Constellations we see all year round are called;. Circumpolar constellations Example of a circumpolar constellation is Little Dipper or Big Dipper. The star that is (almost) locate over our North Pole is . POLARIS The constellation that includes POLARIS is the Little Dipper (Ursa Minor).
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Example of a circumpolar constellation is
The constellation that includes POLARIS is the
What do we call the amount of light a star ACTUALLY GIVES OFF?
This is the distance light travels in one year
Color blue or white means
Color red or orange means
What part of the stars spectrum are we able to see?
Hottest and inner most layer, where the energy is produced, is the
Layer of Sun’s atmosphere that gives off light is
Areas on the surface of the sun that are COOLER than the areas around them:
Hydrogen fusing to helium
Medium sizedTell me about the Sun
Next closest star (in distance)
List 2 examples of how energy from the Sun arrives here at Earth
1. 8 minutes
2. 4.2 light years (Proxima Centauri) it is 270,000 times farther from Earth than the Sun
3. visible light, infrared and ultraviolet radiation,Tell me MORE about the Sun:
The following picture was taken from Earth.From Core to Corona. Image credit:p.110,125,Kaler. 3/16/05. <http://fusedweb.pppl.gov/CPEP/Chart_pages/5.Plasmas/Sunlayers.html>
SOLAR FLARE Earth.
Identify the letter that is starred:
The obvious shift in an objects position when viewed from 2 different angles.
Distance light travels in a year
5. Measure of the amount of light a star really gives off.
This is used to indicate what elements a star is made of
5. Absolute magnitude
Large cloud of gas and dust that BEGINS a new star.
Measure of the amount of star’s light as seen from Earth.
9. Apparent magnitude
The Earth spinning on it’s axis magnitude.
The Earth moving in an ellipse around the sun.
Areas cooler than those around them on the Sun.
Huge stars that are very cool.
The end of a star’s life
A place in the galaxy with a gravitational pull so strong even light cannot escape!
A large collection of stars, gas and dust held by gravity.
Light shifts as it moves towards or away from an object, what is that shift called?
15. Black hole
17. Doppler Effect
An object moving away from us will shift to the __ end of the spectrum
RedAccording the Doppler Effect..
18. All celestial bodies, and all of space, the cosmos and all things that exist.
19. A pattern of stars.
20.Earth’s galaxy is the…
20. Milky Way
What are the 3 types of galaxies? all things that exist.
22.Which type of galaxy is the Milky Way?
23.Where is our solar system found in the Milky Way?
21. Elliptical, spiral and irregular
outer edge of a spiral arm
Dwarf all things that exist.
C B D AUsing the terms below, put them in the correct order for a star from birth to death.
Universe all things that exist.
B D C APut these in order from smallest to largest.
What is measured on the Y-axis? all things that exist.
What is measured on the X-axis? all things that exist.
HOT & BRIGHT