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Nicolaus Copernicus. Introduction. Nicolaus Copernicus was born on the 19 of Febuary 1473, in the city of Torun . Nicolaus had three siblings He studied Astronomy and Mathematics in Cracow

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  • Nicolaus Copernicus was born on the 19 of Febuary1473, in the city of Torun.
  • Nicolaus had three siblings
  • He studied Astronomy and Mathematics in Cracow
  • In 1496 he went to Italy where he studied Greek and Philosophy in Bologna, Medicine at Padua, and church law at Ferrera.
  • Nicolaus died on the 24th of May 1543 (aged 70) and was buried in Frauenburg Poland.
contributions to science
Contributions to Science
  • He created the armillary sphere.
  • He also came up with the Heliocentric model.
the armillary sphere
The Armillary Sphere
  • The armillary sphere looks like a sphere circled by a ring and set upon a base
  • Armillary spheres were made with different numbers of circles arranged at different angles. These rings would then be adjusted in order to trace the path of the stars
the armillary sphere1
The Armillary Sphere
  • The armillary sphere was widely used for navigating at sea
  • This invention helped him represent the universe with the planets’ globes
  • He had created many armillary spheres in his studies to help him visualise what he was trying to prove
the heliocentric model
The Heliocentric Model
  • The heliocentric model is a theory that places the sun as the centre of the universe , and the planets orbiting around it
  • The heliocentric model replaced geocentrism ,which is the belief that the earth is the centre of the universe
the heliocentric model1
The Heliocentric Model
  • The heliocentric model began to gain popularity because technology progressed enough to gain evidence in its favour
  • If Nicolaus didn’t come up with the Heliocentric model we wouldn’t know what time it is , what year and what month
de revolutionibus orbium coelestium
De revolutionibusorbiumcoelestium
  • This was the title of Copernicus’ book which means “On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres”
  • It contained six sections explaining his theory that everything rotates around the sun
de revolutionibus orbium coelestium1
De revolutionibusorbiumcoelestium
  • The first book sets out Copernicus' heliocentric theory as the basis for his cosmology and ongoing calculations;
  • the second book uses trigonometry to solve various motions of bodies in the sky;
  • book three looks at the motion of the Earth;
  • book four explains the motion of the Moon;
  • Books five and six throw light on the motions of the planets
crater c opernicus
Crater Copernicus
  • Copernicus Crater formed on our Moon less than a billion years ago when an impactor, several kilometers across, struck the surface.
  • The impact created a circular crater nearly 100 kilometers across and blew material out in prominent rays.
  • The Apollo 12 astronauts collected samples from one of the rays. These samples provide evidence of the timing of the impact.