Non River valley Civilizations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Non River valley Civilizations

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  1. Non River valley Civilizations Mediterranean World

  2. Indo Europeans • 2 theories • Anatolian brought farming • independent farming techniques • Megaliths • First about 4,000BCE • Throughout Europe • Large stones in circles or lined up in rows • Astronomical associations

  3. Hittites • 1600-1200BCE • Western Asia • Iron Users

  4. Phoenicians • 120 mi. along Palestine • Great traders • Carthage • Alphabet

  5. Hebrews • Monotheistic- Judaism • Nomadic people • Migrated from Mesopotamia to Palestine

  6. Hebrews • Saul first King (1020-1000BCE) • David (1000-970BCR)- settled people to farming • Solomon (970-930BCE)- temple of Jerusalem/ expanded political military • After Solomon divided 2 kingdoms- Kingdom of Israel/ Judah • Israel over run by Assyrians • Judah conquered- Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Macedonians, Rome

  7. Assyrians • On the upper Tigris river • Used Hittite iron weapons • Empire established about 700BCE • Areas revolted and fell in 605BCE • Ruled by kings • Efficient administration and communication • Well organized army

  8. Assyrians • Unified language • Religion • Few significant cities • Trade secondary • Culture • Hybridized • Relief sculptures

  9. Persia • Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562BCE) • Empire based in Babylonia • Fell to Persians unified by Cyrus the Great (559-530BCE) • Satrapy- province, Satrap governor • Collect tribute • Justice and security • Fill military levies

  10. Persian Government • 20 satraps from Egypt to India • Satrapy- province, Satrap governor • Collect tribute • Justice and security • Fill military levies • Well maintained roads • King considered divine • All subjects kings servants • Capital Susa

  11. Persian Religion • Zoroastrianism • Zoraster born 660BCE prophet revealed true religion • Zend Aveste • Monotheistic • Ahuramazda • vs. evil spirit Ahriman