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iClicker Questions for. Exploring Psychology , 8th Edition by David G. Myers. Karla Gingerich, Colorado State University. Unit 8A: Motivation. After spending years in the ocean, a mature salmon swims up its home river to return to its birthplace. This behavior is an example of: .

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iclicker questions for

iClicker Questions for

Exploring Psychology, 8th Edition by David G. Myers

Karla Gingerich, Colorado State University

Unit 8A: Motivation

slide2
After spending years in the ocean, a mature salmon swims up its home river to return to its birthplace. This behavior is an example of:
  • A. homeostasis.
  • B. a set point.
  • C. a refractory period.
  • D. an instinct.
slide3

In poorer nations, life satisfaction is especially likely to be influenced by satisfaction with one's ________. In wealthier countries, life satisfaction is especially likely to be influenced by satisfactions with one's ________.

  • A. financial circumstances; home life
  • B. physical appearance; financial circumstances
  • C. personal achievements; personal safety
  • D. sexual desires; financial circumstances
slide4
When scientists put 36 conscientious objectors on a semi-starvation diet for six months, all of the following occurred EXCEPT:
  • A. the men appeared listless and apathetic.
  • B. the men became obsessed with food.
  • C. the men spent more time thinking about sex.
  • D. the men lost interest in social activities.
slide5

Dr. Richards is electrically stimulating a well-fed rat’s __________; as she does so, she observes an increase in the rat’s eating behavior.

  • A. hippocampus
  • B. thalamus
  • C. hypothalamus
  • D. pancreas
slide6
Over the past 50 years, the incidence of anorexia nervosa has steadily increased. This is most clearly attributable to:
  • A. cultural ideals of beauty that increasingly encourage thinness.
  • B. increasing levels of childhood sexual abuse.
  • C. the onset of adolescence at increasingly younger ages.
  • D. the decreasing emphasis on maintaining stable marriages.
slide7

A group of men had their regular food intake cut in half. After 24 weeks, their weight stabilized at about three-fourths of their previous weight, even though they were allowed to eat only half of what they typically ate before. This limited weight loss was due, at least in part, to the fact that their dietary restriction led to:

  • A. a proliferation of their lymphocytes.
  • B. the inhibition of their dopamine reuptake.
  • C. a sharp decrease in their metabolic rates.
  • D. a dramatic surge in their cholesterol levels.
slide8

In a classic experiment, obese patients whose daily caloric intake was dramatically reduced lost only 6 percent of their weight. This limited weight loss was due, at least in part, to the fact that their dietary restriction led to:

  • A. a proliferation of their lymphocytes.
  • B. the inhibition of their dopamine reuptake.
  • C. a sharp decrease in their metabolic rates.
  • D. a dramatic surge in their cholesterol levels.
slide9

Lindsey is extremely afraid of becoming obese even though she is underweight. She often checks her body in the mirror for any signs of fat and refuses to eat most foods because she insists they are fatty or high in calories. Lindsey most clearly demonstrates symptoms of:

  • A. excess PYY.
  • B. bulimia nervosa.
  • C. an abnormally high set point.
  • D. anorexia nervosa.
slide11

You are working on a difficult jigsaw puzzle. It is both frustrating and enjoyable. Which of the basic theories of motivation can best explain your behavior?

  • A. Abraham Maslow’s theory
  • B. homeostasis theory
  • C. drive reduction theory
  • D. arousal theory