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Thinking Critically
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  1. ThinkingCritically

  2. Consider & Reflect Your Role in Class Share Feelings Experiences Thoughts Feedback & Support Listen Actively Ask Are there any rules for the way in which we should work together? Keep a Learning Log Challenge Self & Processes Give Feedback

  3. The Academic’s Quest How do we move beyond what we already know? How do we expand the domain of knowledge? How will we know when a “discovery” or conclusion constitutes newknowledge? What is the mark of truth?

  4. Lacking a signpost for truth, those in the knowledge business strive to find methods of thinking and knowing that ultimately will grow the store of known truths. is acknowledged as the single-most reliable platform for expanding knowledge across each and every academic discipline. Critical Thinking

  5. A Critical Thinking Process Flow Observations.From a series of observations, we establish: Facts. From a series of facts, or from an absence of fact, we make: Inferences. Testing the validity of our inferences, we make: Assumptions. From our assumptions, we form our: Opinions. Taking our opinions, we use the principles of logic to develop: Arguments. And when we want to challenge the arguments of others, we employ: Critical Analysis through which we challenge the observations, facts, inferences, and so on, in the arguments that we are analyzing (9) http://www.dartmouth.edu/%7Ecompose/faculty/pedagogies/thinking.html#elements

  6. Critical Thinking Checklist • These critical thinking skills include • separating relevant fromirrelevant information, • distinguishing between verifiable facts and value claims, • determining the credibilityof a source, • recognizing inconsistencies in a line of reasoning, and • determining the strength of an argument or a claim. (1)

  7. Dispositions Truthseeking:A courageous desire for the best knowledge, even if such knowledge fails to support or undermine one’s preconceptions, beliefs or self-interests. Open-mindedness:Tolerance for divergent views, self-monitoring for possible bias. Analyticity:Demanding the application of reason and evidence, alert to problematic situations, inclined to anticipate consequences. Systematicity:Valuing organization, focus and diligence to approach problems of all levels of complexity. CT Self-confidence:Trusting of one’s own reasoning skills and seeing oneself as a good thinker. Inquisitiveness:Curious and eager to acquire knowledge and learn explanations even when the applications of the knowledge are not immediately present. Maturity:Prudence in making, suspending or revising judgment. An awareness that multiple solutions can be acceptable. An appreciation of the need to reach closure even in the absences of complete knowledge. (1) p15 – paraphrase of an excerpt from The Delphi Report