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American History Chapter 21-2. Americans Face Hard Times. Effects of the Stock Market Crash. Great Depression : A severe economic crisis. Runs on banks caused thousands of banks to shut down. Effects on farmers: Increased poverty meant Americans were buying less food.

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american history chapter 21 2

American History Chapter 21-2

Americans Face Hard Times

effects of the stock market crash
Effects of the Stock Market Crash
  • Great Depression: A severe economic crisis.
    • Runs on banks caused thousands of banks to shut down.
slide3

Effects on farmers:

    • Increased poverty meant Americans were buying less food.
    • High supply/low demand led to lower prices.
    • Hundreds of thousands of farm foreclosures occurred.

unemployment

foreclosures

slide4

Unemployment rose dramatically.

    • 25% of American workers were unemployed by 1933.
    • Places like Harlem were at 50% unemployment.

Irony?

impact on those hit hardest
Impact on Those Hit Hardest
  • Increased poverty due to lost jobs.
    • People begged, went to soup kitchens, or went without.
    • Hoovervilles: The homeless developed shantytowns.
slide6

People coped in different ways:

    • Hoboes: Jobless wanderers hopping trains looking for work.
      • Millions were teenagers.
slide7

Emotional stress:

    • Many felt personal failure & shame.
    • Total despair.
    • Anger.
    • Suicide rates increased.
slide8

Nature & carelessness add to the problems.

    • Great Plains was hit by a severe drought or dry period.
    • The careless practice of plowing up all of the land led to catastrophic dust storms.
    • Hardest hit area known as the Dust Bowl.
    • People, known as Okies, fled the Great Plains to seek out jobs elsewhere.
  • Woody Guthrie wrote songs about the Dust Bowl.
slide10

Bye Bye

Birdie