Lucifer being connected with heroes.


Paradise lost1
Paradise Lost and Lucifer (Satan), who is thrown out of Heaven to corrupt humankind. Satan, the most beautiful of the angels, is at his most impressive: he wakes up, on a burning lake in Hell, to find himself surrounded by his stunned followers. He has been defeated in the War of Heaven.

Milton's view influenced deeply Romantic poets William Blake and Percy Bysshe Shelley, who saw Satan as the real hero of the poem and a rebel against the tyranny of Heaven.


Paradise lost2
Paradise Lost and Lucifer (Satan), who is thrown out of Heaven to corrupt humankind. Satan, the most beautiful of the angels, is at his most impressive: he wakes up, on a burning lake in Hell, to find himself surrounded by his stunned followers. He has been defeated in the War of Heaven.

Many other works of art have been inspired by Paradise Lost, among them Joseph Haydn's oratorio The Creation, Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock and The Dunciad, John Keat's poem Endymion, Lord Byron's The Vision of Judgment, satanic Sauron in J.R.R. Tolkien's saga The Lord of the Rings.


Structure
Structure and Lucifer (Satan), who is thrown out of Heaven to corrupt humankind. Satan, the most beautiful of the angels, is at his most impressive: he wakes up, on a burning lake in Hell, to find himself surrounded by his stunned followers. He has been defeated in the War of Heaven.

Epic

begins with an invocation

The story continues in medias res (in the middle of the story)

-just like Beowulf

high, lofty language

-just like Beowulf


Purpose of pl
Purpose of and Lucifer (Satan), who is thrown out of Heaven to corrupt humankind. Satan, the most beautiful of the angels, is at his most impressive: he wakes up, on a burning lake in Hell, to find himself surrounded by his stunned followers. He has been defeated in the War of Heaven. PL

  • Milton wrote Paradise Lost not long after the civil war in England.

    • Could have been written to explain the suffering or to give meaning to the suffering after the war.


The metaphysical period

http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtmlhttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml


Invocation lines 1 26
Invocation (lines 1 – 26)http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

On whom does Milton call to help him tell

the story?


What does milton say he wants to explain first
What does Milton say he wants to explain first?http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

What caused Adam and Eve to fall from grace and break God’s command.

Satan

How is Satan described?

Direct or indirect characterization?


The metaphysical period

Summarize the story of Adam and Eve ashttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

Milton tells it.

How is the fall of Adam and Eve connected

to the fall of Satan and his league of

demons?


Hell lines 60 77
Hell (lines 60 – 77)http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

How is it described?

Who is Beelzebub?


The metaphysical period

What does Beelzebub say to Satan? (line 84 - )http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

What is Satan’s reaction to his fall into Hell? (lines 94-99)

What do they plan to do?


The metaphysical period
Evilhttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

Stubborn

Vengeful

Spiteful

How is this portrayed in lines 125 – 155?


Anti heroic qualities of satan
Anti-/Heroic qualities of Satanhttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml


Physical description of satan
Physical description of Satanhttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml


Symbolism of chains
Symbolism of chainshttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

God’s hold on Satan?

Hatred?

Lack of ambition?


Word style form and technique
Word, style, form, and techniquehttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

Word

syntax – “..but rather darkness visible”

diction – descriptions of Hell, Satan, etc.

Style

sentence structure

long supporting clauses

shorter main clauses


The metaphysical period

Formhttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

epic

high language

invocation

in medias res

Technique

indirect characterization

allusion

comparing Satan to creatures from other literary works


Sonnets of milton
Sonnets of Miltonhttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

Analyze using list of AP terms


Satire so far
Satire so far…http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

Gulliver’s Travels

Political satire

Tories and Whigs

Protestants and Catholics

Warfare Science and Technology

Societal satire

Human nature


Satire so far1
Satire so far…http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

Animal Farm

Political satire

Stalin

Trotsky

Communism

Karl Marx Modernization/Industrialization


Satire so far2
Satire so far…http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

Paradise Lost

Religious/societal satire

Sufferings of war

Fall of man

Defeat of the establishment

Righteousness of a higher power


Is satire always funny
Is satire always funny?http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml

Remember the definition of satire:

writing that exposes or finds fault

Sometime funny – sometimes not


The metaphysical period

Imagine that you would always have someone in your life at your beck and call. In a journal entry or informal essay, describe all the things that you would expect this person to do for you.

http://cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/miller5/chapter8/custom3/deluxe-content.html


I want a wife
“I Want a Wife” your beck and call. In a journal entry or informal essay, describe all the things that you would expect this person to do for you.

Prentice Hall

White - 395

As you read….

Brady uses a sarcastic, or even bitter, tone to highlight how unfair she thinks the roles of wives are. Discuss what you think might have led her to this sarcasm or bitterness. Be imaginative, and use clues from the essay to help you shape your story.


As you read
As you read…. your beck and call. In a journal entry or informal essay, describe all the things that you would expect this person to do for you.

Brady uses a sarcastic, or even bitter, tone to highlight how unfair she thinks the roles of wives are. Discuss what you think might have led her to this sarcasm or bitterness. Be imaginative, and use clues from the essay to help you shape your story.


Subject and purpose
Subject and Purpose your beck and call. In a journal entry or informal essay, describe all the things that you would expect this person to do for you.

Is Brady being fair? Justify.

Why did she write this?


What s in your toothpaste
“What’s In Your Toothpaste? your beck and call. In a journal entry or informal essay, describe all the things that you would expect this person to do for you.

Prentice Hall

White - 183

Did you know some or all of the ingredients? Were you surprised or shocked by what ingredients are actually in toothpaste? Are you now going to try to find a more "natural" toothpaste?

As you read….


The metaphysical period

Bodanis' description is intentionally shocking--linking the ingredients to substances that we would never consider putting in our mouths.

Divide into three groups.

Group A: Chalk, and titanium dioxideGroup B: Glycerine glycol, seaweedGroup C: Detergent, formaldehyde

To what does the author link these items? Why?


Homework
Homework ingredients to substances that we would never consider putting in our mouths.

Write a satire in the vein of “I Want a Wife” or “What’s In Your Toothpaste”

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