Basic Problem of Human Life and their Solution Sources of Knowledge Importance of Revelation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Basic Problem of Human Life and their Solution Sources of Knowledge Importance of Revelation
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Basic Problem of Human Life and their Solution Sources of Knowledge Importance of Revelation

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  1. Basic Problem of Human Life and their SolutionSources of KnowledgeImportance of Revelation

  2. Basic Problems • Two Types • Natural/Basic • Collective in Nature • Secondary/Miscellaneous • Not of all

  3. Secondary • Class Conflict • Poverty • Education • Role of Media

  4. Basic/Natural Problems • About Self • Who am I? • What is Purpose of life ? • Concept of freedom (Independent or subordinate)? • About Universe • Why it was Created ? • What will be it’s end? • How the universe was created ?

  5. Cont… • About Creator • Who is the Creator? • What is the purpose of creation? • What is the relationship between creator and creation? • What will happen after death?

  6. Solutions of these Problems • Ignorance • Knowledge

  7. Ignorance • Rational ignorance • A voluntary state of ignorance that can occur when the cost of educating oneself on an issue exceeds the potential benefit that the knowledge would provide • Blank Ignorance • Innocence, a term sometimes used to indicate a naive lack of knowledge or understanding

  8. Knowledge • Plato famously defined knowledge as "justified true belief", though "well-justified true belief" • In Islam, • "The Knowing" (al-ʿAlīm) is one of the 99 names reflecting distinct attributes of God. • The Qur'an asserts that knowledge comes from God (2:239) and various Hadith encourage the acquisition of knowledge

  9. Types of Knowledge • Needed for Material Development • Needed for Ifran-e-Zat / Spiritual Up healing

  10. Basic Sources of Knowledge • Senses • Basic five • Additional Five • Short Comings • Limited • Temporary • Only gives Facts • Doubtful • Cant tell about Meta Physical things

  11. Aqal (Wisdom) • To Understand • Guidance • Aqal in Quran • Thankful for His Blessings 2-269 • If Akhrat is better than this life Aeraff-169 • Excel in fruit Raad-4 • In the formation of day and night 3-190

  12. Drawback • Limited • May Contrast • Ineffective • Changeable • Have contrast in It • Depended on senses

  13. Wajdan (Mirth) • Concept • Truth is suddenly revealed • Observation + Reasoning = Mirth • Without senses and understanding , knowing about truth • Shortcomings • Affected by Senses • Utmost struggle needed • Cant be relayed upon

  14. Understanding/ Shaoor • Concept • Based on environment, Experience, age, Maturity • Types • Conscious • Sub Conscious • Pre Consciousness • Inadequacy • Limited • Dubious

  15. Certified Knowledge • Concept • Experiences + Traditions + Observation • Inadequacy • Changeable • Not vast

  16. Cont… Ilham / Intuition/Alk`a • Concept • Truth in reveled at heart Conscience • Concept • Differentiate b/w good and bad • Limitation • Cant instigate good or bad • Imbalance • Tilted towards self

  17. Ma`rfat / Mystical (Spiritual Truth) • Concept • Know the Nature and law of nature (God) • Depends; Piety, Aloofness from sin, Purity • May see the future • Kashaf (Spiritual Discovery)

  18. Revelation • From God only • For Prophets • Source is known • Types • In Words • Sense revealed at heart

  19. Authenticity of Wahi • Certain • Complete • Independent • Perfect • Permanent • Error Free • Unlimited • Tells about meta physical truth • Reliable • For all purpose

  20. Solution of Basic Problems • Tells about • Status of Man (2:30) • Creation • Death • Purpose of Life (Azariayt:56) • Protection of Quran • Life after death • All basic problems are solved

  21. Solution to Secondary Problems • End of Sectarianism (3:103)

  22. Conclusion • All sources of knowledge are imperfect but Wahi • The only perfect solution of Basic Problems of Human life